The Study of relationships in the personal, professional, or political aspect of society
Tell one Freedom guaranteed in the 1st Amendment to the Constitution and Explain the limitations on it.
Freedom of religion. Can not endanger anyone and can not be enfringed upon others.
What type of government has a ruler with absolute control over the social, political, and economic decisions in a society?
Determined by the Supreme Court that the National Government could establish a National Bank
McCullough vs. Maryland
The difference between direct democracy and representative democracy
Direct Democracy is ruled by the people directly. Representative democracy is hwen the people elect representatives to make and enforce the laws.
According to American Federalism, what are the 3 levels of our goverment?
National, State, and Local
Which of the Following is NOT important for a Representative Democracy? A. Universal Suffrage B. Majority Rule C. Joint Session of Congress D. Limited Goverment
C. Joint Session of Congress
What is the difference between ideology and political party?
Ideology is the beliefs of each individual as far as the power and choices made by the goverment (whether agree or disagree). Political Party is the group that you recognize with (Ex: Conservative, Liberal)
Written in 1215 and seen to be a model of the US Constitution because it provided basic civil liberties to people under the rule of a king.
The first constitution on the continent of North America had a representative goverment and was created by a Native American tribe known as the
Compact written in 1620 and was created to set up a structure of goverment of goverment prior to Pilgrims settling in Massachusetts
War that is sometimes called the seed of discontent for future colonial revolution because the colonists had fought the war and were then required to pay high taxes to pay for it.
French and Indian
Line drawn along the Appalachian Mountains which forbade the colonists from crossing into Indian Territory and reduced further conflict.
Proclamation of 1763
Why would the Athenian Model of Direct Democracy not work in the United States?
Our nation is too large.
Battles at Lexington and ______________ were the first open conflicts between the colonists and the British
The five people that drafted the Declaration of Independence
Jefferson, Adams, Sherman, Franklin, Livingston
The first written constitution of the United States and called for a weak central goverment and strong state governments
The articles of Confederation
Made it obvious that a national army was necessary to protect the citizens from armed revolt and that a new Constitution was needed.
Called for a bicameral legislature which has a lower house where the Representation is based on population
The Virginia Plan
Called for "one state, one vote" meaning that all states has the same power, no matter the size
The New Jersey Plan
The 3/5 Compromise was important to the South because it allowed for representation in Congress based on what group of the population?
Considered the "father of the Constitution" because he took many diligent notes at the Constitutional Convention and many of the ideas are from his notes.
____________________ Powers are those expressly granted to the national government in the Constitution and are actually written, or listed, in the Constitution?
What is the process by which people learn political attitudes and form their own opinions about issues?
Concurrent Powers are those powers that are shared by both the _________________ and _______________ governments, like taxation.
National and State
Which Amendment States " The Powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people"?
The five freedoms guaranteed in Amendment I are: freedom of _________, freedom of _____________, freedom of ______________, freedom to petition, and freedom of assembly.
Speech, Religion, and Press
Which of the following is NOT a direct democracy? A. Athenian Democracy B. New England Town Meeting C. US Congress
C. US Congress
When we speak of civil liberties in the United States, we are typically referring to
those personal freedoms that are protected for all individuals.
The First Amendment provides freedom of speech, freedom of press, freedom of assembly, freedom of petition and
Freedom of religion
Limits on conduct of police and prosecutors include all of the following except
no questioning of individuals until they are arrested
An individual's trial rights include all of the following except
the right to not be subject to lengthy questioning
The Supreme Court's decision in __________ in 1857 held that slaves were not citizens of the United States and thus not entitled to the rights and privileges of citizenship, a ruling that contributed to the inevitability of the Civil War.
Dred Scott v. Sanford
actions the government must take to provide equal protection and freedom from discrimination for all citizens
In 1896, the United States Supreme Court ruled in the case of Plessy v. Ferguson that
separation of races is not a violation of the Constitution
Which of the following was not consider to be a barrier to African-Americans voting in elections? a. poll taxes. b.. blood tests. c. literacy tests d. white primaries
In the case of Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka (1954), the U.S. Supreme court held that
public school segregation of races violates the equal protection clause of the Fourteenth Amendment
The civil rights movement led by Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., was based on the philosophy of
nonviolent civil disobedience
Martin Luther King's philosophy of nonviolent civil disobedience was influenced greatly by
Henry David Thoreau and Mahatma Gandhi
The owner and proprietor of Bubba's Rib Cage, an eatery located at the confluence of three different interstate highways, despises minorities and wants to refuse to allow them to eat at his restaurant. His actions violate the
Civil Rights Act of 1964.
refers to laws that have been enacted to establish barriers to women's advancement to top positions
The glass ceiling
The policy in admissions or hiring that gives special consideration to traditionally disadvantaged groups to overcome the present effects of past discrimination is known as
The Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967 prohibits
age discrimination against people without a valid occupational reason
Which type of interpretation of the Constitution by federal judges sticks to the wording of the Constitution?
A representative who is performing the role of a trustee is
acting on conscience or representing the broad interests of the entire society
A representative who is performing the role of an instructed delegate is
primarily representing the wishes of his or her constituents.
the drawing of legislative district boundary lines for the purpose of obtaining partisan advantage
Members of Congress are granted generous franking privileges that
permit them to mail letters to their constituents without charge
The "speech or debate" clause in Article I, Section 6, of the Constitution means that a member of Congress
is normally immune from libel or slander charges if the speech is connected with official duties
Most people who study the decision-making process in Congress agree that the single best predictor for how a member will vote is his or her
As chief executive, the president is constitutionally bound to
enforce laws, treaties, and court orders.
Which of the following is not considered part of the Federal Bureaucracy?
House Ways and Means Committee
Which of the following is not one type of Federal Court? a. District Court b. circuit court c. supreme court d. traffic court