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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. continuous reinforcement
  2. punishment
  3. cognitive map
  4. spontaneous recovery
  5. condition stimulus (CS)
  1. a a mental representation of the layout of one's evnironment. for example, after exploring a maze, rats act as if they have learned a cognitive map of it
  2. b in classical conditioning, an originally irrelevant stimulus that, after association with an unconditioned stimulus (UCS), comes to trigger a conditioned response.
  3. c an event that decreases the behavior that it follows
  4. d reinforcing the desired response every time it occurs
  5. e the reappearance, after a rest period, of an extinguished conditioned response

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. the view that psychology (1) should be an objective science that (2) studies behavior without reference to mental processes. most research psychologists today agree with (1) but not with (2)
  2. in classical conditioning, the learned ability to distinguish between a conditioned stimulus and other stimuli that do not signal an unconditioned stimulus
  3. a stimulus that gains its reinforcing power through its association with a primary reinforcer (also known as a secondary reinforcer)
  4. the effect of promising a reward for doing what one already likes to do. the person ma now see the reward, rather than the intrinsic interest, as the motivation for performint the task
  5. the diminishing of a conditioned response; occurs in classical conditioning when an unconditioned stimulus (UCS) does not follow a conditioned stimulus (CS); occurs in operant conditioning when a response is no longer reinforced

5 True/False questions

  1. observational learninglearning by observing others


  2. classical conditioninga type of learning in which an organism comes to associate stimuli. a neutral stimulus that signals an unconditioned stiumlus (UCS) begins to produce a response that anticaipates and prepares for the unconditioned stimulus (also called Pavlovian conditioning)


  3. respondent behaviorbehavior that opertes on the environment, producing consequences.


  4. operant behaviorbehavior that operates on the environment, producing consequences


  5. operant chamber ("skinner box")behavior that operates on the environment, producing consequences


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