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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. extinction
  2. latent learning
  3. unconditioned stimulus (UCS)
  4. spontaneous recovery
  5. cognitive map
  1. a a mental representation of the layout of one's evnironment. for example, after exploring a maze, rats act as if they have learned a cognitive map of it
  2. b the diminishing of a conditioned response; occurs in classical conditioning when an unconditioned stimulus (UCS) does not follow a conditioned stimulus (CS); occurs in operant conditioning when a response is no longer reinforced
  3. c the reappearance, after a rest period, of an extinguished conditioned response
  4. d in classical conditioning, a stimulus that unconditionally - naturally and automatically - triggers a response
  5. e learning that occurs but is not apparent until there is an incentive to demonstrate it

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. the initial stage in classical conditioning; the phase associating a neural stimulus with an unconditioned stimulus so that the neutral stimulus comes to elicit a conditioned response. in operant conditioning, the strengthening of a reinforced response
  2. a type of learning in which an organism comes to associate stimuli. a neutral stimulus that signals an unconditioned stiumlus (UCS) begins to produce a response that anticaipates and prepares for the unconditioned stimulus (also called Pavlovian conditioning)
  3. in classical conditioning, an originally irrelevant stimulus that, after association with an unconditioned stimulus (UCS), comes to trigger a conditioned response.
  4. in operant conditioning, a schedule of reinforcement that reinforces a response only after a specified time has elapsed
  5. the process of observing and imitating a specific behavior

5 True/False Questions

  1. continuous reinforcementa stimulus that gains its reinforcing power through its association with a primary reinforcer (also known as a secondary reinforcer)

          

  2. respondent behaviorbehavior that operates on the environment, producing consequences

          

  3. conditioned reinforcera stimulus that gains its reinforcing power through its association with a primary reinforcer (also known as a secondary reinforcer)

          

  4. associative learninglearning tht certain events occur together. the events may be two stimuli (as in classical conditioning) or a response and its consequences (as in operant conditioning)

          

  5. shapingan operant conditioing procedure in which reinforcers guide behavior toward closer and closer approximation of a desired goal

          

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