American Psychology Association founded in 1953 has the power to sanction psychologists, revoke licenses, track records, expel psychologists from foundation and recommend psychologists be removed from insurance boards.
APA Code - Preamble
Psychologists should be committed to improving self-understanding, conditions and to protecting civil and human rights.
APA Code - General Principles
4. Respect of Rights and Dignity
APA Code - Standards
1. Resolve Ethical Issues
3. Human Relations
4. Privacy & Confidentiality
6. Record Keeping & Fees
7. Education & Training
8. Research & Publications
1990s, Harmful Dysfunction Theory
Greek's. Blood, Black Bile, Phlegm, Yellow Bile
Does the tool measure what it is supposed to?
Is the tool consistent across time, participants and assessors?
Is the tool going to help the therapist help the patient? It is useful for therapy?
SCID. Ask a set list of basic questions to be sure the basics are covered.
more conversational, ask questions that are meaningful to the flow of conversation
Mental Status Exam
"snapshot" of the clients mental and physical state
Establish rapport quickly, assess and move into intervention
Projective Personality Tests
based in the psychodynamic theory, there is an underlying cause to the problem.
Rorschach Inkblot Test
1921, Projective test
Thematic Apperception Test, client is asked to tell a story based on a picture
1940's, Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory
1990's, five factor model
Consider function of the behavior
Naturalistic vs Lab Observation
Real life vs in a lab
Act out scenes to change a behavior
BDI, self report