Final Exam: Unit 7. Nationalism and Conflict
|Identify the origins of "the troubles" in Northern Ireland||-The Protestants or Unionists wanted the British to maintain control in Northern Ireland.|
-The Catholics or Nationalists wanted to escape British rule and become an Irish Republic.
-The RUC was created to control the Catholic community.
-The IRA was formed by the Catholics to fight against the RUC and other protestants.
|Ulster||A historic division of Ireland located in the northeastern part of the island. It was part of the United Kingdom although it was in Ireland.|
|Ulster Defense Force|| -Formed in September of 1971|
-Their goal was to defend unionist arreas from attack and to counter Irish Republican Paramilitaries.
-They wanted to remain under British rule.
-"Law Before Violence", was the motto of The Ulster Defense Force.
|Irish Republican Army, IRA||An unofficial paramilitary organization. They were seeking independence for Ireland and to become a true Irish Republic; they participated in a series of attacks on British officers and wanted to take out the Protestants.|
|Bloody Sunday||A massacre taht occurred on January 30,1972, in Londonderry, Northern Ireland. Bloody Sunday started peaceful, but illegal. Part of the crowd went to a near barricade of British Army Troops. The Protestors then threw stones at the troops. The British army troops then responded by shooting at the crowd. This ended up killing 14 people, and wounded many others.|
|Bombing Campaign||-The bombing campaign took place from 1970 to 1997.|
-The campaign was set up by the IRA
-The goal of the campaign was to scare the British and force them out of Northern Ireland.
-Most of the bombings that happened killed many civilians.
-In the end, the Bombings killed 1,775 people, and wounded more than 20,000 others.