Allows Chinese goods to be very Cheap, but makes it harder to sell foriegn goods to China
What does undervaluing Chinese currency do?
Unemployment,Class inequality, Urban East vs. Rural West, Disputes over Private Property, Crime
Corruption,Environmental Degradation, Rising HIV/AIDs rates (over 20 mil. by 2010)
Problems resulting form Economic reforms
Workers, Peasants, Intellectuals and Capitalists
Since 2001, CCP has focused on what three categories of people?
Modernize military, Taiwan, secure resources, Keep North Korea under control, Continue to expand economy
China's foreign policy issues
Japan has been incredibly (successful/poor) at reinventing itself after the disaster of WWII.
True or False: Japan and the USA did not become close economically and politically after the war
Until the 1990s, Japanese workers were paid (more/less) than workers in Europe and America, but now this is reversed.
1) Better infrastructure after WWII
2) USA aid during Cold War
3) Government assistance to business
4) Export Economic Strategy
5) Weak Labor Unions
6) Lifetime Employment
7) Hard Work = High Savings
8) Low military and welfare spending
9) Stable family structure
10) Huge investment in education
The 10 Commandments of Japan's Economic Success
Copy success, teach conformity, beginning to change to be like the West and individualistic
Describe Japan's "Imitative" Charateristic
Prefer long range to short range planning, very cautious and careful, foreknowledge over postmortem analysis
Describe Japan's "Preventive" Charateristic
Focus on the common good, high personal savings rates, higher interest rate
Describe Japan's "Pragmatic" Charateristic
Strong sense of duty and honor, high respect for authority, slackers are not tolerated
Describe Japan's "Obligative" Charateristic
Very knowledgeable of other cultures, English is mandatory
Describe Japan's "Inquistive" Charateristic
Drug Policies of 1960s and 1970s
Example of Japan's view of focusing on the common good rather than individual freedoms
True or False: Everyone in a business in Japan receives differing pays and gets promotions at their own pace
True or False: New employees are expected to learn the company song, live in company apartments, shop at company stores, and utilize company transporation
Japan has (high/low) rates of violent or "public crime" but (high/low) rates of "white collar" or private crime.
True or False: Japan's constitution forbids the military from engaging or having offensive capabilities
True or False: Japan currently supports weapons of mass destruction, even with changes in the region (China and North Korea)
Countries of South Asia (8)
Aghanistan, Pakistan, India, Maldives, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal
What are 3 of India's 4 largest cities on the coast?
Mumbai (Bombay), Kolkata (Calcutta), and Chennai (Madras)
What three movements have challenged India's secularism?
sikh movement in Punjab, Hindu nationalism, Jammu and Kashmir
% of world market for software creation, professional-services consulting, and call center support
Who is India's current prime minister and where did he start to reform India's economy?
Manmohan Singh, finance minister
What are Pakistan's challenges to stability?
Islamic fundamentalism, Economic disparity, Weak democracy, dependance on military, Education and health
What are the 3 distinct ethnic/ linguistic groups in Afghanistan?
Uzebecks and Turkemen,Hazara,Pashtuns
Unique things about Bangladesh
poorest nation in South Asia, in constant threat of floodings and monsoons, most densely populated nation in ASia (141 mil. in wisconson), most cohesive population, 100% Benegal &sunni muslim
4) Lack of Industrial Economy
5) Corrupt Kleptocratic government
5 "Problems" within Africa
2) Moisture in South along rivers
4) Ancient Soils
Environmental Issues in Africa
True or False: The climate in South Africa was preferred by European settlers, which allowed a decent wine industry
Think its a CIA Plot, think its not an STD, refusal to wear Condoms
Reasons why AIDS is so big in Africa
Colonies, Tribal and Language Lines
Europeans divided Africa based on _______, while Africa was orginally divided based on _______.
Privileging any given local language would priviege that nation within a multi-national state
Why are English, French, and Portuguese such common languages in Africa?
Methodism, Church of Evangelical "Saints"
2 Religions in the late 1700s that started the end of the Atlantic trade
True or False: Lines drawn on map of Africa were drawn with great attention to pre-existing cultural groups
Angola, Mozambique : USA, South Africa
1970s: Marxist states established in _______ and _______, bloodily resisted by _______ and _______
South Africa, Israel
_____ and _____ co-operated to become a nuclear power and even tested nuclear weapons, but both renounced weapons in 1991
________ at birth is dismal for both males and females (lowest overall rates on planet)
True or False: Female life expectancy in Africa is often as low as that of men. This is considered normal.
Female Labor Force
Participation in the ________ is very low in Africa, but higher than SW Asia/N Africa
1) Inter-Tribal Warfare
3) Extractive Economic Role
4) Poor Soil for Agriculture
The 5 "Failures" of SSA
Belize, Honduras, Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama
Nations of Central America
Natural Resources, Land Usage
As nations begin to see a growth in population, this puts severe pressures on _______ and _______.
True or False: Poverty is causing more poor to immigrate to other nations, such as USA and Brazil
Money from immigrants who come to a country like America to work, but send most if not all of what they make back to their family.
Foreign debts, inflation, currency devalutation, recession, foreign interference, and natural disasters
Factors that have led to Central America's poverty
Cuba, Jamaica, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Trinidad and Tobago, and Barbados
Key Nations in the Carribean
Trinidad and Tobago, Barbados, Virgin Islands, Bahamas, and Puerto Rico
Wealthiest Nations in the Carribean
Heavier African influence and fewer remaining natives
Differences between Spanish cultured islands and nations of Cental America
Communist nation that is culturall similar to Dominican Republic and Puerto Rico, but has failed to spread communism to other islands
High Birth Rates and Poverty
2 factors leading to many Carribean peoples emmigrating to the USA, Canada, and Great Britain
When the best and brightest of Latin American families emigrate to the United States, but do not return home
Earthquakes, Mudslides, Drought, Tidal Waves, Volcanes, and Landslides
Natural Disasters faced by South America
Topography and diveristy have caused _______ and _______ cooperation to be difficult.
Many African descendants live in ________ and ________, which are both culturally like the Carribean.
In the early 20th century, there was a major influx of _________ and ________ to Argentina, Brazil, and Uruguay.
True or False: In the last 30 years, millions of poor people have moved from the city to the country
Villa miseria barrios
A form of shanty town or slum found mostly around the largest urban settlements.
True or False: Many nations share a common history from Spanish colonization and the Wars of Independence
True or False: Mexico has seen an increase in the popularity of the English language and American culture
Means sponsorship, cultural practice to build economic and social alliances and assistance. Most sponsors are neighbors, relatives, coworkers, or employers.
1994-2004: This group of native indians in Chiapas State revolt, issues still unresolved
Revolution of 1910-1917
This revolution failed to create a more equal society in Mexico, but did improve most things for the middle class
PRI (Institutional Revolutionary Party)
Dominant political party in Mexico, ran the government from 1929-2000
1) Subsistence Farmers
2) Loss of jobs to China and other Cental American Countries
3) NAFTA helped wealthy and middle class, not the poor
Economic Problems Mexico Faces
_______% of women use birth control, but Brazil has the second highest number of _________
Family, Prestige, Machismo, Marianismo, Leisure and Time, and Authoritarianism/Paternalism
6 Themes of Latin America
Leisure and Time
Latin peoples believe work is a necessary evil, leisure is a goal, and in the real "power" lunch break
Race and Ethnicity, based on mix of bloods
America puts people into 2 groups, black and white. Latin America separates people by __________.
True or False: Latin America had more people intermarrying and different bloods having children, so identifying by skin color did not work for them.
Peninsulares and Creoles, Mestizos and Mulatos
Spanish people today are mainly ______ and ________, while Mexicans are more ________ and ________.
Replaced Colombian drug gangs in the 1990s as responsible for cocaine distribution in the USA
1) Ciudad Juarez, Chihuahua State
2) Tijuana, Baja State
3) Culiacan, Sinaloa State
3 most violent states and cities
Amount of money the USA donates to the Mexican government each year to fight the drug cartels
True or False: States near the border are known for their strict gun control, making it hard for Mexicans to get guns from America
Leader: Joaquin Guzman
Main Activity: Cocaine
Allies: La Familia Michocana
Rivals: Juarez, Tijuana, Beltran-Leyva
Leader: VIncente Camillo Fuentes
Main Activities: Kidnapping, Cocaine, Extortion
Rivals: Gulf and Sinaloa
Leaders: Arellano Felix Brothers
Main Activities: Cocaine, Bribery, Extortion, Contract Murder
Rivals: Sinoa, Gulf, Juarez
(Weakest of the Big Three, under the most pressure)
Gulf Cartel-Los Zetas
Leader: Osiel Cardenas and Herberto Lazcano
Main Activity: Drug and People Smuggling, Arms Trafficking, and Contract Killing
Rivals: Juarez, Sinoah
Putin was embarrased by "Orange Revolution" of Victor Yushenko over Russian backed opposition, divided between Europe and Russia, now more pro-Russia
unrest between Ukranian, Romanian, and Russian minority groups, has a break-away trans-dniester province
friendly with the USA, annoys putin, helps with the war on terrorism, had a short war in 2008
a christian orthodox nation that hates Azerbaijan, close ally with Russia, border conflict w/ Azerbaijan
an Islamic nation that hates armenia and is a very important source of caspian oil, Russia, USA, and Iran all interested
the most conflict-ridden country, unstable relations between former communists and islamic fundamentalists, conflicts over border with Afghanistan
has a large russian minority group, has former USSR nuclear installations, has abundant natural resources and has ties to Russia, USA, and China, very autocratic
has a very opressive rule by Islam Karimov, close ties iwht Russia and sometimes the USA, worries over islamic fundamentalism here
a close ally of Russia and the USA against the Taliban and terrorism, has a strong islamic culture against autocratic ruler, borders Iran
has close military ties to Russia and USA, both have bases there, has problems with Russian, Uzbek, and Chinese minorites, very ethnically unstable
Anti-semitism, abysmal health care system (lowest life expectancy amoung developed countries), Alcohol and Smoking(account for 80% of deaths), AIDS, Shrinking population
war with islamic fundamenalists, 1994-1996& 1999-now, in caucaus region, conducted well known terrorist attacks in Moscow, Beslan
Economy, Crime, Corruption, Poor tax collection, overdependance on gas and oil, environment, military, social problems, Checnya
List all of Russia's issues
How does Putin portray himself while using the state-controlled media?
disciplined, organized, tough
How does Putin increase presidential power?
Weakening local governments, restricting the actions of political parties, limit media criticism, increase central government survelliance of the public
Who was killed for writing an article about corrupt government and buisness leaders in <i>Forbes Russia</i>?
Who was killed for writing an article criticizing Russia for its tactics in the Chechen war?
Who was poisoned with a rare radioactive material in London for writing a book that would tie high ranking officials to organized crime?
an identity that Europeans have, priding themselves on their sub-national cultures and groups
the first attempt at unifying Europe during the Roman Empire with the attempt to absorb other cultures into one.
Holy Roman Empire
the second attempt at European unification with Christianity being a deciding feature of being european, involved the crusades
an attempt to unify europe under enlightenment values, but ended when nationalism sprouted from linguistic and cultural differences
World Wars, Holocaust, Cold War
three things that devastated Europe and ocntinue to haunt and shape Europe's global outlook
how europe tends to want to solve problems, involves organizations like the UN, EU, NATO and the Kyoto Treaty
the economic system used by europeans that tends to have a stronger socialist influence than america's does.
Germany, France, Italy, Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg formed the European Economic Community (EUC), proclaiming capitalism, democracy, and free market
the Maastricht Treaty is signed, creating the EU, saying that every member should send representatives to an EU government that creates continental laws
voters in France and the Netherlands reject the new EU constitution, which was a big blow to the idea of "ever closer union"
the Euro Crisis begins over Greek and Irish debt, which provides a movement back to national identity
Council of Ministers
the most powerful "Congress"-like body in the EU, meets in brussels, and representitives of all EU nations vote and create legislation
the 'engine of integration' in the EU that is dominated by the "Big 5" (France, Germany, Italy, Spain) who each have 2 commissioners, and it deals with executive and legeslative issues
European Court of Justice
each nation sends a Judge for a renewable 6-year-term, hears cases dealing with EU law and policy, deals with local and national conflict
the most democratic and weakest parliament that meets in Brussles and Strasburg with MEPs elected directly by citizens of EU nations
the EU and NATO participeted heavily in the 1st gulf war, especially Great britain and France (date)
Serbs, Croats, and Bosnian ethnic and religious tensions in 1991 and 1992 escalate into conflict which turns into a series of massacres by the Serbs against the Bosnians in Srebrenica
Dayton Peace Accords
ended the conflict between the Serbs and Bosnians after 10,000 Bosnians were killed
when EU and NATO allies send over 10,000 troops into Afghanistan to lead the peacekeeping efforts
year that EU became divided over the invasion of Iraq, and the EU prepares to organize its own anti-terrorist RRF of 60,000
the EU plays the 'good cop' to the USA's "bad cop" in the conflict with Iran and its nuclear materials
EU and NATO members become worried over the USA's pressure to increase troop levels in Afghanistan
North Africa, Middle East, Sub-Saharan Africa, former USSR, Asia
6 places that Europe is seeing an increase in immigration from
List Pim Fortuyn
the Netherlands conservative, anti immigration party that values traditional Dutch values
Jorg Heider's Freedom Party
the austrian conservative anti-immigration party that was the only one that actually came into power
the president of Europe before Putin, was very friendly, open, happy, wanted to make everyone like russia
has been increased by Putin in order to increase his own power, claiming a get-tough policy on the Chechyans
assassinated for articles written criticizing corrupt government and business leaders
a Ukranian candidate for prime minister who was pro-europe and lost a corrupted election, and was poisoned at a political dinner, but survived
a russian with ties to organized crime in the government who was poisoned with a highly radioactive substance and died 3 weeks later, blamed putin
Putin's former chief of staff who is now president after winning 71% of vote in 2008 election, seen as being an intermission between Putin's terms
an issue that russia faced, is particuarly bad because of the transition to capitalism, unemployment, corruption, poor tax collection
Alcoholism and Smoking
Russian societal problem that accounts for 80% of the deaths there in some way
small separatist part of Russia that wants an independent nation and has resorted to terrorism
month & year that 700 russian theatergoers were held hostage and 150 were killed with nerve gas-- was covered up
date that a school in Belsen were 330 were killed while being held hostage in a school in Russia by the Chechyans
country that is divided between moving to Russia or Europe, but is now pro-Russia because of Yushenko's loss
province in Ukraine that has become a crime state because of desire for own country
country that is friendly with the USA, which annoys Putin, helps with the war on terrorism, had a short war with Russia in 2008
a Christian Orthodox nation in constant conflict over the Nagorno-Karabakh region with Azerbaijan, a close ally of Russia
islamic nation that hates armenia, is a very important source of Caspian oil, Russia, USA, and Iran all have interests here
the most conflict-ridden Central Asian state with unstable relations between former communists and islamic fundamentalists, conflicts over border with Afghanistan
has a large Russian minority, close ties to Russia, USA, and China becaue of abundant natural resources, has many former soviet nuclear installations, very autocratic
country with a very repressive rule by Islam Karimov, has close ties with Russia and sometimes the USA, worries over islamic fundamentalism
a close ally of Russia and the USA agains the taliban and terrorism, has a strong islamic culturea against an autocratic ruler, borders iran
has close military ties to Russia and the USA who both have bases ther, has problems with Russian, Uzbek, and Chinese minorities, the most ethnically unstable
how europeans believe force should be, mostly because of how the holocaust, and the world wars have shaped its outlook
European Economic Community
formed in 1957 by Germany, France, Italy, Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg, all pledging capitalism, democracy, and free market
signed in 1992 to create the EU, saying each country should send a representative to the EU govenrment and there will be some international law that should be followed
the two countries whose voters decided not to adopt a new EU constitution in 2005
the large islamic country that wants to be a part of the EU, but most nations don't want to admit it
a recent problem (2010) that has driven nations back to independence and nationalism
Council of Ministers
part of the EU that is the rough equivalent of congress, meets in brussels, has representatives of all the EU nations, vote and create legislation
the 'engine of integration' that is dominated by the big 5 (France, Germany, Italy, Spain, and England), each with 2 commisioners, deals with executive and legislative issues
European court of Justice
each nation sends a judge for a renewable 6 year term, hears cases dealing with EU law and policy and its conflicts
the most democratic and weakestpart of the EU, meets in brussels and strasburg, members directly elected by the people
a rough equivalent to the Rwandan genocide for the EU, embarassing and messy, they don't intervene with the killing
Conflict and Confrontation
one of the key issued faced by the EU, wondering when to send in troops, how many to send, etc.
North Africa, Middle East, Sub-Saharan Africa, Asia, former USSR
where Europe is seeing an increase in immigration from (5 places)
List Pim Fortuyn
conservative Dutch party that speaks out against the destroying of traditional Dutch values
the conflict that europeans are having trouble paying for- not enough people to pay for the aging
increase equality of socioeconomic groups
a goal of the european social welfare, hard becuase it could conflict with capitalism
Eastern European farmers want subsidies, but the west doesn't want to give them as much as western farmers