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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. unconditioned response (UCR)
  2. cognitive map
  3. acquisition
  4. punishment
  5. primary reinforcer
  1. a a mental representation of the layout of one's evnironment. for example, after exploring a maze, rats act as if they have learned a cognitive map of it
  2. b in classical conditioning, the unlearned, naturally occurring response to the unconditioned stimulus (UCS), such as salivation when food is in the mouth
  3. c an innately reinforcing stimulus, such as one that satisfies a biological need
  4. d the initial stage in classical conditioning; the phase associating a neural stimulus with an unconditioned stimulus so that the neutral stimulus comes to elicit a conditioned response. in operant conditioning, the strengthening of a reinforced response
  5. e an event that decreases the behavior that it follows

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. in operant conditioning, a schedule of reinforcement that reinforces a response at unpredictable time intervals
  2. in operant conditioning, a schedule of reinforcement that reinforces a response only after a specified time has elapsed
  3. learning tht certain events occur together. the events may be two stimuli (as in classical conditioning) or a response and its consequences (as in operant conditioning)
  4. learning that occurs but is not apparent until there is an incentive to demonstrate it
  5. the process of observing and imitating a specific behavior

5 True/False questions

  1. generalizationthe tendency, once a response has been conditioned, for stimuli similar to the conditioned stimulus to elicit similar responses

          

  2. operant behaviorbehavior that operates on the environment, producing consequences

          

  3. classical conditioninga type of learning in which an organism comes to associate stimuli. a neutral stimulus that signals an unconditioned stiumlus (UCS) begins to produce a response that anticaipates and prepares for the unconditioned stimulus (also called Pavlovian conditioning)

          

  4. fixed-ratio schedulein operant conditioning, a schedule of reinforcement that reinforces a response only after a specified number of responses

          

  5. variable-ratio schedulein operant conditioning, a schedule of reinforcement that reinforces a response after an unpredictable number of responses.

          

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