Chapter 25 The Geography and Early Settlement of Ancient Greece

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settlement

a conclusive resolution of a matter and disposition of it

shelter

a structure that provides privacy and protection from danger

colonist

a person who settles in a new colony or moves into new country

merchants

traders

What was the relationship between he ancient Greeks and the sea?

The combination of good sailing and lousy farming tends to make Greeks try to get a living from the sea.

How did the geopgraphy of Greece affect the people that lived there?

The soil is not very good for growing things, there are a lot of mountains that make it hard to walk from one place to another, and there is never enough fresh water. Because of this, people did not settle in Greece as early as they moved to Egypt and the Fertile Crescent.


The island of RhodesOn the other hand, what Greece does have is a lot of coastline (beaches).

What were the steps taken by the Greeks when establishing colonies?

If a Greek city was sending out a colony, an oracle, especially one such as the Oracle of Delphi, was almost invariably consulted beforehand. Sometimes certain classes of citizens were called upon to take part in the enterprises;

Descirbe how the geography of Greece resulted in the development of city-states.

During the Archaic period, the population of Greece grew beyond the capacity of its limited arable land From about 750 BC the Greeks began 250 years of expansion, settling colonies in all directions. These colonies played an important role in the spread of Greek influence throughout Europe, and also aided in the establishment of long-distance trading networks between the Greek city-states, boosting the economy of ancient Greece.

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