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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. shaping
  2. conditioned reinforcer
  3. condition stimulus (CS)
  4. reinforcement
  5. unconditioned response (UCR)
  1. a in classical conditioning, an originally irrelevant stimulus that, after association with an unconditioned stimulus (UCS), comes to trigger a conditioned response.
  2. b in classical conditioning, the unlearned, naturally occurring response to the unconditioned stimulus (UCS), such as salivation when food is in the mouth
  3. c a stimulus that gains its reinforcing power through its association with a primary reinforcer (also known as a secondary reinforcer)
  4. d an operant conditioing procedure in which reinforcers guide behavior toward closer and closer approximation of a desired goal
  5. e in operant conditioning, any event that strengthens the behavior it follows

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. reinforcing the desired response every time it occurs
  2. positive, constructive, helpful behavior. the opposite of antisocial behavior
  3. an innately reinforcing stimulus, such as one that satisfies a biological need
  4. a chamber containing a bar or key that an animal can manipulate to obtain a food or water reinforcer, with attached devices to record the animal's rate of bar pressing or key pecking. used in operant conditioning research
  5. behavior that operates on the environment, producing consequences

5 True/False questions

  1. variable-ratio schedulein operant conditioning, a schedule of reinforcement that reinforces a response only after a specified number of responses


  2. variable-interval schedulein operant conditioning, a schedule of reinforcement that reinforces a response at unpredictable time intervals


  3. latent learninga relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due to experience


  4. partial (intermittent) reinforcementreinforcing a response only part of the time; results in slower acquisition of a response but much greater resistance to extinction than does continuous reinforcement


  5. respondent behaviorbehavior that opertes on the environment, producing consequences.


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