Idealistic physician/political leader who south to transform China w/ patriotic, democratic, and economically progressive reforms.
Overthrew Qing Dynasty.
1st prez of China.
Helped organize Guomindang (Nationalist Party).
Set up 3 Principles of the People.
1839: Opium War Drug Czar
Letter to Queen Victoria: STOP SENDING OPIUM.
China lost Opium War>>Treaty of Nanjing, Hong Kong, etc.
AKA Buddha. Prince who left family/riches to find enlightenment (idiot). Reachd nirvana via meditation. Founder of Buddhism.
Late 1800s-1911. Widow of former emperor. Against reform: threaten Chinese Confucian civilization (also idiot) b/c already too much western influence (Christian missionaries, business/military, etc). Took over gov.; secretly supported Boxer Rebellion. Leader of Gang of Four.
1925: Took over Guomindang after Sun Yatsen's death.
Fought Mao Zedong+CCP. Almost destroyed them on Long March (1934). 1937-1945: Against Japan in WWII (temp. truce w/ CCP)
Ruled China 1928-1949. Defeated by CCP later on.
1949: Escape to Taiwan...prez until 1975 death.
Loved by all. 1920-1930s: leader of Communists. Sought support of peasants w/ politeness/fairness/food. Lead Long March>>most people died, but Mao still popular. GLF, CR, 100 Flowers Campaign, Anti-Rightest Campaign: FAILed utopian schemes.
Sent to remote factor for "reeducation" after Mao's betrayal.
1970s: Mao's successor. Economic reforms: eased strict eco. control; sent Chinese to study abroad; welcomed foreign investment. NO political reform: crackdown at 1989 Tiananmen Square pro-democracy movement. Modern China rose under him.