ACLS exam

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ACLS Exam

Which of the following choices represents appropriate treatment of an asystolic patient?

Administration of atropine

Each cycle of CPR consists of 30 ____________ and two ____________.

compressions and ventilations

Bradycardia in a normal adult patient is defined as:

a resting heart rate less than 60 beats per minute

Sinus tachycardia originates in the:

Sinoatrial node

Which of the following represents a true statement regarding the NPA and OPA?

An NPA can be used on a semi-conscious or conscious patient, while an OPA can only be used on an unconscious patient.

In the management of an acute stroke patient, the goal is for the patient to arrive in the Emergency Department (ED) within ______ of the onset of signs and symptoms.

ten minutes

Stable tachycardia is defined as:

a heart rate faster than 100 beats per minute (bpm)

Begin use of TCP on a bradycardic patient with inadequate perfusion:

if atropine is ineffective or patient is exhibiting severe or degrading symptoms

Vasopressin can be substituted for:

both the first dose of epinephrine and the second dose of epinephrine

When treating an acute stroke patient, you must immediately create immediate IV access.

True

Which of the following should be considered in the IV access of an asystolic patient?

never interrupt CPR

Which of the following choices represents the two types of defibrillation?

Biphasic and monophasic

Which of the following does NOT represent unstable tachycardia?

Ventricular escape rhythm

____________ clear the patient before delivering a shock:

Always

Which of the following represents a true statement about sinus tachycardia?

Sinus tachycardia may result from hypovolemia

Chest pain that is indicative of myocardial ischemia may be accompanied by nausea.

True

Patients with symptomatic bradycardia and _____________ may quickly degrade into cardiac arrest:

poor perfusion

Hypotension may indicate that the patient is unstable.

True

After defibrillation, CPR may be necessary.

True

A sinus rhythm originates in the:

sinoatrial node

The QRS complex on an ECG represents the:

contraction of the ventricles

Myocardial ischemia is caused by:

insufficient oxygen/blood supply

Use of the child AED pads is necessary if the patient is:

8 years of age or younger

Which of the following choices is NOT considered to be an underlying cause of PEA?

Hyperglycemia

In the treatment of an acute stroke patient, the speed of response may determine patient outcome and survival.

True

Lidocaine can be used for post-resuscitation therapy.

True

All pulseless rhythms are classified as PEA.

False

Shortness of breath that is not accompanied by chest pain may be indicative of cardiac ischemia.

True

If a tachycardic patient loses a detectable pulse

immediately resume CPR and switch to the ACLS Pulseless Arrest Algorithm

A flatline on an ECG always represents asystole.

False

Severe headache and numbness may indicate that a patient is having an acute stroke.

True

____________ may be critical to maintaining a patient's airway.

suctioning

The IO route involves injecting fluids or drugs into the:

Bone marrow

An acute stroke may result from ________________.

blockage of an artery in the brain or rupture of an artery in the brain

Which of the following is NOT a sign or symptom of bradycardia?

all of these answers are correct may be signs/symptoms of bradycardia

Which of the following choices represents the disease process whereby coronary arteries become blocked?

coronary heart disease

It is ____________ to use an AED on a patient with a transdermal medication patch:

Not Dangerous

A patient displaying Pulseless Electrical Activity (PEA) will have ____________.

an organized cardiac rhythm

Which of the following does NOT represent a class or category of unstable angina?

extremely high-risk UA

Tachycardia may lead to a myocardial infarction, which is also known as a(n) ____________.

heart attack

A hypothermic patient may receive drugs when core body temperature is:

30 degrees Celsius or above

When considering an advanced airway, it is not important to consider whether or not there is sufficient time to administer bag-mask ventilation.

True

It is not advised to deliver oxygen to an acute stroke patient.

False

The Acute Coronary Syndrome Algorithm determines treatment protocol based on:

all of these answers are correct

Never administer analgesics and sedatives when using TCP.

False

Initial responders to an acute stroke patient should do all of the following EXCEPT

prioritize finding IV access

If a 12-lead ECG is not available, a _____________ may be used to interpret the patent's cardiac rhythm.

a rhythm strip

The P wave on an ECG represents the:

contraction of the atria

In a tachycardic patient, it is important to discern if the QRS wave is:

wide or narrow

Defibrillation restarts the heart.

False

In the event that atropine is found to be ineffective for the treatment of bradycardia, ____________may be used.

any of these answers are correct

Switch from the tachycardia algorithm if the patient ____________ at any point.

loses a pulse

Never administer oxygen to tachycardic patients.

false

Which of the following represents a true statement regarding asystole?

all of these answers are correct

The PR interval on an ECG represents the:

time between atrial and ventricular contraction

If the rhythm is unshockable and there is no pulse:

immediately resume CPR

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