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Which of the following athletes would benefit from using a sports drink to meet their hydration need?

A marathon runner

You can find fructose naturally in the following foods

Fruits and Vegetables

Peggy Sue's doctor has just informed her that she has type 2 diabetes. Which of the following would be recommended for Peggy Sue?

She should start a low carbohydrate diet immediately

In the body, the major storage sites for glycogen are the

Liver and muscle

Which of the following carbohydrates is the end product of photosynthesis?

Glucose

The four characteristics of a healthful diet are adequacy, balance, moderation, and

variety

Vitamin K's primary role in the body is:

Blood clotting

Found in liver and skeletal muscle cells, what is the storage form of glucose in animals?

Glycogen

In the human body, proteins are found:

In bones
In blood
In muscle

After a meal, which hormone is responsible for moving glucose into body cells

Insulin

Excess sodium in the diet causes what in some individuals

High blood pressure

Which are pancreatic hormones

Insulin and glucagon

Which of the following is associated with diets high in sugars?

Diabetes
Tooth decay
Hyperactivity

Which of the following is a disease caused by a lack of Vitamin C

scurvy

Water is composed of what elements?

Oxygen and hydrogen

Which organ is primarily responsible for maintaining fluid balance?

Kidneys

Which of the following groups are most vulnerable to dehydration

Infants and the elderly

Which of the following would be the best fluid replacement for events lasting longer than one hour?

Sports drink

In which of the following events would carbohydrate loading be the most beneficial?

marathon

What is the primary reason we sweat?

To regulate body temperature

The B vitamins include

Niacin, thiamin, and B12

Which of the following are characteristics of Vitamin D?

Fat soluble
Helps maintain healthy bones
Is sometimes called the sunshine vitamin

Taking daily megadoses of which of the following nutrients may cause death

Vitamin A

Which organ in the body is most affected by chronic alcohol abuse?

Liver

Which of the following major nutrients has 9 Kcal/gram of energy

lipids

A well planned vegetarian diet can reduce the risk of all the following chronic diseases EXCEPT

anemia

Foods high in sugar promote all of the following EXCEPT

scurvy

When glucose and fructose are bonded together they form

Sucrose

Diets high in trans fatty acids are associated with

Increased blood cholesterol levels

Which of the following is not a fat soluble vitamin

Vitamin B

Which of the following is not a sugar substitute

Brown sugar

Which of the following would be the best fluid replacement for events lasting longer than one hour?

sports drink

In which of the following events would carbohydrate loading be the most beneficial

marathon

What is the primary reason we sweat?

To regulate body temperature

The B vitamins include

Niacin, thiamin, and B12

Which of the following are characteristics of Vitamin D?

Fat soluble
Helps maintain healthy bones
Is sometimes called the sunshine vitamin

Taking daily megadoses of which of the following nutrients may cause death

Vitamin A

Which vitamin can be found in oranges and peppers

Vitamin C

This vitamin is most closely associated with blood clotting

Vitamin K

The B vitamins

Act as coenzymes
Help in blood formation
DNA replication

The six groups of nutrients found in foods are:

Vitamins, fats, minerals, protein, water, carbohydrates

The Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommends which of the following?

Being physically active each day.

Which is a good source of trustworthy information about nutrition?

The American Dietetic Association

A fat soluble vitamin is

Vitamin A

All of the following are groups in My Pyramid EXCEPT:

fiber

All of the following are groups of health professionals who provide reliable and accurate nutritional information EXCEPT:

nutritionist

Carbohydrates are one of the three macronutrients, what are the other 2?

a and c

Plants make glucose using a process called

Photosynthesis

Carbohydrates contain 3 elements

Carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen

All of the following are monosacchrides EXCEPT:

Sucrose

Sucrose is made up of the following simple sugars

Glucose and Fructose

Animals including humans store glucose as

Glycogen

What is not digested for nutrients in the human body

fiber

Humans store glycogen in the body in

Muscles
Bones

Kernels of grain consist of three parts:

Bran, endosperm, germ

The germ is rich in fats and vitamins, which vitamin might be found in the germ?

vitamin E

If a person is lactose intolerant they cannot digest

milk

Three types of cells can only use glucose as an energy source and they are:

Brain, nerves, and red blood cells

Two hormones regulate blood glucose levels in the blood and they are:

Insulin and glucagon

In hypoglycemia blood glucose levels are

Lower than normal

Too many refined carbohydrates can cause all of the following EXCEPT:

Osteoporosis

What is edema?

A fluid imbalance that results in swelling of the tissues

All of the following can decrease the risk for Type 2 diabetes EXCEPT:

Use honey instead of sugar

Which agency monitors all confirmed cases of food borne illness?

cdc

Which of the following is associated with type 2 diabetes?

Obesity

Which of the following is NOT a nutrient?

alcohol

A diet low in fiber is associated with an increased risk of developing

Diverticulitis

Most nutritionists recommend not eating fast food more than once a month

true

McDonald's calls people who eat a lot of their food "heavy users

true

Only seven items on McDonald's entire menu contain no sugar

true

You would have to walk for seven hours straight to burn off a Super Sized Coke, fry and Big Mac

true

French fries are the most eaten vegetable in America

true

Chemical pesticides can cause cancer

true

Industrial farms are not dangerous for their workers, do not pollute surrounding communities, are safe to our food system and contribute nothing to global warming.

false

High calorie, sugar laden processed foods coupled with our sedentary lifestyles is growing our waistlines and contributing to serious health issues like diabetes, heart ailments and cancers

true

None of our most important staple foods have been fundamentally altered

false

In Food, Inc. we meet Barbara Kowalcyk, whose 2 year old son, Kevin, died from E.coli poisoning after eating a hamburger.

true

Did you know that the average food product travels about 50 miles to get to your grocery store?

false

Sustainable foods can be found in your community by purchasing organic and/or locally grown produce and products.

true

One-tenth of children and adolescents are overweight or obese.

false

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that 76 million Americans are sickened, 325,000 are hospitalized and 5,000 die each year from food borne illnesses.

true

Carbohydrates are one of the three macronutrients, what are the other 2?

fats and proteins

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