a figure of speech that makes a reference to, or representation of, a place, event, literary work, myth, or work of art either directly or indirectly
a dramatic device in which a character speaks to the audience, what he/she says is unknown to other characters in the story
"seize the day", period of poetry during the 16th/17th century of British Lit that had to do with people dying because life sucked so they were making sure they did things before they died
the writer makes direct statements about a character's personality and tells what the character is like
the writer reveals information about a character and his personality through that character's thoughts, words, and actions, along with how other characters respond to that character, including what they think and say about him.
point where the story gets most exciting, the changing point in the plot of a story where a protagonist meets his problems head on
extended metaphor with complex logic that governs an entire poem or passage
struggle which takes place in the protagonist's mind and through which the character reaches a new understanding or dynamic change
a struggle between the protagonist and another character against nature or some outside force
a stylistic device, most commonly used in poetry and songs, characterized by the repetition of the same consonant two or more times in short succession
pair of lines of meter in poetry, usually consists of two lines that rhyme and have the same meter
comprises events between the falling action and the actual ending scene of the drama or narrative and thus serves as the conclusion of the story
a variety of a language that is distinguished from other varieties of the same language by features of phonology, grammar, and vocabulary, and by its use by a group of speakers who are set off from others geographically or socially
examples are Speech to Spanish Armada and Utopia, anything that Shakespeare wrote, usually nodded to the monarchy and made them look really good
literary technique used to provide some background and inform the readers about the plot, character, setting, and theme of the essay/story
s the moment of reversal after the climax, the conflict between the protagonist and the antagonist unravels, with the protagonist winning or losing against the antagonist
uses "figures of speech" (metaphors, similes etc) - a way of saying something other than the literal meaning of the words
a literary device in which an author suggests certain plot developments that might come later in the story
defined by its rhythm of pairing ten syllables for each line into five pairs
usage of details and descriptions in order to create a sensory experience for the reader, can evoke mental images or emotions/senses
rhetorical device, literary technique, or situation in which there is a sharp incongruity or discordance that goes beyond the simple and evident intention of words or actions
literary figure of speech that uses an image, story or tangible thing to represent a less tangible thing or some intangible quality or idea
8 line group of lines in a sonnet that presents a problem, usually followed by a sestet
elaborately structured poem praising or glorifying an event or individual, describing nature intellectually as well as emotionally
seemingly true statement or group of statements that lead to a contradiction or a situation which seems to defy logic
restatement of text or passages using different words
giving human traits to something nonhuman
Example: a smiling moon, a jovial sun
words in passage that have strong connotations- words that intensify the emotional effect
Example: reasoned argument and charged language
Petrarchan Poetry (Italian Sonnet)
14 lines divided into two parts, an octave (abbaabba) and sestet (cdecde)
the sequence of events in a literary work
Example: (1) Man in conflict with another Man: (2) Man in conflict in Nature; (3) Man in conflict with self
a stanza of four lines
a regular pattern of rhyming words in a poem
Example: Roses are red
Violents are blue
Sugar is sweet
And so are you.
the series of conflicts or struggles that build a story toward a climax.
form of literature in which irony, sarcasm, and ridicule are employed to attack human vice and folly
Example: Canterbury Tales?
a rhythmic group of six lines of verse
A type of poetry has an iambic pentameter consists of a rhyme scheme A B A B and a rhyming couplet at the end
a five act play in which many of the main characters die by the end; centers on a tragic hero who begins the story as a respected, basically good person but succumbs to evil and therefore his/her doom (usually involving misery and an untimely death).
comparing two apparently unlike things, using like or as
He eats like a pig. Vines like golden prisons.
in drama, a character speaks alone on stage to allow his/her thoughts and ideas to be conveyed to the audience
14 line poem with a specific meter and rhyme scheme
A group of sonnets composed by one poet and having a unifying theme or subject
rhymes abab bcbc cdcd ee
The specific instructions a playwright includes concerning sets, characterization, delivery, etc.
the use of one thing to stand for or represent another
Example: the bird of night (owl is a symbol of death)
theme "monarch as hero"
where the ruler is a perfect or larger-than-life person.
a type of serious drama that usually ends in disaster for the main character
A weakness or limitation of character, resulting in the fall of the tragic hero
Example: MacBeth- ambition,and a noble background.