5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Nile River
- Middle Kingdom
- a First built during the Old Kingdom, the pyramids were tombs for royals and the wealthy. The largest was built in Giza for Khufu around 2600 B.C.
- b The provinces of Egypt, ruled by a Nomarch.
- c Government by divine authority.
- d 2055 - 1650 B.C. An era of stability and vitality during which government was reorganized, fortified, and the country expanded.
- e Running through Egypt, the Nile provided transportation, it's annual flooding provided fertile soil and food, and it became the center of Egyptian civilization.
5 Multiple choice questions
- A Hittite king (1370-1330 B.C.) who established control from Western Turkey to Northern Syria, destroyed the power of the Mitanni kingdom, formed an alliance with Egypt and conquered Syria.
- A people who used a language derived from a single parent tongue, but their origin is not known - possibly in modern Iran or Afghanistan. Around 2000 B.C., they began migrating into Europe. They moved to Asia Minor and Anatolia (modern Turkey) and merged with the native peoples to for the first Hittite Kingdom, known as Old Kingdom (1700-1400 B.C.).
- Characteristics 1) Urban focus. 2) Distinct religious structure. 3) New political and military structure. 4) New social structure based on economic power. 5) Development of writing. 6) New forms of significant artistic and intellectual activity.
- The Egyptian imperial state reached it's height under III and the achievements were visible in new buildings and temples like Karnak and Luxor and III's 70 foot tall statue.
- 1550-1070 B.C. Ahmose I defeated the Hyksos and established the New Kingdom as a militaristic, imperialist country.
5 True/False questions
Amenhotep IV → Changed his name to Akhenaten and prohibited any worship except to the got Aten, causing religious strife. He changed the capital, ignored foreign affairs and lost Syria and Palestine.
Hittites → Hammurabi was the 6th king of the Amorite dynasty.
Sargon → A Semitic speaking people who invaded Egypt and brought the Middle Kingdom to an end in the 17th century B.C. They introduced Bronze Age technology for new tools and weapons, heavier swords, the compound bow, and the horse-drawn war chariot. Eventually, the Egyptians used the war technology to get rid of the Hyksos.
Sumerians → Established the Mitanni kingdom in the 16th century B.C. in the mountainous northern border of Mesopotamia.
Bronze Age → 3000 - 1200 B.C. About 4000 B.C. craftspeople discovered that if you combined copper and tin you made bronze, which was more durable than previous copper tools, leading to the bronze age.