Penndale ninth Grade English Final Vocab 2010-11

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augment

(v.) to make larger, increase

fortitude

(n.) courage in facing difficulties

reiterate

(v.) to say again, repeat

unkempt

(adj.) not combed; untidy; not properly maintained; unpolished, rude

warily

(adv.) cautiously, with great care

adroit

(adj.) skillful, expert in the use of the hands or mind

belligerent

(adj.) given to fighting, warlike; combative, aggressive; (n.) one at war, one engaged in war

benevolent

(adj.) kindly, charitable

cursory

(adj.) hasty, not thorough

feasible

(adj.) possible, able to be done

impetus

(n.) a moving force, impulse, stimulus

meticulous

(adj.) extremely careful; particular about details

nostalgia

(n.) a longing for something past; homesickness

quintessence

(n.) the purest essence or form of something; the most typical example

scrutinize

(v.) to examine closely

adversary

(n.) an enemy, opponent

alienate

(v.) to turn away; to make indifferent or hostile; to transfer, convey

coerce

(v.) to compel, force

exhilarate

(v.) to enliven, cheer, give spirit or liveliness to

harass

(v.) to disturb, worry; to trouble by repeated attacks

negligible

(adj.) so unimportant that it can be disregarded

perpetuate

(v.) to make permanent or long lasting

precedent

(n.) an example that may serve as a basis for imitation or later action

punitive

(adj.) inflicting or aiming at punishment

ascertain

(v.) to find out

bequeath

(v.) to give or pass on as an inheritance

converge

(v.) to move toward one point, approach nearer together

expunge

(v.) to erase, obliterate, destroy

malevolent

(adj.) spiteful, showing ill will

panacea

(n.) a remedy for all ills; cure-all; an answer to all problems

supercilious

(adj.) proud and contemptuous; showing scorn because of a feeling of superiority

uncanny

(adj.) strange, mysterious, weird, beyond explanation

benefactor

(n.) one who does good to others

chivalrous

(adj.) marked by honor, courtesy, and courage; knightly

clemency

(n.) mercy, humaneness; mildness, moderateness

infallible

(adj.) free from error; absolutely dependable

pungent

(adj.) causing a sharp sensation; stinging, biting

remiss

(adj.) neglectful in performance of one's duty, careless

repose

(v.) to rest; lie; place; (n.) relaxation, peace of mind, calmness

comprise

(v.) to include or contain; to be made up of

explicit

(adj.) definite, clearly stated

inopportune

(adj.) coming at a bad time; not appropriate

rampant

(adj.) growing without check, running wild

solace

(n.) comfort, relief; (v.) to comfort, console

abhor

(v.) to regard with horror or loathing; to hate deeply

chaos

(n.) great confusion, disorder

implicate

(v.) to involve in; to connect with or be related to

reprehensible

(adj.) deserving blame or punishment

squalid

(adj.) filthy, wretched, debased

decrepit

(adj.) old and feeble; worn-out, ruined

ingenuous

(adj.) innocent, simple; frank, sincere

quandary

(n.) a state of perplexity or doubt

recalcitrant

(adj.) stubbornly disobedient, resisting authority

revel

(v.) to take great pleasure in; (n.) a wild celebration

capricious

(adj.) subject to whims or passing fancies

deviate

(v.) to turn aside; to stray from a norm; (n.) one who departs from a norm; (adj.) differing from a norm, heterodox, unconventional

exult

(v.) to rejoice greatly

omnipotent

(adj.) almighty, having unlimited power or authority

poignant

(adj.) deeply affecting, touching; keen or sharp in taste or smell

acquiesce

(v.) to accept without protest; to agree or submit

contentious

(adj.) quarrelsome, inclined to argue

covet

(v.) to desire something belonging to another

disheveled

(adj.) rumpled, mussed; hanging in disorder

lamentable

(adj.) to be regretted or pitied

misnomer

(n.) an unsuitable or misleading name

allude

(v.) to refer to casually or indirectly

exemplary

(adj.) worthy of imitation, commendable; serving as a model

fathom

(v.) to understand, get to the bottom of; to determine the depth of; (n.) a measure of depth in water

guile

(n.) treacherous cunning, deceit

misconstrue

(v.) to interpret wrongly, mistake the meaning of

placid

(adj.) calm, peaceful

plagiarism

(n.) passing off or using as one's own the writing (or other materials) of another person

pretext

(n.) a false reason, deceptive excuse

acrid

(adj.) harsh in taste or odor; sharp in manner or temper

elated

(adj., part.) in high spirits, jubilant; extremely pleased

indulgent

(adj.) yielding to the wishes or demands of others

tangible

(adj.) capable of being touched; real, concrete

antipathy

(n.) a strong dislike, hostile feeling

compassion

(n.) sympathy for another's suffering; pity

decorum

(n.) proper behavior, good taste; orderliness

exuberant

(adj.) high-spirited, enthusiastic, unrestrained; excessive, abundant

implacable

(adj.) not to be satisfied or pacified; unyielding

innocuous

(adj.) harmless, inoffensive; insignificant

mandatory

(adj.) required, obligatory

sedate

(adj.) quiet, settled, sober; (v.) to administer a tranquilizer

stipulate

(v.) to arrange specifically; to require as a condition of agreement

alacrity

(n.) a cheerful readiness; brisk and eager action

antithesis

(n.) the direct opposite, a sharp contrast

disparage

(v.) to belittle, speak slightingly of; to undervalue

droll

(adj.) amusingly odd

magnanimous

(adj.) generous in forgiving, above small meanness

rescind

(v.) to repeal, cancel

vivacious

(adj.) lively, sprightly, full of energy

acclimate

(v.) to adapt to a new climate, environment, or situation

complacent

(adj.) self-satisfied; overly content

concur

(v.) to express agreement, approve

defamation

(n.) slander or libel

grotesque

(adj.) unnatural, distorted; bizarre

renounce

(v.) to give up or resign something

zealous

(adj.) eager, earnest, devoted

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