During World War I, which person did Czar Nicholas II place in charge of the armies?
What concession did President Wilson demand at the Paris Peace Conferences?
created League of Nations
What was the name of the group that conspired to assassinate Archduke Francis Ferdinand?
a. the Serbian People's Front c. the Bosnian Militia
In 1914 ____ was considered an act of war.
mobilization of a nation's army
The Western Front was characterized by
trench warfare that kept both sides in virtually same positions for 4 years
Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, Germany, and the Ottoman Empire became known as
____ were councils composed of representatives from the workers and soldiers.
The Germans were especially unhappy with the so-called War Guilt Clause in the Treaty of Versailles because it stated that Germany
was responsible for starting war
France's approach to peace was guided in large part by
desire for national security
World War I was a ____, meaning that it involved a complete mobilization of resources and people
____, the aggressive preparation for war, was growing along with nations' armies.
The German advance toward Paris was halted at
First Battle of the Marne
By attacking Austria in May 1915, Italy
betrayed Germany and Austria
What caused the United States to join the Allies in fighting World War I
German use of unrestricted submarine warfare
Under the leadership of ____, the Bolsheviks became a party dedicated to violent revolution.
In an attempt to end Russia's involvement in the war, Lenin
signed Treaty of Brest-Litovsk with Germany which gave Russian territory to Germany
Who became the spokesperson for a new world order based on democracy and international cooperation
President Woodrow Wilson
After the war, Britain took control of Iraq and Palestine as
mandates of behalf of League of Nations
In what year did most of the Allied victories in the Middle East take place?
Who won all of the battles in the Middle East in 1918?
the Allied Powers