Oedipus Terms/Greek Theater

24 terms by wontonS 

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Anti-Hero

a central character in a narrative or dramatic work (the protagonist) who lacks the qualities of nobility and courage expected of traditional heroes, an ineffectual failure (NOT to be confused with the antagonist or villain)

Catharsis

confession, release

Tragic Hero

A man better than ourselves but not perfect
Flaw - tragic flaw or hamartia
Must face destiny with courage + nobility of spirit Tragedy stresses vulnerability
Genre not totally pessimistic

Hamartia

tragic flaw

Hubris

excessive pride or arrogance

Dionysus

Greek god, son of Zeus (also called Bacchus)
Wild and ecstatic religious rites
Later - god of wine, lose inhibitions, creativity

Thespis ( ~ thespian)

said to have introduced an actor in 6 century BC

Aeschylus (525-456 BC)

added actors first increased the number of the actors from 1to 2 and reduced the role of the chorus, giving first place to the dialogue

Sophocles (496-406 BC)

added a 3rd actor fixed the chorus at 15

Theatron - {to view as a spectator}

Area in which the audience sat. Shaped like a horseshoe (first row was thrones, where the VIPS sat)

Orchestra

Great circular ground level place where chorus dances At the center was Thymele, an altar to Dionysus

Paradoi

entrances on either side {two ramps on the sides of the stage}

Skene

scene building - had three doors (dressing room, background - could be temple, palace, etc.)

Proscenium

one step higher, level of skene, where most of the action took place

Prologue {"fore speech"}

preliminary statement that introduces subject matter an introductory speech that draws attention to the theme and gives background to the story (read before the first scene)

Parodos

entrance song of the chorus chanting lyric which has direct bearing on the theme of the play

Episode

act or scene, part where plot is developed (usually 4-5)

Ode

it was blank on the guide....

Strophe

E -> W, chorus

Antistrophe

W -> E

Exodos

the final action after the last stasimon, epilogue or final scene

Tragedy

Tragic hero" suffers from some serious misfortune which is not accidental and therefore meaningless, but is significant - misfortune is logically related to the hero's actions. Often deals with serious circumstances and ending in unhappy catastrophePurpose: arouse emotion - catharsis

Drama

Greek word for "Action," religious, entertainment

Choragos

main/leader of chorus, specific member

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