founder of the Incas, declares himself Sapa Inca, had a system of roads and runners
Lives of Incas
Terrace farming and polytheistic
Led by Prince Henry "The Navigator" Vasco De Gama is the first person to reach India by sailing around Africa.
Columbus wants to reach the Indies by sailing west, Columbus reaches the Indies, Queen Isabella wants to spread Christianity.
Spain vs. Portugal
Pope Alexander sets the line of demarcation, which divides the new world.
First person credited to circumnavigate.
Searches for Tenoctitlan with the help of Malinche. Becomes Allies with the enemies of the Aztecs. Friendship with Aztec king Montezuma becomes violent
becomes allies with the enemies of the Incas. Kills Atahuapla and conquers the Incan empire.
Phillip the 2nd
main goal was to advance spanish catholic power in Europe. Was an absolute ruler. Believed his right to rule came from god. Fought many wars to achieve his goals
Charles the 1st
Acts as an absolute ruler. imprisons enemies without trial. Wants money so he asks parliment to raise taxes. Parliment will only help if he signs the petition of right. After he gets his money he gets rid of parliment.
English Civil War
war involving the cavaliers and roundheads. Cavaliers support Charles the 1st and Roundheads support Oliver Cromwell. Roundheads win thanks to support of the average citizen.
Medieval state in the late 1600's, Until Peter the Great came to power.
Peter the Great
set out to modernize Russia. Was impressed by western ways. Started westernization in Russia. Brought the Russian Orthodox church under his control. Adopted mercantilist policies. He imported technology, improved schools and canals, and developed new industries.
Peter the Great's Goals
Strengthen the military, expand Russia's borders, and centralize Royal power. He also wanted a warm water port to increase trade.
Thinker that believed all people are born good. People are born with the rights of life, liberty, and property. People form a government to protect their rights.
Thinker that believed people are born evil. Their must be an absolute monarch to control the people.
thinker that spoke about checks and balances(3 branches).
Thinker that believed people were naturally good and society is what makes people evil. Government should be based on the consent of the governed. Believed in General Will.
Thinker that defended the freedom of thought/speech. Was against slave trade and had religious toleration.
Louis the 14th
under him ties between the middle class and monarchy were strengthened. The French army became the strongest in Europe. Built a palace at Versailles. Revoked the Edict of Nantes and he spent a lot of resources on wars to extend french borders.
Jean Baptiste Colbert
followed mercantilist policies to bolster economy and promote trade.
Edict of Nantes
the law granting religious and civil liberties to the French Protestants, promulgated by Henry IV in 1598 and revoked by Louis XIV in 1685