Mexican History Part 1

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Mexica

The name the Aztecs referred to themselves

Vicente Guerrero

Political ally of Santa Anna who began the conservative element of the Independence Movement.

Dolores

El Grito____de was said by a Spanish monk from a bell tower.

Gen. Winfield Scott

American General that defeated Mexico in 1847

Napoleonicas

Las Guerras_____caused the chaos that produced Mexican independence.

Indians

They lost their special colonial status with the passage of the Constitution of 1824

...

Indian civilization present in the Valley of Mexico when the Aztecs arrived.

El Masacre de Guanajuato

This massacre swung popular support was from the Indian revolt in 1810

James Knox Polk

He ran for President for the U.S. on a hawk platform

Gral. Juan Álvarez

This general overthrew Santa Anna for the last time in 1855

Gen. Zachary Taylor

This U.S. general led American troops into the disputed territory of southern Texas in 1846

Quetzalcoatl

Aztec god of destruction; Mayan god of victory

Messila Valley

This valley was sold to the U.S. as "The Gadsden Purchase"

Cádiz

The Spanish Cortes moves to this southern city when Napoleon invades Spain in 1808

Texcoco

Swampy lake that Mexico City sits on

Abraham Lincoln

U.S. congressman from Illinois who wanted to know the "spot" where American blood was shed in Texas.

California

The "upper" part of this Mexican territory was part of the land ceded in the U.S. in 1848

Rooster

Santa Ana owned a champion one of these

Veracruz

Mexican state that was owned almost entirely by Santa Anna's family

Stephen Austin

The capital of Texas is named for this Texan representative to the Mexican Congress

Tampico

One of the Santa Anna's famous titles was the "Hero of ___"

José Morelos

Second leader of the Indian revolt, he was caught and executed in 1815

Gral. José Joaquín de Herrera

He was overthrown "por la desgracia nacional" of losing Texas.

Buena Vista

This battle turned the tide of the Mexican-American War.

Huitzilopochtil

Aztec sun god

Rio Nueces

The border dispute in Texas between U.S. and Mexican forces took place when Americans crossed the river

Conservadores

Political party that supported Santa Anna

El Plan de Iguala

This "Plan" is a 23-article document drafted by independence conspirators in 1821

Itúrbide

Last name of Emperor Agustin I

Hidalgo

Padre_____began the Mexican war for independence to help Indians

Enciclopedistas

El Movimiento de los______was the Spanish name for the Enlightenment

Guadalupe

The Treaty of _______-Hidalgo ended the "War With the United States."

N'ahuatl

The language of the Aztecs

Santa Anna

Charismatic dictator who lost the Mexican-American War

...

Mexico City was first named after this first Aztec emperor

Gral. Anastasio Bustamante

Santa Anna's arch-nemesis and leader of Centralista Party

Borbón

The administration of the Viceroyalty of New Spain changes with the beginning of this Spanish ruling family

Manuel Félix Fernández Guadalupe Victoria

First elected president of Mexico

President James Monroe

First U.S president to formally recognize Mexico

Brazo

Spanish term for the body part Santa Anna lost in battle then held a funeral for.

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