*If glucose levels are normal, filtrate levels are normal
*Untreated diabetic; BG too high; therefore filtrate glucose too high. The kidneys reabsorb glucose up to threshold level, but the excess remains in filtrate & excreted in urine
*Ketones formed from fats & proteins used for energy production. Higher levels of ketones indicate increased use of fats & proteins for energy. This may be result of malfunctioning carbohydrate metabolism (as in DM) or simply the result of high-protein diet.
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