Chapter 8 Quiz 1

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After Maya gave her friend the password to a protected website,the friend was able to remember it only long enough to type it into the password box.In this instance, the password was clearly stored in her_____memory

short-term

The extensive rehearsal necessary to encode nonsense syllabus best illustrates

effortful processing

Students who review previously learned course material at various times throughout a semester to pass a comprehensive final are especially likely to demonstrate long term retention of the course material.This best illustrates the value of

the spacing effect

At a block party,Cyndi is introduced to eight new neighbors.Moments later, she remembers only the names of the first three and last two neighbors. Her experience illustrates

the serial position effect

Employing the single word HOMES to remember the names of North America's five great Lakes best illustrates the use of

a mnemonic device

Which of the following is believed to be the synaptic basis for learning and memory?

long term potentiation

Memories of emotional events are especially likely to be facilitated by activation of the

amygdala

Mr. Nydam suffers from amnesia and is unable to remember playing golf on a particular course. Yet the more he plays the course, the more his game improves. His experience illustrates the need to distinguish between

explicit memory and implicit memory

Which of the following offers the best explanation for infantile amnesia?

The hippocampus is one of the last brain structures to mature.

The happier Judie is, the more readily she recalls experiences with former teachers who were warm and generous. This best illustrates that emotional states can be

retrieval cues

After suffering a brain injury in a motorcycle accident, Adam cannot form new memories. He can, however, remember his life experiences before the accident. Adam's memory difficulty most clearly illustrates

encoding failure

During her evening Spanish language exam, Janica so easily remembers the French vocabulary she studied that morning that she finds it difficult to recall the Spanish vocabulary she rehearsed that afternoon. Her difficulty best illustrates

proactive interference

Mrs. McBride can't consciously recall how frequently she criticizes her children because it would be too anxiety-arousing to do so. Sigmund Freud would have suggested that her poor memory illustrates

repression

After Teresa was verbally threatened by someone in a passing car, she was asked whether she recognized the man who was driving the car. Several hours later, Teresa mistakenly recalled that the driver was a male rather than a female. Teresa's experience best illustrates

the misinformation effect

Recalling something that you had once merely imagined happening as something you had directly experienced best illustrates

source amnesia

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