World Cultures Final- China

37 terms by SunshineSinger 

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Beijing

Capital of China

Boxer Rebellion

uprising against foreign influence on religion, trade, and politics

Communists/Maoists

ant-revolutionist form of Marxist Communism

Confucianism

ethical/philosophical system from teacher Confucius

Deng Xiaping

attempted to improve China unsuccessfully

Four Modernizations

campaign to improve agriculture, industry, science, and technology, and national defense

Emperor Qin Shi Huangdi

First emperor, China gets its name from him, Great Wall built under his command, currency, Terra-Cotta Warriors

Extraterritoriality

treaty of Nanking, British-over China

Filial Piety

Respect for ancestors

Footbinding

Smaller feet would result in a better marriage

Great Wall

Built to keep the Mongols out

Hong Kong

British colony until 1997

Hu Jintao

Current president of China

Ideograph

Symbol used to express an idea or concept

Imperialism of China

other countries with spheres of influence in China

Kowtow

States that foreigners must bow to Chinese

Legalism

Belief that states people are bad and only laws can make them good

Loesse

Yellow clay/dirt/sand from the Yellow River

Mandate of Heaven

States that the lucky rule the country.... too bad for the unlucky...

Mao Zedong

1st communist ruler of China

Great Leap Forward

The industrialization of China under Mao Zedong

Mongols

invaded China

Nationalists/ Kuomintang/ Guomindong

Pushed for modernization and nationalization (three possible answers)

Opium Wars

Started over Britain selling opium to the Chinese

Porcelain

wanted by westerners from China- especially during the Ming dynasty

President Richard Nixon

Established diplomatic relations with China, the first to visit China

Shanghai

Slaughter of communists

Silk Road

land trade route

Special Economic Zones (SEZ)

foreign companies in certain areas of a country (In this case, China...)

Spheres of Influence

other countries control parts of China

Gentry

nobles and government workers

Sun Yatsen

created Chinese Nationalism

Taoism/ Daoism

Balance (Ying and Yang) the go-with-the-flow concept

Chinese Civil War

Nationalists vs. Communists

The Long March

Communists walk 6000 miles to escape the Nationalists

Tiananmen Square

A student protest where the government reacted harshly and violently (June 4)

Chiang Kaishek

member of Kuomintang, ally of Sun Yatsen

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