the working middle class that emerged in France that the higher classes dislike.
an execution machine used to become a more humane way to kill a man. became the face of the rebellion
Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette
were the king and Queen of France during rev'ln and were later executed by the guillotine. They both spent too much money
lead the bloody reign of terror. in 1792 he became the "mountain party" leader which was the most radical group in the National Convention. He tried to overthrow the King and he wanted respect from the people so he killed them or put them in jail if they went against his ideas.
tennis court oath
an oath that was made so that the estates would make a constitution.
was a march of women who were demanding bread for their families and marched towards Versailles. The King agreed to meet some of them and distibuted all the bread to the crowd.
Declaration of the rights of man
a list of rights for the average every man involving freedom, equality and ferturnity. this was made to try to make the government less corrupt. it was a terrible loss
is an economic system in which the means of production are public or commonly owned or operated.
had Marxist ideas and was a communist government. lead by Lenin and he was the leader of it during the rev'ln
was a bolshevik and was liked by Lenin. when Lenin died it was between him or Stalin to become leader. Stalin did instead and he went into exhile and was later assisinated.
was the last Czar in Russia. he was very violent and tried to put fear inbto the people. also, he was an ineffective leader.
january 1905. unarmed peaceful protesters protesting against Czar Nicholas II. were gunned down by the imperial government.
-Czar Nicholas II abdicates
-Bolsheviks v. Menshiviks
-new government starts communism/new country USSR
-Lenin and trotsky take the lead.
-Bolsheviks seize power/original government is out
-communism cheka is created.
-treaty of brest
russian soldiers under the bosheviks that made up the "red army"