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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. observational learning
  2. operant behavior
  3. respondent behavior
  4. reinforcement
  5. cognitive map
  1. a in operant conditioning, any event that strengthens the behavior it follows
  2. b learning by observing others
  3. c a mental representation of the layout of one's evnironment. for example, after exploring a maze, rats act as if they have learned a cognitive map of it
  4. d behavior that operates on the environment, producing consequences
  5. e behavior that opertes on the environment, producing consequences.

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. in operant conditioning, a schedule of reinforcement that reinforces a response only after a specified number of responses
  2. in classical conditioning, a stimulus that unconditionally - naturally and automatically - triggers a response
  3. learning that occurs but is not apparent until there is an incentive to demonstrate it
  4. in classical conditioning, the unlearned, naturally occurring response to the unconditioned stimulus (UCS), such as salivation when food is in the mouth
  5. a type of learning in which an organism comes to associate stimuli. a neutral stimulus that signals an unconditioned stiumlus (UCS) begins to produce a response that anticaipates and prepares for the unconditioned stimulus (also called Pavlovian conditioning)

5 True/False Questions

  1. learninga relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due to experience

          

  2. fixed-interval schedulein operant conditioning, a schedule of reinforcement that reinforces a response only after a specified time has elapsed

          

  3. primary reinforceran innately reinforcing stimulus, such as one that satisfies a biological need

          

  4. condition stimulus (CS)in classical conditioning, a stimulus that unconditionally - naturally and automatically - triggers a response

          

  5. variable-interval schedulein operant conditioning, a schedule of reinforcement that reinforces a response only after a specified time has elapsed

          

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