What are the 5 general causes of World War II?
1. effects of WW I
2. unsuccessful league of nations
3. economic depression
4. rise of dictatorships
5. creation of alliances
How did the effects of WW I cause WW II?
the treaty of versailles caused bitterness and anger (esperially by the germans)
What made the Leage of Nations unsuccessful?
it was not able to reslove problems
What are 3 examples of dictators?
1. Benito Mussolini
2. Joseph Stalin
3. Adlof Hitler
What were the two powers created during WW II?
What was the immediate cause or WW II?
the German troops invaded Poland using the Blitzkrieg warfare
What was the U.S. policy at the outbreak of the war?
What did the neutrality act that congress passed in the 1930's bann?
arms sales or loans to countries at war
What act did congress pass in 1941?
the Lend Lease Act
What was the lend lease act?
it allowed the U.S. to sell arms and equiptment to britian
What was the reason for the U.S. entry into the war?
the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor by dropping bombs on their ships and shot at planes
What was the result when congress voted on going to war or not?
senate : unanimous (all yes)
house : 388 - 1
What happened on December 11, 1941
Germany and Italy declered war on the U.S.
What did the U.S. do to propare for war?
1. prepared the armed forces
2. prepared business and labor
3. got public opinion
How did the U.S. prepare the armed forces?
-they started the selective service act
-gave women branches the non combat jobs
What is the selective service act?
-provided for the peace time draft in history
-all males that were age 21 - 36 were registered for the draft
How many drafties were htere during the war?
How did the U.S. prepare the business and labor?
-started the war production board
-started the man power board
-started the office of price administration
What was the war production board?
organzed factiries to produce war materials
What is the war man power board?
recruted and trained workers
How many women worked in factories during the war?
What did Rosie the Riviter symbolize?
all women working in defense plants
What was the office of price administration?
supervised the rationing program that helped to conserve on needed materials (food (sugar, coffee, meat), gasoline, shoes, scrap metal, rubber)
WHat were familes encoirage to plant?
How did the people help with the war (public opinion)?
-started the office of war information
-propagandized the war by using newspapers, magazines, radio nad movies
What is the office of war information?
-promoted the war effort
-sold war bonds
What did FDR want to do to the Japanese Americans during the war?
senf them to internment camps
How many Japanese Americans were forced to leave their homes and relocate to new areas?
Who were 3 important people in the war in Northern Africa and Europe?
1. General Dwight Eisenhower
2. General George Patton
3. Audie Murphy
What are 4 major battle and where were the fought?
1. El Almein (Egypt)
2. Anzio (Italy)
3. Normandy (France)
4. Battle of Bulge (Beligium and Luxemburg)
When did Germany surrender?
May 8, 1941
What happened at the war in the pacific?
Gerneral Mac Arthur, commander of the Allied forces in the south west pacific, liberated the Philippines from Japan
What were 5 major battles in the Pacific?
1. the corla sea
4. iwo jima
What strategy did the U.S. use to gain control in the pacific?
When and why did Japan surrender?
-August 15, 1945
-the dropping of the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagaski
WW II was the...
Greatest and deadliest war in history
How many people were killed during the war?
How many Jews were killed during the holocaust?
What did the US. do to help Europe and Japan which were left in ruins?
they helped them rebuild (marshall plan)
What did the war end?
the Great Depression
What were 5 results of the WW II?
1. it was the largest and deadliest
2. Europe and Japan were left in ruins
3. the Great depression ended
4. the U.S. and the soviet union emerged from the war as "super powers"
5. this was a catalyst for the civil rights movement
What did the U.S. and soviet union becoming "super powers" cause?
the cold war
What made the U.S. a super power?
the U.S. and hary truman tried to contain commmunist expansion and protect democratic governemnts in Western Europe, the middle east and china
What made the soviet union a super power?
they set up communist governemnt in eastern europe
Why did the allied powers fight in the war?
to defend democratic priciples of government
After the war steps were taken to promote equality. What were theis steps?
1. Brown vs. Board of Education - segration in schools was unconstitutional
2. Montgomery bus boycott - end segration on public busses