The mass production of finished goods from raw materials using advanced technology.
machine that could spin several threads at once
Scottish engineer and inventor whose improvements in the steam engine led to its wide use in industry (1736-1819)
He memorized the way that the British made machines and he brought the idea to America. He made our first cotton spinning machine.
an American inventor who developed the cotton gin. Also contributed to the concept of interchangeable parts that were exactly alike and easily assembled or exchanged
identical components that can be used in place of one another in manufacturing
machine that produced a more efficient way to get the seeds out of cotton, and expanded southern development
a document granting an inventor sole rights to an invention
American inventor who designed the first commercially successful steamboat and the first steam warship (1765-1815)
a human-made waterway.
The process of making a raw material into a finished product; especially in large quantities.
fabrics that are woven or knitted; material for clothing
Free Enterprise (capitalism)
economic system in which individuals and businesses are allowed to compete for profit with a minimum of government interference
money invested in a business venture with an expectation of income, and recovered through earnings generated by the business over several years
living in or characteristic of farming or country life
located in or characteristic of a city or city life
poorly built, overcrowded housing where many immigrants lived
a term given to southern U.S. farmers who dominated the cotton industry throughout the world.
Allowed Missouri to enter the union as a slave state, Maine to enter the union as a free state, prohibited slavery north of latitude 36˚ 30' within the Louisiana Territory (1820)
southern region in US where most of the cotton is grown
5th President of the United States
A statement of foreign policy which proclaimed that Europe should not interfere in affairs within the United States or in the development of other countries in the Western Hemisphere.
Refers to the presidential election of 1824 in which Henry Clay, the Speaker of the House, convinced the House of Representatives to elect Adams rather than Jackson.
the system of employing and promoting civil servants who are friends and supporters of the group in power
Tariff of 1828
The federal government reduced the protective Tariff of 1816, but South Carolina wanted the tariff lowered to pre-1816 rates. This led to a confrontation between the federal government and South Carolina and almost led to a civil war.
(v.) to make of no value or consequence, cancel, wipe out
Indian Removal Act
law passed in 1830 that forced many Native American nations to move west of the Mississippi River to territory in present day Oklahoma
Worcester v. Georgia
Supreme Court Decision - Cherokee Indians were entitled to federal protection from the actions of state governments which would infringe on the tribe's sovereignty - Jackson ignored it
the act of abolishing a system or practice or institution (especially abolishing slavery)
United States abolitionist born a slave on a plantation in Maryland and became a famous conductor on the Underground Railroad leading other slaves to freedom in the North (1820-1913) buy moving slaves ultimatley to Canada
WIlliam Lloyd Garrison
1805-1879. Prominent American abolitionist, journalist and social reformer. Editor of radical abolitionist newspaper "The Liberator", and one of the founders of the American Anti-Slavery Society.
greatest of the black abolitionists, former slave, orator and US minister to Haiti
a system of secret routes used by escaping slaves to reach freedom in the North or in Canada