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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. punishment
  2. cognitive map
  3. modeling
  4. conditioned reinforcer
  5. unconditioned response (UCR)
  1. a the process of observing and imitating a specific behavior
  2. b a stimulus that gains its reinforcing power through its association with a primary reinforcer (also known as a secondary reinforcer)
  3. c a mental representation of the layout of one's evnironment. for example, after exploring a maze, rats act as if they have learned a cognitive map of it
  4. d an event that decreases the behavior that it follows
  5. e in classical conditioning, the unlearned, naturally occurring response to the unconditioned stimulus (UCS), such as salivation when food is in the mouth

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. in operant conditioning, a schedule of reinforcement that reinforces a response only after a specified time has elapsed
  2. in operant conditioning, a schedule of reinforcement that reinforces a response only after a specified number of responses
  3. a type of learning in which an organism comes to associate stimuli. a neutral stimulus that signals an unconditioned stiumlus (UCS) begins to produce a response that anticaipates and prepares for the unconditioned stimulus (also called Pavlovian conditioning)
  4. in operant conditioning, any event that strengthens the behavior it follows
  5. a type of learning in which behavior is strengthened if followed by reinforcement or diminished if followed by punishment

5 True/False Questions

  1. variable-interval schedulein operant conditioning, a schedule of reinforcement that reinforces a response at unpredictable time intervals

          

  2. learningan operant conditioing procedure in which reinforcers guide behavior toward closer and closer approximation of a desired goal

          

  3. prosocial behaviorpositive, constructive, helpful behavior. the opposite of antisocial behavior

          

  4. respondent behaviorbehavior that operates on the environment, producing consequences

          

  5. extinctionthe initial stage in classical conditioning; the phase associating a neural stimulus with an unconditioned stimulus so that the neutral stimulus comes to elicit a conditioned response. in operant conditioning, the strengthening of a reinforced response

          

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