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Interpreting new sensory information within the framework of a past memory illustrates

top-down processing

The size of the difference threshold is greater for heavier objects than for lighter ones. This best illustrates

Weber's law

The central focal point in the retina where cones are heavily concentrated is known as the

fovea.

The phenomenon of blindsight best illustrates that visual information can be processed without

conscious awareness.

The hammer, anvil, and stirrup are three tiny bones that transmit vibrations to the

oval window.

The sensory experience of bending one's knees or raising one's arms exemplifies

kinesthesis.

Nociceptors initiate the sensation of

pain

The olfactory cortex is located in the

temporal lobe

Rules for organizing stimuli into coherent groups were first identified by

Gestalt psychologists

The distance between our right and left eyes functions to provide us with a cue for depth perception known as

retinal disparity

Railroad tracks appear to converge in the distance. This provides a cue for depth perception known as

linear perspective

A door casts an increasingly trapezoidal image on our retinas as it opens, yet we still perceive it as rectangular. This illustrates

shape constancy

After some practice, Carol was able to read books while holding them upside down. This best illustrates

perceptual adaptation

After hearing that Bryce had served a prison sentence, Janet began to perceive his friendly behavior as insincere and manipulative. This best illustrates the impact of

perceptual set

Racial and ethnic stereotypes can sometimes bias our perceptions of others' behaviors. This best illustrates the impact of

top-down processing.

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