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goal of zionism

the spiritual and political renewal of the Jewish people and ancestral homeland of the palestine; freedom from western anti-semitism

the collapse of what empire influenced the map of the modern world?

the ottoman empire

what did the british promise the Arabs?

the arabs could have a united arab homeland

Balfour declaration

promised a national home for the Jewish people in the palestine and announed british support for zionism

America won

oil rights in saudi arabia in 1933

UN partition plan- 1947

splits the palestine between the Arabs and the Jews- the jews accept, the arabs do not

what happened after israel declared its independence

the arabs attack the jews to kick them out of the palestine- the jews win

what did egypts president do in 1956

Abdul nasser takes back the suez canal

what was the main result of the 6 day war

the israelis take the west bank, gaza, sinai, and golan heights
the UN asks the israelis to give the land back

who was the leader of the PLO

Yasir arafat

who signed the peace agreement at Camp David in 1979

President Anwar Sadat of Egypt, President Jimmy Carter of the U.S., Prime minister Menachem Begin of Israel

What war began in October 1973

Yom Kippur war

what occured in the occuped territores from 1978- 1993

Palestinian Intifada

wht were the three dominant ethnic/ religious groups in Iraq

The sunni kurds, Sunni Arabs, Shi'ites

what group did saddam gas

the sunni kurds

where did Iraq invade in 1990

kuwait

what did the US led coalition decide NOT to do with saddam

we dont get rid of him- we leave him in charge after the war

what were the two main reasons to invade iraq in 2003

saddam kicked out U.N. weapon inspectors, thought he had weapons of mass destruction

two main sunni insurgent groups

Ba'athist members, al qaeda

what happened at the Abu Gharin prison in 2004

american soldiers took pictures of torturing prisoners

what happened to Prime Minister Mossadegh in 1953

was toppled in a coup aided by the America CIA

what was the goal of the new Shah

institues western reform and ties with the west, land reform, more women had more political power, massive government

what was the SAVAK

secret police to the shah

who led the Islamic revolution in 1979

Ayatollah Khomeini

what president lost because of the Iranian Hostage Situation

Jimmy Carter

what Shi'ite group in lebanon did Iran help create and fund

Hamas, Hezbollah

how long did the Iran- Iraq war last

8 years

what radical shi'ite leader in Iraq does Iran support

moqtada al-sadr

theocracy

goverment ruled by religion

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