American Government Final Exam

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The Study of relationships in the personal, professional, or political aspect of society

Political Science

Provide Freedom, Maintain Order, and Promote Equality

3 purposes of government

2 Reasons why people obey laws

Avoid consequences, morally wrong to disobey

Provide Freedom, Maintain Order, and Promote Equality

Social Contract

Tell one Freedom guaranteed in the 1st Amendment to the Constitution and Explain the limitations on it.

Freedom of religion. Can not endanger anyone and can not be enfringed upon others.

What type of government has a ruler with absolute control over the social, political, and economic decisions in a society?

Totalitarian Regime

Determined by the Supreme Court that the National Government could establish a National Bank

McCullough vs. Maryland

Rule by the People

Democracy

The difference between direct democracy and representative democracy

Direct Democracy is ruled by the people directly. Representative democracy is hwen the people elect representatives to make and enforce the laws.

According to American Federalism, what are the 3 levels of our goverment?

National, State, and Local

Which of the Following is NOT important for a Representative Democracy? A. Universal Suffrage B. Majority Rule C. Joint Session of Congress D. Limited Goverment

C. Joint Session of Congress

What is the difference between ideology and political party?

Ideology is the beliefs of each individual as far as the power and choices made by the goverment (whether agree or disagree). Political Party is the group that you recognize with (Ex: Conservative, Liberal)

Written in 1215 and seen to be a model of the US Constitution because it provided basic civil liberties to people under the rule of a king.

Magna Carta

The first constitution on the continent of North America had a representative goverment and was created by a Native American tribe known as the

Iroquis

Compact written in 1620 and was created to set up a structure of goverment of goverment prior to Pilgrims settling in Massachusetts

Mayflower

War that is sometimes called the seed of discontent for future colonial revolution because the colonists had fought the war and were then required to pay high taxes to pay for it.

French and Indian

Line drawn along the Appalachian Mountains which forbade the colonists from crossing into Indian Territory and reduced further conflict.

Proclamation of 1763

Why would the Athenian Model of Direct Democracy not work in the United States?

Our nation is too large.

Battles at Lexington and ______________ were the first open conflicts between the colonists and the British

Concord

The _______ Continental Congress called for the creation of the Declaration of Independence

2nd

The five people that drafted the Declaration of Independence

Jefferson, Adams, Sherman, Franklin, Livingston

The first written constitution of the United States and called for a weak central goverment and strong state governments

The articles of Confederation

Made it obvious that a national army was necessary to protect the citizens from armed revolt and that a new Constitution was needed.

Shay's Rebellion

What is the name of the introducation to the Constitution which states the six goals?

The Preamble

Called for a bicameral legislature which has a lower house where the Representation is based on population

The Virginia Plan

Called for "one state, one vote" meaning that all states has the same power, no matter the size

The New Jersey Plan

The 3/5 Compromise was important to the South because it allowed for representation in Congress based on what group of the population?

Slaves

Considered the "father of the Constitution" because he took many diligent notes at the Constitutional Convention and many of the ideas are from his notes.

James Madison

How many articles are in the Constitution?

Seven

What are the three branches of Goverment?

Judicial, Executive, and Legislative

What is the type of 3 leveled goverment we have in the United States?

Federal

What is the term for the final approval of the Constitution?

Ratification

The federalist papers were written to (support or oppose) ratification of the Constitution?

Support

What did the 15th Amendment to the Constitution do for African Americans?

Gave the right to vote.

The first ten amendments to the constitution

The Bill of Rights

In order for a bill to become a law, who must sign it?

The President

Which Amendment abolished slavery?

The 13th

Which type of Goverment has a very strong central/national government?

Unitary

Which type of Government has stong states but a weak central government?

Confederal

____________________ Powers are those expressly granted to the national government in the Constitution and are actually written, or listed, in the Constitution?

Inumerated

What is the process by which people learn political attitudes and form their own opinions about issues?

Political Socialization

Concurrent Powers are those powers that are shared by both the _________________ and _______________ governments, like taxation.

National and State

Which Amendment States " The Powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people"?

Amendment X

The 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments are called the ___________ War Amendments.

Civil

The five freedoms guaranteed in Amendment I are: freedom of _________, freedom of _____________, freedom of ______________, freedom to petition, and freedom of assembly.

Speech, Religion, and Press

What are the two main political parties in the United States?

Republican and Democratic

Which of the following is NOT a direct democracy? A. Athenian Democracy B. New England Town Meeting C. US Congress

C. US Congress

Who heads the Judicial Branch?

The Supreme Court

What are the two parts of the Legislative Branch?

House of Representatives and the Senate.

When we speak of civil liberties in the United States, we are typically referring to

those personal freedoms that are protected for all individuals.

The Bill of Rights is

The first ten amendments to the Constitution

The First Amendment provides freedom of speech, freedom of press, freedom of assembly, freedom of petition and

Freedom of religion

What age must a person be to be elected to the House of Representatives

25

What age must a person be to be elected to the Senate?

30

Slander is

a false statement that harms the good reputation of another.

Libel is

defamation in writing.

Gag orders have been used to

restrict the publication of news about a trial in progress.

Limits on conduct of police and prosecutors include all of the following except

no questioning of individuals until they are arrested

A defendant's pretrial rights include all of the following except

the right to provide bail

An individual's trial rights include all of the following except

the right to not be subject to lengthy questioning

The Miranda rule

requires that suspects be read their rights before questioning.

The Supreme Court's decision in __________ in 1857 held that slaves were not citizens of the United States and thus not entitled to the rights and privileges of citizenship, a ruling that contributed to the inevitability of the Civil War.

Dred Scott v. Sanford

Which of the following were called the Civil War Amendments

Amendments 13, 14, and 15

The Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution

abolished slavery.

actions the government must take to provide equal protection and freedom from discrimination for all citizens

Civil rights

In 1896, the United States Supreme Court ruled in the case of Plessy v. Ferguson that

separation of races is not a violation of the Constitution

Which of the following was not consider to be a barrier to African-Americans voting in elections? a. poll taxes. b.. blood tests. c. literacy tests d. white primaries

blood tests

In the case of Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka (1954), the U.S. Supreme court held that

public school segregation of races violates the equal protection clause of the Fourteenth Amendment

The civil rights movement led by Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., was based on the philosophy of

nonviolent civil disobedience

Martin Luther King's philosophy of nonviolent civil disobedience was influenced greatly by

Henry David Thoreau and Mahatma Gandhi

The owner and proprietor of Bubba's Rib Cage, an eatery located at the confluence of three different interstate highways, despises minorities and wants to refuse to allow them to eat at his restaurant. His actions violate the

Civil Rights Act of 1964.

Which Amendment gave women the right to vote?

Amendment 19

refers to laws that have been enacted to establish barriers to women's advancement to top positions

The glass ceiling

The policy in admissions or hiring that gives special consideration to traditionally disadvantaged groups to overcome the present effects of past discrimination is known as

affirmative action

The Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967 prohibits

age discrimination against people without a valid occupational reason

Which type of interpretation of the Constitution by federal judges sticks to the wording of the Constitution?

Strict constructionist

The people that a legislator spends considerable time and effort serving are called

constituents.

The principal and most obvious function of any legislature is

lawmaking

A representative who is performing the role of a trustee is

acting on conscience or representing the broad interests of the entire society

A representative who is performing the role of an instructed delegate is

primarily representing the wishes of his or her constituents.

The Constitution set up the Legislative Branch to be a

bicameral legislature

The largest occupational group among members of Congress is

lawyers.

the allocation of seats in the House to each state after each census.

Reapportionment

the drawing of legislative district boundary lines for the purpose of obtaining partisan advantage

Gerrymandering

Members of Congress are granted generous franking privileges that

permit them to mail letters to their constituents without charge

The "speech or debate" clause in Article I, Section 6, of the Constitution means that a member of Congress

is normally immune from libel or slander charges if the speech is connected with official duties

The foremost power holder in the House of Representatives is the

Speaker of the House.

The president of the Senate is

the vice president of the United States.

Most people who study the decision-making process in Congress agree that the single best predictor for how a member will vote is his or her

party affiliation.

The job of a conference committee is

to reconcile House and Senate versions of a bill.

The Constitution states that the required minimum age for the presidency is

thirty-five years.

How many terms can the President serve?

2

As chief executive, the president is constitutionally bound to

enforce laws, treaties, and court orders.

Which of the following is not considered part of the Federal Bureaucracy?

House Ways and Means Committee

an organizational structure designed to save taxpayer dollars.

A public bureacracy

The American court system is based on

English Common Law

A court ruling that affects future court cases of similar issue is

a precedent

Which of the following is not one type of Federal Court? a. District Court b. circuit court c. supreme court d. traffic court

traffic court

Ideology plays no part in judicial appointments

false

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