Medical Transcription ch3 Dalton

84 terms by boluch

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acute hepatic failure

the sudden onset of liver failure

advanced cardiac life support

a set of interventions for urgent treatment of cardiac arrest; these interventions include medications, CPR, and defibrillation (delivery of electrical energy with defibrillator)

alveolitis

inflammation of the alveoli (air sacs in the lung)

amphoric

describing a hollow sound resulting from percussion over a lung cavity

ancillary

supplementary

asystolic

pertaining to asystole (absence of cardiac contraction)

atrial fibrillation

rapid irregular contractions of the atria (upper chambers of the heart)

atrial flutter

rapid contractions of the atria, more regular than fibrillation

axial sections

referring to cross sections obtained in a horizontal plane of a structure of the body, either by slicing or by imaging techniques

axillary

pertaining to the armpit

basal ganglia calcifications

deposits of calcium in basal ganglia (groups of nerve cells in the brain)

bilateral

occurring on both sides

bleb

an abnormal air-filled or fluid-filled sac

bronchoscopy

visual examination of the bronchial passages of the lungs through a bronchoscope; a surgical procedure

brushings

cell samples that are obtained with a brush; this material is sent for examination of the cells for carcinoma or other disease processes, such as tuberculosis

carina

a downward and backward projection of the lowest tracheal cartilage, forming a ridge between the openings of the right and left main bronchi

cavitary lesions

abnormal tissue areas containing cavities

cerebral edema

excessive accumulation of fluid in the brain substance that causes swelling

Code Blue

medical jargon meaning a patient's heartbeat and/or respirations have ceased, calling for immediate resuscitation procedures (CPR)

congestion

swelling of blood vessels due to engorgement with blood

cords

referring to the vocal cords, 2 small bands of muscle within the larynx; the vocal cords vibrate to produce the voice

cortical atrophy

death of cells in the cerebral cortex (part of the brain)

Coumadin

trade name for warfarin sodium, an anticoagulant drug

CT

abbreviation for computerized tomography

dialysis catheter

tubular instrument inserted into a major vein in order to filter the blood of impurities; dialysis is done in patients whose kidneys have less than normal function

echocardiogram

the record obtained by using ultrasound to bounce back ultrasonic waves from the heart

effusion

the escape of fluid into a body part or tissue

ejection fraction

the proportion of the volume of blood in the ventricles at the end of diastole that is ejected during systole

EKG leads

conductors connected to an electrocardiograph (EKG) machine

embolectomy

surgical removal of a blood clot (embolus) from a blood vessel

endobronchial

within the bronchi or bronchial tubes

epiglottis

the lidlike cartilaginous structure that folds back over the larynx during swallowing and that prevents food from entering the lungs

ET tube

abbreviation for endotracheal tube, a tube inserted into the trachea (windpipe) to assist in ventilating the patient

etiology

cause or origin of a disease or disorder

fungemia

the presence of a fungal growth in the blood stream

glottis

the vocal apparatus of the larynx consisting of several structures that form the supporting structures of the vocal cords

Hemoccult

trade name for test to discover occult (hidden) blood in the stool

hemodialysis

the removal of waste substances from the blood by means of a hemodialyzer (machine)

hemoptysis

the expectoration or spitting up of blood or blood-stained sputum from the bronchial tubes as a result of pulmonary or bronchial hemorrhage

hepatosplenomegaly

enlargement of the liver and spleen

high-flow oxygen

oxygen administered via the highest setting on the oxygen machine (as opposed to low-flow oxygen, which is at a lower level)

hilar

pertaining to the depression, notch, or opening where the vessels and nerves enter an organ

HPI

abbreviation for history of present illness

hydrocephalus

an increase in the volume of cerebrospinal fluid in the ventricles of the cerebrum (brain)

hypokinesia

abnormally decreased motor function or activity.

hypoxic

pertaining to deficient oxygenation of the tissues

idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis

hardening of the pulmonary (lung) structures of either unknown or spontaneous origin

infiltrate

a collection of inflammatory cells, foreign organisms, and cellular debris; when present on chest x-ray it indicates pneumonia

INR

abbreviation for international normalized ratio—one of the clotting studies performed along with PT (prothrombin time) and PTT (paitial thromboplastin time)

intravenous

within or into a vein

intravenous contrast

material inserted into a vein that allows differences in tissues to be delineated; used in radiology and cardiology procedures

intubated

the condition of having a tube inserted into a body canal or hollow organ

intubation

the insertion of a tube into a body canal or hollow organ

Klebsiella pneumoniae

one etiologic agent of acute bacterial pneumonia (microbiology genus and species name)

lesion

any abnormality involving an organ or tissue due to a disease process or injury

low-flow oxygen

oxygen administered via the lowest setting on the oxygen machine (as opposed to high-flow oxygen, which is at a higher setting)

malaise

a vague feeling of bodily discomfort

mechanical ventilation

ventilation (breathing) supported or provided by a machine

mediastinal

pertaining to the membranous partition separating the lungs or the 2 pleural sacs

MVA

abbreviation for motor vehicle accident

myocardial infarction

injury or necrosis of the heart muscle due to lack of blood supply to the area (heart attack)

nasoduodenal feeding tube

a tube that goes through the nose and down through the esophagus and stomach to sit at the first part of the intestine; the patient is fed nutritional supplementation through the tube

nephrologist

a medical specialist in diagnosing and treating kidney disease

open-lung biopsy

taking a small sample of apparently diseased tissue in surgery while the lungs are exposed (as opposed to a brush biopsy or a procedure with the lungs not exposed)

palpitations

rapid or irregular heartbeats; primarily used in the plural form

parenchymal

pertaining to the essential elements of an organ, i.e., the functional elements of an organ

pleural

pertaining to the serous membrane that covers the lungs and lining of the thoracic cavity

prothrombin time

a test for coagulation factors of the blood; also dictated and written pro time

pseudocords

false cords; part of the anatomical structure of the larynx (voice box)

pulmonary

pertaining to the lungs

pulmonary vascular congestion

engorgement of pulmonary vessels occurring in cardiac disease, infections, and certain bodily injuries

rhonchi (sing, rhonchus)

sounds with a musical pitch (heard on auscultation) in bronchial tubes due to inflammation, spasm of muscle, or presence of mucus; used most commonly in the plural form

S1, S2, S3, S4 or SI, S2, S3, S4

first, second, third, and fourth heart sounds; may be heard while listening to the heart via stethoscope; SI and S2 are normal sounds. S3 and S4 are not normally heard

septicemia

toxins in the blood, formerly called "blood poisoning"

sputum

material coughed up from the lower respiratory tract

subarachnoid hemorrhage

hemorrhage at or between the arachnoid and pia mater of the brain

supraventricular cardiac arrhythmias

irregularity in the rhythm of the heart starting from a focus above the ventricles

tachycardia

fast heart rate

thorax

chest

thrombosis

formation or presence of a thrombus or blood clot

tuberculosis

an infectious disease of the lung

ventricles

lower chambers of the heart

Versed

trade name for a drug given intravenously either before or during surgery to produce sedation and amnesia

Xylocaine

trade name for lidocaine, a topical anesthetic drug

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