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environment

everything that the learner is taking in, not just the material

short-term memory

7+/- 2 items, 2-3 seconds

sensory register

the part of the information-processing system where sights and sounds are represented directly and stored briefly, .01 seconds

receptors

cells that detect conditions in the body's environment

long term memory

the relatively permanent and limitless storehouse of the memory system.

response generator

determines form of response

effector

carries out response

curriculum

the courses of study that make up the total school program

course

a curriculum module dealing with a single broad study area

unit

an instructional module dealing with a single topic within a course

lesson

an instructional module dealing with a single specific concept within a unit

instructional block

the smallest unit of instruct, usually 1 block= 1 lesson

system software

software that is used to control the most basic operations of a computer

rubric

an assessment instrument designed to measure complex behaviors

hypermedia

linked or interactive media

instructional game

software designed to motivate learning by fostering competition between users of the package

virus

a software program written with the specific purpose of doing harm to a computer's data, software, or hardware

acceptable use policy (AUP)

a document designed by schools that explains the risks of using the Internet and explains the school's access rules for students and teachers

simulation

software type that models real or imaginary systems

software piracy

copying and/or using a software package in violation of copyright law

firewall

software that prevents access to specific locations on the internet

multimedia

computer product that incorporates text, sound, graphics, and/or video in the same product

tutorial

type of instructional software that offers a complete sequence of instruction on a given topic

problem solving software

instructional software function that either teachers specific steps for solving certain problems or helps the student learn general problem-solving behaviors

drill and practice software

an instructional software function that presents items for students to work on and gives feedback on correctness

cookies

text transmitted to a browser for the purpose of tracking the Internet habits of the user

filtering software

software that prevents access to sites containing inappropriate material

hacker

computer user who attempts to gain unauthorized use of a computer system

HTML

programming language used to develop web pages

inclusion

integrating special needs students into traditional classrooms

JPEG

image format used for photographs and other graphics

netiquette

good manners on the internet

OCR software

software that allows text to be scanned into a word processing file

Plug-ins

a program used to add a specific capability to a computer system

streamed video and audio

media files that can be played as they are downloaded

student response system

handheld hardware that allows multiple students to answer the same question simultaneously

URL

uniform resource locator; website address

clip art

collections of pre-drawn pictures that may be inserted into documents

probeware

alternate name for microcomputer-based labs that use sensors to collect data

blog

web page that serves as a publicly accessible location for discussing a topic or issue

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