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<p>Ccri markward summer </p>

Which was not a baroque keyboard instrument

Piano

Affections in baroque usage refers to

Emotional states or moods of music

In the baroque period, the ordinary citizen's opportunities for hearing music usually came from the

Church

Soprano and alto

Were genereally sung by boys in the baroque period

In Italy, music schools (such as vivaldi's) were often connected with

Orphanages

The structure of the concerto most offer consists of how many movements

2

A ritornello form

Tutti and solo sections alternate

In a concerto, the second movement is most often

The quietest and most lyrical

A polyphonic composition based on one main theme that occurs in a very structured series of entrances is known as

Fugue

In many fugues, the subject in one voice is accompanied by an _________ in another voice

Countersubject

The instrumentation in a baroque orchestra typically included

Strings, oboe, bassoons, and harpsichord

The school at which Vivaldi taught, the pieta, was a school for

Orphan girls that were music students

Vivaldi is best known for his

Concertos

Most of vivaldi's concertos feature three movements in the following order of tempo

Fast, slow, fast

Vivaldi was a

Violinist, composer, and teacher

Bach's contributions include

Instrumental music and sacred vocal music

The well-tempered clavier is

A collection of 48 preludes and fugues: two in each major and minor key

The chorale was a

Multi-movement sacred work for chorus, vocal soloist, and orchestra

Why did Bach write so many cantatas

The cantata texts referred to bible readings for specific Sundays and holidays

The cantata typically lasted about

25 mins

The oratorio differs from opera in that it has no

Acting, scenery, costumes

The topic of an oratorio is usually

Biblical stories

Oratorios are typically performed in

Churches

Oratorios first appeared in seventeenth-century Italian prayer hall known as

Oratorios

The most popular oratorio today is

Handels messiah

Handels messiah is an example of

An oratorio

Handel lived in

Italy, Germany, and England

Handels oratorios are usually based on

The bible

Gregorian chant texture

Monophonic

The first steps toward the development of polyphony were taken sometime between 700 and 900, when

Monks in monastery choirs began to add a second melodic line to gregorian chant

The center of polyphonic music in Europe after 1150 was

Paris

Gregorian chant

All of the above

The French secular songs of the middle ages usually dealt with

All of the above

Which is not an instrument of the middle ages

Ronglue

Medieval music that consists of gregorian chant and one or note additional melodic lines is called

Organum

The dark ages were

Times when barbarian tribes overran much of Europe

The preservers of culture during the dark ages were

Monasteries and convents

Music when many notes are used for one syllable is

Melismatic

A monet is

A polyphonic vocal composition

Rhythm in the music of the middle ages is often

A repeated pattern like long-short

The texture of renaissance music is chiefly

Polyphonic

Much of the instrument music composed during the renaissance was intended for

Dancing

The dominant intellectual movement of the renaissance was called

Humanism

The term "a Capella" refers to

Unaccompanied choral music

Palestrina's career centered in

Rome

The renaissance madrigal became popular in

Italy and England

Renaissance madrigals were usually sung by

Amateur musicians in homes

The mass setting has five main parts called

The ordinary

Word painting refers to

Music reflects the text, such as ascending lines on "climbing"

Palestrina's music included

A and B

a series of single tones which add up to a recognizable whole

Melody

a resting place at the end of a phrase

cadence

the emotional focal point of a melody

climax

the repetition of a melodic pattern at a higher or lower pitch

sequence

playing or singing a melody in a smooth, connected style

legato

a melody that serves as the starting point for a more extended piece of music

theme

A short, detached style of playing a melody

staccato

A combination of three or more tones sounded at the same time

chord

the ways chords are constructed and how they follow each other

harmony

5th step in a triad

dominant chord

dissonant chord moving to a consonant chord

resolution

adds support, depth, and richness to a melody

harmony

the individual tones of a chord are sounded one after another instead of simultaneously

arpeggio

the ending chord of a composition

tonic chord

a series of chords

progression

degrees of loudness and softness in music

dynamics

the relative highness or lowness of a sound

pitch

the distance between the lowest and highest tones a voice or instrument can produce

pitch range

soft, very soft, loud, very loud, moderate

piano, pianissimo, forte, fortissimo, mezzo

the distance in pitch between any two tones

interval

the frequency of vibrations is measured in

cycles per second

a gradual increase in loudness

crescendo

a tone that is eight diatonic degrees above or below another given tone

octave

a sound that has a definite pitch

tone

an are based on the organization of sound in time

music

is an example of strict imitation

a round

melody with a harmony

homophonic texture

single melodic line without accompaniment

monophonic texture

performance of a single melodic line by more than one instrument or voice is described as playing or singing in

unison

the technique of combinging serveral melodic lines into a meaningful whole

counterpoint

retaining some features of a musical idea while changing others

variation

the organization of musical ideas in time

form

the form consisting of a musical statement followed by a counterstatement

binary

the regular, recurrent pulsation in music is

beat

the way rhythm is ordered flow of music

time

slowest tempo

andante

when the accent falls on a normally weak beat or part of the beat

syncopation

meters with an odd number of beats in the measure like quintuple or septuple meter are most commonly in

20th century music

when individual notes are stressed by being played louder or longer than surrounding notes they are said to have

an accent

the organization of beats into regular groups

meter

a central tone, scale, and chord (aka tonality)

key

thesmallest interval between successive tones of a scale

half step

a shift from one key to another within thesame composition

modulation

the central tone around which a musical composition is organized

tonic

all of the above

texture

a technique where a melodic idea is presented by one voice or instrument and then restated immediately by another voice or instrument

imitation

two or more melodies of equal interest are performed simultaneously

polyphonic

baroque texture is typically

monophonic

a piece where a soloist is pitter against a larger group of players

concerto

percussion

tambourine, cymbals, timpani, bass drum, snare drum, celeste, xylophone

strings

violin, viola, cello, string bass

woodwinds

flute, oboe, clarinet, bassoon

brass

trumpet, french horn, trombone, tuba

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