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majority of settlers

came to the colonies for economic opportunity and land or to avoid political and religious unrest at home.

Jamestown

The first English settlement was founded at _____________ in 1607.

joint-stock companies

Many colonies were founded by private ________________, owned by individuals who had received permits from the English monarch to colonize lands claimed by England.

charter

is a document issued by a king or queen giving the charter holder (person or company) the right to establish a colony.

Pilgrims (also known as separatists)

came to the New World in 1620 to
worship their own way, after cutting ties to the Church of England or Anglican
Church.

Roanoke

was one of the first settlements, and the colonists mysteriously disappeared.

First permanent colonies

were Jamestown, Virginia and Plymouth, Massachusetts.

The New England Colonies

were: Connecticut, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, and Rhode Island and had rocky soil, timber and good fishing.

The Middle Colonies

were Delaware, New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania and had large farms with surpluses of corn, wheat, and other agricultural products used for export.

The Southern Colonies

were Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, Virginia, and Maryland.

Indigo

is a plant that produces blue dye for coloring textiles.

The Virginia House of Burgesses

was the first representative legislature in the colonies.

Fundamental Orders of Connecticut

limited government power, expanded the idea of representative government, and gave the vote to all men to who property owners.

Enlightenment

was a movement that believed in the ability of man to reason and use logic to solve problems.

Triangular Trade

routes were a series of colonial trade routes between Africa, New England, and the West Indies. (Slave trade was a major part.)

Proclamation of 1763

prohibited settling west of the Appalachian Mountains.

Indentured servants

signed a contract to work for several years to pay for their passage to the New World.

Slaves

were kept in bondage for life and were treated as property.

Qualifications for voting

included property ownership and sometimes religion, white males over 21 who owned property.

Mercantilism

is an economic theory that believes a nation can become strong by building up its gold supply and expanding trade with other countries.

Navigation Acts

were a series of laws aimed at strengthening the English government's control over colonial trade.

Great Awakening

was a movement that pushed to separate church and state.

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