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Totalitarianism

a form of government in which the ruler is an absolute dictator (not restricted by a constitution or laws or opposition etc.)

Kellogg-Briand Pact

Agreement signed in 1928 in which nations agreed not to pose the threat of war against one another

Great Depression

the economic crisis beginning with the stock market crash in 1929 and continuing through the 1930s

Japanese Militarists

extreme nationalists who wanted to solve the country's economic problems by foreign expansion

Fascism

a political theory advocating an authoritarian hierarchical government (as opposed to democracy or liberalism)

Hitler's rise to power

Hitler promised to create a new Germany free of class and differences and party infighting. His appeal to national pride, national honor and traditional militarism struck chords of emotions in his listeners.

Maginot Line

a fortification built before World War II to protect France's eastern border

Spanish Civil War

In 1936 a rebellion erupted in Spain after a coalition of Republicans, Socialists, and Communists was elected. General Francisco Franco led the rebellion. The revolt quickly became a civil war. The Soviet Union provided arms and advisers to the government forces while Germany and Italy sent tanks, airplanes, and soldiers to help Franco.

Appeasement

Satisfying the demands of dissatisfied powers in an effort to maintain peace and stability.

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