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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. variable-ratio schedule
  2. shaping
  3. acquisition
  4. conditioned reinforcer
  5. punishment
  1. a in operant conditioning, a schedule of reinforcement that reinforces a response after an unpredictable number of responses.
  2. b the initial stage in classical conditioning; the phase associating a neural stimulus with an unconditioned stimulus so that the neutral stimulus comes to elicit a conditioned response. in operant conditioning, the strengthening of a reinforced response
  3. c a stimulus that gains its reinforcing power through its association with a primary reinforcer (also known as a secondary reinforcer)
  4. d an event that decreases the behavior that it follows
  5. e an operant conditioing procedure in which reinforcers guide behavior toward closer and closer approximation of a desired goal

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. an innately reinforcing stimulus, such as one that satisfies a biological need
  2. the tendency, once a response has been conditioned, for stimuli similar to the conditioned stimulus to elicit similar responses
  3. reinforcing a response only part of the time; results in slower acquisition of a response but much greater resistance to extinction than does continuous reinforcement
  4. in operant conditioning, a schedule of reinforcement that reinforces a response at unpredictable time intervals
  5. positive, constructive, helpful behavior. the opposite of antisocial behavior

5 True/False questions

  1. reinforcementan event that decreases the behavior that it follows

          

  2. learningan operant conditioing procedure in which reinforcers guide behavior toward closer and closer approximation of a desired goal

          

  3. spontaneous recoveryreinforcing the desired response every time it occurs

          

  4. condition stimulus (CS)in classical conditioning, a stimulus that unconditionally - naturally and automatically - triggers a response

          

  5. operant chamber ("skinner box")a chamber containing a bar or key that an animal can manipulate to obtain a food or water reinforcer, with attached devices to record the animal's rate of bar pressing or key pecking. used in operant conditioning research

          

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