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Mosby's Textbook for Nursing Assistants, 6th Edition by Sheila A. Sorrentino

abrasion

A partial-thickness wound caused by the scraping away or rubbing of the skin

arterial ulcer

An open wound on the lower legs and feet caused by poor arterial blood flow

bedsore

A pressure ulcer, pressure sore, or decubitus ulcer

chronic wound

A wound that does not heal easily

circulatory ulcer

An open wound on the lower legs and feet caused by decreased blood flow through the arteries or veins; vascular ulcer

clean-contaminated wound

Occurs from the surgical entry of the reproductive, urinary, respiratory, or gastrointestinal system

clean wound

A wound that is not infected; microbes have not entered the wound

closed wound

Tissues are injured but the skin is not broken

contaminated wound

A wound with a high risk of infection

contusion

A closed wound caused by a blow to the body; a bruise

decubitus ulcer

A pressure ulcer, pressure sore, or bedsore

dehiscence

The separation of wound layers

dirty wound

An infected wound

epidermal stripping

Removing the epidermis (outer skin layer) as tape is removed from the skin

evisceration

The separation of the wound along with the protrusion of abdominal organs

full-thickness wound

The dermis, epidermis and subcutaneous tissue are penetrated; muscle and bone may be involved

gangrene

A condition in which there is death of tissue

hematoma

A collection of blood tinder the skin and tissues

hemorrhage

The excessive loss of blood in a short time

incision

An open wound with clean, straight edges; usually intentionally made with a sharp instrument

infected wound

wound containing large amounts of microbes and that shows signs of infection; a dirty wound

intentional wound

A wound created for therapy

laceration

An open wound with torn tissues and jagged edges

open wound

The skin or mucous membrane is broken

partial-thickness wound

The dermis and epidermis of the skin are broken

penetrating wound

An open wound in which the skin and underlying tissues are pierced

pressure sore

A bedsore, decubitus ulcer, or pressure ulcer

pressure ulcer

Any injury caused by unrelieved pressure; decubitus ulcer, bedsore, or pressure sore

puncture wound

An open wound made by a sharp object; entry of the skin and underlying tissues may be intentional or unintentional

purulent drainage

Thick green, yellow, or brown drainage

sanguineous drainage

Bloody drainage (sanguis)

serosanguineous drainage

Thin, watery drainage (sera) that is blood-tinged (sanguineous)

serous drainage

Clear, watery fluid (serum)

shock

Results when organs and tissues do not get enough blood

skin tear

A break or rip in the skin; the epidermis separates from the underlying tissues

stasis ulcer

An open wound on the lower legs and feet caused by poor blood return through the veins; venous ulcer

trauma

An accident or violent act that injures the skin, mucous membranes, bones, and internal organs

unintentional wound

A wound resulting from trauma

vascular ulcer

A circulatory ulcer

venous ulcer

A stasis ulcer

wound

A break in the skin or mucous membrane

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