5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Indo European
- Epic of Gilgamesh
- a "Wedge-shaped" writing made with a reed stylus on clay tablets, dating to around 3000 B.C. Initially used by Sumerians then by others later, writing was mostly for recordkeeping then literature.
- b The most famous piece of Mesopotamian literature. Sumerian in origin but written in Akkadian, it is the story of the Uruk King Gilgamesh and Enkidu, their adventures, and the search for everlasting life.
- c 1792 - 1750 B.C. Created a strict code of 282 laws governing crime, commerce, land, marriage based on "an eye for an eye" and financial restitution.
- d A people who used a language derived from a single parent tongue, but their origin is not known - possibly in modern Iran or Afghanistan. Around 2000 B.C., they began migrating into Europe. They moved to Asia Minor and Anatolia (modern Turkey) and merged with the native peoples to for the first Hittite Kingdom, known as Old Kingdom (1700-1400 B.C.).
- e The first hominids. They lived in East and South Africa 3-4 million years ago and made the first simple stone tools.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- The area between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers where early cities flourished.
- Successor of Akhenaten, he undid the religious changes, moved the capital back to Thebes, but the empire was failing.
- The book of instructions for the preservation of the body and judgement of the dead by Osiris for Egyptians.
- A spiritual precept that conveyed the idea of truth and justice, especially right order and harmony.
- Established the Mitanni kingdom in the 16th century B.C. in the mountainous northern border of Mesopotamia.
5 True/False Questions
Hyksos → A Semitic speaking people who invaded Egypt and brought the Middle Kingdom to an end in the 17th century B.C. They introduced Bronze Age technology for new tools and weapons, heavier swords, the compound bow, and the horse-drawn war chariot. Eventually, the Egyptians used the war technology to get rid of the Hyksos.
Neolithic → "New Stone." 10,000 - 4000 B.C. People developed agriculture and raised livestock, stopped being nomadic, started living in permanent larger cities, developed specialized trades, divided labor, and men came to dominate society.
New Kingdom → 1550-1070 B.C. Ahmose I defeated the Hyksos and established the New Kingdom as a militaristic, imperialist country.
Middle Kingdom → 2186 - 2125 B.C. An age of prosperity and splendor when the largest pyramids were built and Memphis was the capital. The kings were considered divine and distant from the people.
Civilization → Characteristics 1) Urban focus. 2) Distinct religious structure. 3) New political and military structure. 4) New social structure based on economic power. 5) Development of writing. 6) New forms of significant artistic and intellectual activity.