The old order before the Revolution in France
spending more than is being taken in
financial expert of Louis XVI, he advised Louis to reduce court spending, reform his government, abolish tariffs on internal trade, but the First and Second Estates got him fired
list of grievances drawn up by delegates going to the meeting of the estates general
The political prison and armory stormed on July 14, 1789, by Partisian city workers alarmed by the king's concentration of troops at Versailles, a great fortress in Paris that stood as a symbol of royal tyranny.
Tennis Court oath
Declaration mainly by members of the Third Estate not to disband until they had drafted a constitution for France (June 20, 1789).
people who disagree with official religious or political opinions
queen of France (as wife of Louis XVI) who was unpopular her extravagance and opposition to reform contributed to the overthrow of the monarchy; she was guillotined along with her husband (1755-1793)
Olympe de Gouges
French journalist who published the declaration of rights of women and the female citizens.
Constitution of 1791
limited monarch, natural rights, RCC under control of govt., all 3 estates have equal power in government, National Assembly becomes Legislative Assembly, absolute monarchy is abolished.
French nobles who fled from France during the peasant uprisings. They were very conservative and hoped to restore the king to power.
urban workers "those without knee breeches"
revolutionary political club. Mostly middle class lawyers or intellectuals
a political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them
government practice of spending more than it takes in from taxes
The panic and insecurity that struck French peasants in the summer of 1789 and led to their widespread destruction of manor houses and archives.
declaration of the rights of man
Statement of fundamental political rights adopted by the French National Assembly at the beginning of the French Revolution.
reign of terror
It was established by the government on Sept. 5, 1793, to take harsh measures against those suspected of being enemies of the Revolution (including nobles, priests, and hoarders). It was controlled by the radical Committee of Public Safety and Maximilien Robespierre,
a strong feeling of pride in and devotion to one's country
Napoleon's efforts to block foreign trade with England by forbidding Importation of British goods Into Europe.
hit-and-run raids that distracted the French in Spain