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Vocabulary from finals packet...

alacrity

cheerful willingness

amorphous

shapeless; without definite form; unorganized

anarchy

total absence of rule or government; confusion

antidote

remedy for a poison or evil

apathy

lack of feeling, emotion, interest, or excitement

attenuate

make thin; weaken

auroral

pertaining to or resembling the dawn; rosy

avert

turn away; prevent

badger

nag

bibliophile

lover of books

blithe

merry; joyous; heedless

brine

salty water; ocean

chagrin

embarrassment; disappointment

cogitate

consider with care

concur

agree; happen together

contiguous

touching; near

credence

belief

crux

essential part

demise

death, especially of a monarch or other important person

diffident

lacking self-confidence

dross

waste; scum on the surface of melting metals

dyspepsia

difficult digestion; indigestion

dystrophy

faulty nutrition

egress

exit

encomium

speech or writing of high praise; tribute; eulogy

ethereal

of the heavens; delicate

fallacious

based on an erroneous idea

flotsam

wreckage of a ship or its cargo found floating on the sea; driftage

fractious

apt to break out into a passion

fulsome

offensive because of excessive display or insincerity

fusty

stale-smelling; old-fashioned

gratis

without charge or payment; free

grave

deserving serious attention

grave

slow (the slowest tempo in music)

halcyon

calm; peaceful (from halcyon a bird thought to calm the waves)

hector

to bully; to intimidate with threats; to bluster (from Hector, bravest of the Trojans)

hermetic

airtight (from Hermes, messenger of the gods and reputed inventor of a magic seal to keep a vessel airtight)

hoary

white or gray with age; ancient

jocund

merry

laconic

using words sparingly; terse; concise (from Lakonikos, meaning "Spartan." The Spartans were known for their terseness.)

lethargic

unnaturally drowsy; sluggish; dull (from Lethe, river in Hades whose water, when drunk, caused forgetfulness of the past)

levity

lack of proper seriousness

loath

disinclined

malign

speak evil of

martial

pertaining to war; warlike (from Mars, god of war)

maudlin

weakly sentimental and tearful

misogyny

hatred of women

monolith

single stone of large size

monophobia

fear of being alone

nadir

lowest point

nemesis

due punishment for evil deeds (from Nemesis, goddess of vengeance)

nemesis

one who inflicts such punishment

noisome

offensive to the sense of smell; unwholesome

nonage

legal minority; period before maturity

obdurate

stubbornly refusing to change one's opinion or course of action

omnific

all-creating

ostentatious

done to impress others

paean

song or hymn of praise, joy or triumph (a paean was a hymn in praise of Apollo, the god of deliverance)

perfidy

violation of a trust

periphery

outside boundary

pert

saucy

philology

study of language

poignant

painfully touching

polyarchy

rule by many

progenitor

forefather

propinquity

kinship; nearness of place

protean

exceedingly variable; readily assuming different forms or shapes (from Proteus, a sea god who could readily change his shape to elude capture)

puerile

foolish for a grown-up to say or do; childish

salubrious

healthful

saturnine

heavy; dull; gloomy; morose (from Saturn, father of Jupiter. Though Saturn's reign was supposedly a golden age, he has become a symbol of heaviness and dullness because the alchemists and astrologers associated his name with the metal lead)

saturnine (antonym)

mercurial

mercurial

quick; vivacious; active (from Mercury, the Roman counterpart of Hermes. Mercury was the messenger of the gods, the god of commerce, eloquence, and magic, and also the patron of travelers, rogues and thieves. His name designates a planet as well as a metal.)

mercurial

inconstant; unstable; capricious; subject to rapid and unpredictable mood changes

mercurial (antonym)

saturnine

sebaceous

greasy; secreting sebum (fatty matter)

sinuous

bending in and out

solon

legislator; wise lawgiver (from Solon, noted Athenian lawgiver)

sophistry

clever but deceptive reasoning

sordid

filthy

sot

drunkard

stricture

adverse criticism

sully

soil

sycophant

parasitic flatterer

tenacity

quality of holding fast

thespian

pertaining to the drama or active (from Thespis, reputed father of Greek drama)

transgress

step beyond the limits; break a law

travesty

imitation that makes a serious thing seem ridiculous

velocipede

child's tricycle

velocipede

early form of bicycle

virulent

extremely poisonous; very bitter

vociferous

producing a loud outcry

zenith

highest point; point in the heavens directly overhead

emaciated

abnormally lean because of starvation or illness

filial

of or benefitting a son or daughter

egoism

excessive concern for oneself; selfishness

agoraphobia

fear of open spaces

pericardium

membranous sac enclosing the heart

insectivorous

dependent on insects as a food

vertigo

dizziness

pertinacious

adhering firmly to a purpose or opinion

stygian

dark; gloomy; infernal (from Styx, a river of the lower world leading into Hades, or Hell)

palladium

safeguard or protection (from Palladium, the statue of Pallas Athena, which was thought to protect the city of Troy)

lackey

follower who carries out another's orders like a servant; toady

delectable

very pleasing

speculate

reflect; buy or sell with the hope of profiting by price fluctuations

apogee

farthest point from earth in the orbit of a heavenly body; highest point; culmination

exalt

lift up with joy, pride etc.; raise in rank, dignity, etc.

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