5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- William Harvey
- stamp act
- Baron de Montesquieu
- Joseph II
- Isaac Newton
- a Determined that heart pumps blood, which circulates through body
- b Discovered gravity, laws of motion, calculus
- c A tax that the British Parliament placed on newspapers and official documents sold in the American Colonies
- d most aggressive reformer of his era; radical royal reformer of Austria; introduced legal reforms, freedom of the press, supported freedom of worship (even Protestants, Orthodox Christians, and Jews); ordered that peasants be paid for their labor with cash.
- e Believed government should have separation of powers, wrote The Spirit of the Laws : developed the idea of the separation of powers into three branches of government
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- Believed in reform of the criminal justice system
- Believed all people have a right to life, liberty, and property
- Informal social gatherings at which writers, artists, philosophes, and others exchanged ideas
- government in which the power is divided between the national government and the states
- Government should be a contract between rulers and people
5 True/False Questions
popular sovereignty → The concept that political power rests with the people who can direct their government. People express themselves through voting and free participation in government
Voltaire → Informal social gatherings at which writers, artists, philosophes, and others exchanged ideas
Social contract → An agreement between rulers and the people, the notion that society is based on an agreement between government and the governed in which people agree to give up some rights in exchange for the protection of others
laissez faire → Believed in freedom of religion; separation of church and state; he admired the English freedom of the press, and religious toleration. He criticized France because of its royal absolutism and lack of freedom of thought.
natural law → A law based on reason that applies to all people regardless of class or station.