animal attached to mother by vascular nutrient system
animal egg is in a layer
human (type of mammal)
animal develops in a pouch
sea star ( V or I )
toad ( V or I )
clam ( V or I )
salamander ( V or I )
Ascaris (tape worm) V or I
have a lateral line system
nematocysts (stinging cells)
have a constant body temperature
have thick scaly skin
have a very extensive and efficient air sac system
this fish is bony
this fish is jawless
this fish is cartilaginous
enables a species to resemble another species (flies and yellow jackets)
enables a species to blend with its surroundings (chameleon)
change you cannot see (MSRA resistance)
favors the average population (brunettes and blondes are average and redheads are extremes)
favors a specific directions (one extreme) (the beak of a bird)
favors extremes of the population (both extremes) (two new species)
(forelimbs of whales, crocs, and bird wings)
(insect wings and bird wings)
appendix in the human
amino acid sequences (human and chimps 98% of the same amino acids)
earliest stage of development; embryos look similar (tail and gill slits can be seen in fish) (birds and rabbits and mammals)
the fossil record is...
affects smaller populations much more than it does larger populations
populations evolve; NOT ...
survival of the fittest
a means of natural selection conceived of as a struggle for life in which only those organisms best adapted to existing conditions are able to survive and reproduce
refers to the alteration of genetic equilibrium by chance
the percentage of any specific allele in the gene pool
the change in chromosome number that results in the evolution of a particular species
the evolution of a new species occurs when members of a similar populations no longer interbreed to produce fertile offspring within their environment
separation (can be caused by natural things of species such as hurricanes)
chromosomes are too different to reproduce
the passing on of characteristics from parents to offspring
the way a person looks, physical expression (tall or short)
the genetic makeup (Tt TT or tt)
the alternative form of the gene (T or t)
mendel cross pollinated the pea plants to see what would happen to the ...
the condition where both alleles of a pair are alike (TT or tt)
the condition where both alleles of a pair are different (Tt)
cross between individuals that involves one trait like shape only- round/ wrinkle
cross between individuals that involve two traits at the same time like shape and color (round/ wrinkle or yellow/ green)
a short pea plant would be..
TT or Tt
a tall pea plant could be..
masks the effects of the recessive
all of the plants were tall in the F1 generation
what happened when Mendel crossed a tall and short pea plant? (TT X tt)
the human body cells are
sex cells (gametes) are
number of chromosome sets
22 of 23 chromosomes are
a random change in DNA sequence
Tay Sachs disease
simple autosomal recessive (Tt X Tt)
pink snap dragons
incomplete dominance (R'R' X RR)
simple autosomal dominance
blue and chocolate colored pigeons
tongue rolling, hitchhikers thumb, hapsburg lip
Hemophilia is this type of blood disease
down syndrome is known as
DNA is (double or single) stranded
RNA is (double or single) stranded
messenger, transfer, and ribosomal
three types of RNA are
the mRNA has a
the tRNA has a
contains ribose sugar and uracil
contains deoxyribose (sugar) and does not have uracil
a naturalist who came up with nautral selection, a mechanism for the change in the population
"the father of genetics"
created the punnett square
watson and crick
first to describe the double helix structure of DNA
your tailbone is known as your...
number of bones in the body
the building blocks of proteins
the organ that makes bile and detoxifies harmful substances
number of permanent teeth in the mouth
the large intestines function is to...
chemical digestion involves the use of
amylase trypsin and lipase
the pancreas makes these three enzymes
protein digestion begins in the
bile is stored in the
duodenum and jejunum
nutrient absorption takes place in the (2 small intestine parts)
carbohydrate digestion begins in the
lipase and bile
lipids are digested by the action of
the correct order of the large intestines is
the flap of cartilage that prevents food from entering the respiratory tract
the aorta is
the pulmonary vein is
the left atrium is
the left ventricle is
the aortic valve is
the bicuspid (mitral) valve is
the vena cava is
the pulmonary artery is
the right atrium is
the right ventricle is
the pulmonic valve is
the tricuspid valve is
transmit nerve impulses from other cells or sensory systems
provide for the transmission of nerve impulses Away from the cell body
increases the speed of impulses and is made up of lipids
activates the dendrites and passes information and is located in the synapse
where does thyroxine come from?
where does cortisol come from?
anterior pituitary gland
where does the growth hormone come from?
where does parathyroid hormone come from?
where does estrogen come from?
which gland is the master gland?
which gland secretes hormones that regulate your blood glucose
which gland secretes a hormone that lowers calcium levels?
which gland secretes a hormone that helps your immune system?
a leaf- like flower organ at the top of the flower stem
What is a petal?
Receives the pollen
What does the stigma do?
Stalk that connects the stigma to the ovary in which ovules grow
what is the style
the bottom portion of a flower's pistil that contains one or more ovules each containing one egg
what is the ovary
the flower stem
what is the peduncle
leaf- like, green structure that encircles the top of a flower stem below the petals
what is a sepal
outermost whorl of a flower that contains sepals
what is the calyx
think stalk that produces pollen
what is filament
produces pollen and is at the top of the flower's stamen
similar ancestral background with perhaps the same functions
may not have the same ancestral background but their functions are the same