MS. HG NOTE 100 CARDS
|• 1. people who expanded from Etruria||• Etruscans|
|2. form of government with right to vote for citizens||• republic|
|3. great landowners, ruling class||• patricians|
|4. group of craftsmen, merchants, small farmers||plebeians|
|5. Carthaginian general||• Hannibal|
|• 6. Rome's first code of laws was the||• Twelve Tables.|
|• 7. The Roman Senate was a select group of||• consuls.|
|• 8. Two consuls did all of the following EXCEPT||• judge cases involving non-citizens.|
|• 9. Romans excelled at all of the following EXCEPT||• pure democracy.|
|• 10. Rome defeated, then destroyed, Carthage in the||• Punic Wars.|
|• 1. the Eastern Roman Empire||the Byzantine empire|
|• 2. head of the Eastern Orthodox Church •||patriarch|
|3. separation •||schism|
|• 4. expeditions to regain the Holy Land||• Crusades|
|• 5. unbelievers||infidels|
| • 6. Byzantine emperor APalestine. |
Bthe Eastern Orthodox Church.
Cthe Seljuk Turks.
Alexius I asked Europeans for help against
|Cthe Seljuk Turks.|
| • 7. Until the twelfth century, Constantinople was all of the following EXCEPT |
AEurope's greatest commerce center.
C Bthe East-West trading center.
DEurope's largest city.
Ehome of the papacy
|Ehome of the papacy|
| 8. The Macedonian emperors expanded the Byzantine Empire to include all of the following EXCEPT |
| • 9. The Macedonians' rule was weakened by 1081 due to all of the following EXCEPT |
Ariots in Constantinople.
Ba schism with Roman Catholicism.
|Ariots in Constantinople|
| 10, Justinian's accomplishments include all of the following EXCEPT |
Awinning me Crusades.
Bbuilding Hagia Sophia.
Ccreating a written codeof laws.
Dbuilding underground reservoirs.
|Awinning me Crusades.|
|• 1. sun-centered model of the universe||heliocentric|
|3. law of universal attraction||gravity|
|4. His observations suggested that planets had substance.||galileo|
|• 5. He developed laws of planetary motion.||kepler|
| • 6. Francis Bacon's scientific method was all of the following EXCEPT |
Bbased on collecting and analyzing evidence,
Creliant on the use of ancient authorities.
Dcrucial to the evolution of science.
|C reliant on the use of ancient authorities.|
| • 7. Inductive reasoning involved which of the following?|
A. proceeding from the particular to the general
B. using ancient wisdom
C using Church authority to find truth
Dusing the Bible to prove ideas
|Aproceeding from the particular to the general|
|• 8. Rene" Descartes believed in one absolute truth,|| his own existence. |
|• 9. Rationalism is the belief that||• reason is the chief source of knowledge|
|• Francis Bacon, who developed the scientific methd was a||• philosopher.|
|1. philosophers, writers, economists, social reformers||philosophes|
|2. system of political limits and controls||separation of powers|
|3. to let (people) do (what they want)||laissez-faire|
|4. idea that God lets the universe run by its own laws||deism|
|5. allows for a society to be governed by its general will||social contract|
| 6. In The Wealth of Nations, Adam Smith gave all of the following roles to government EXCEPT |
A. protection (the army).
Bdefense (the police).
C. economics (the bank).
Dpublic works (roads and carols).
|C economics (the bank).|
| 7. Rousseau argued that society should be governed by which of the following |
A. the military
B. the church
C. a monarch
D. a social contract
|D a social contract|
| 8. Rousseau believed in all of the f oEowing EXCEPT "? |
A. balance of heart and mind.
B. rule by laws and government
|rule by laws and government|
|• 9. Diderot's Encyclopedia was used to||• attack religious superstition.|
| • 10. Montesquieu's ideas were used in which of the following?|
A. religious reform
B. the United States Constitution
C Ptolemy's geocentric model,
|Ptolemy's geocentric model,|
|• 1. combative||• militant|
|• 2. French grant of rights to Huguenots||Edict of Nantes|
|• 3. fleet of warships||• armada|
|• 4. named Elizabeth governor of church and state||Act of Supremacy •|
|5. anti-Huguenot party||• ultra-Catholics|
|• 6. When Henry of Navarre became Henry IV, he||• converted to Catholicism.|
| • 7. During the late Middle Ages, Spain did all of the following EXCEPT |
A. reconquer Muslim areas.
B. protect Catholicism.
C. expel the Jews.
D. invade England.
|• invade England.|
|• 8. One of the richest parts of Philip IPs empire was||• the Spanish Netherlands.|
| • 9. Elizabeth Tudor tried to do which of the following? |
A. avoid war with France and Spain
B. destroy Protestantism
C. provoke a war with France
D. give Catholics special rights and Spain
|• avoid war with France and Spain|
|• 10. The French kings of the sixteenth century managed to||• do Utile to stop the spread of Protestantism.|
|• 1. peasants legally bound to the land||• serfs|
|2. agricultural estate run by a lord||• manor|
|• 3. the opposite of a barter system||• money economy|
|• 4. city merchants and artisans||• burghers|
|• 5. craft business associations||• guilds|
| • 6. The population increased during the High Middle Ages for all of the following reasons EXCEPT |
A. increased peace and stability.
B. better food production
C. new technology.
D. more doctors
|• more doctors.|
| • 7. Agricultural improvements were the result of all of the following EXCEPT|
A. the heavy, wheeled plow.
B. The use of horses.
A. the two-field system
B. growth of farming village
|growm oi farming village|
|• 8. One function of craft guilds was to||• set quality standards.|
| • 9. Which of the following is NOT a part of the guild training system? |
| • 10. All of the following were goods that increased in availability due to the expansion of trade EXCEPT |
|• 1. territories in central Italy controlled by the pope||• Papal States|
|2. appointment of church officials by secular rulers||• lay investiture|
|3. Christian rites||• sacraments|
|4. Holy Office to deal with heretics||• Inquisition|
|5. objects connected with saints||• relics|
| • 6. All of the following were famous shrines associated with pilgrimages EXCEPT |
• the Concordat of Worms. Jerusalem.
• Santiago de Compostela
| 7)'. Which of the following was true of the Cistercians? |
• They developed a strict, spiritual order.
• They stayed in their monasteries.
• They thought the Benedictine order was overly strict.
• They joined the Franciscans to form the Dominicans.
|• They stayed in their monasteries|
| 8. Which of the following was true of the Franciscans? |
• They led a life of simplicity and poverty among the people.
• They defended the Church against heretics.
• They accepted female intellectuals.
• They were spiritual activists under Bernard of Clairvaux
|• They defended the Church against heretics|
| • 9. Convents were havens for all of the following EXCEPT |
• daughters without husbands, widows.
• female intellectuals.
• women merchants
|• women merchants|
| • 10. Pope Innocent III did all of the following EXCEPT |
• weaken the papacy.
• increase the Church's political power.
• force King Philip to take back his wife.
• use the interdict as a weapon
|• force King Philip to take back his wife.|
|1. rising prices||inflation|
|2. magic in traditional European village culture||Witchcraft|
|3. William and Mary's 1688 "invasion" of England||Glorious Revolution|
|4. parliamentary forces in the 1642 civil war||Roundheads|
|5. English Calvinist Protestant group||Puritans|
|6. James I of England strongly believed in||the divine right of kings.|
| 7. The civil war in England was a conflict between which of the following? |
A. Catholics and Puritans
B. peasants and nobles
C. Catholics and the Church of England
D. the king and Parliament
|D. the king and Parliament|
| 8. The Rump Parliament did all of the following EXCEPT |
A. behead Charles I.
B. restore Catholicism.
C. abolish the monarchy.
D. declare England a republic or commonwealth
|B. restore Catholicism.|
|9. William and Mary were offered the throne of England to|| prevent succession by a Catholic |
| 10. The BiU of Rights did all of the following EXCEPT |
A. abolish Parliament.
B. recognize Parliament's right to make laws.
C. prevent monarchs from raising armies.
D. recognize the right to jury trials.
|A. abolish Parliament|
|1. belief in the ability of humans to reason and improve themselves||Christian humanism|
|2. acceptance into heaven||Salvation|
|3. release from punishment for sin||Indulgence|
|4. Luther's attack on abuses of the Church||Holy Roman emperor|
|5. title held by Charles V||the Ninety-five Theses|
| 6. Charles V ruled all of the following lands EXCEPT |
the Austrian lands.
the Low Countries.
| The division of Christianity in Germany into Catholic and Lutheran states was recognized by which of the following? |
A. the Treaty of Rome
B. the Peace of Luther
C. the Peace of Augsburg
D. the Edict of Worms
|C. the Peace of Augsburg|
|Luther taught that||D. the selling of indulgences was wrong.|
|Luther taught that justification by faith (being made right before God) was||the central idea of Protestantism.|
|Erasmus taught that Christianity should||show people how to lead good lives.|
|the belief that God determined in advance who would be saved||predestination|
|2. the damned||B. the reprobate|
|3. declare a marriage invalid||A. annul|
|4. believers in adult baptism||C. Anabaptists|
|5. meetings that reaffirmed Catholic teachings||D. the Council of Trent|
| 6. King Henry VDI did all of the following EXCEPT |
conquer lands in France.
B. dissolve Catholic monasteries.
have Thomas More beheaded.
have his marriage to Catherine ruled "null and void."
|conquer lands in France|
|The Anabaptists believed that||church and state should be separate.|
| John Calvin believed in which of the following |
A. the sale of relics and indulgences
B. good works as the way to gain salvation
C.the "eternal decree" of an all-powerful God
D. the separation of church and state
|C.the "eternal decree" of an all-powerful God|
|9. Because Calvinists believed they were doing God's work, they||were determined to spread their faith to other people.|
| 10. Calvin's Consistory did all of the following EXCEPT |
A. punish people who misbehaved.
B. oversee Genevans' moral life and doctrinal purity.
C.maintain close ties with German princes.
D. operate as a court.
|C.maintain close ties with German princes|