OSHA Test 4

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32 terms

Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response stands for

HAZWOPPER

HAZWOPPER (defined)

Operations required involving hazardous substances that are conducted at uncontrolled hazardous sites. Example: They clean up chemical spills on highways.

3 Things needed when handling hazardous & medical waste

PPE, training & medical surveillance.

Examples of medical waste

Organs, tissue, blood, sharps

Ethylene Oxide

a gas sterilizing agent used in hospitals to disinfect medical equipment. Flash point of OF meaning its very dangerous near source of ignition.

Formaldehyde

a pungent, colorless, irritant gas that is made of oxidation of methyl alcohol. A 5-10% solution is used for sterilizing clothing and towels.

Benzene

an aromatic hydrocarbon, derived from coal and petroleum - gasoline and other motor fuels.

Lead exposure can cause

anemia, kidney damage, paralysis, coma and death.

Medical Removal

the temporary removal of an employee from a hazardous exposure in order to reduce the exposure when other methods can not.

They test for lead by

blood test

HEPA filters trap

99.97% of particles 0.3 microns or larger.

Asbestos

a hydrated magnesium silicate in the form of fiber.

Asbestos Containing Material

any material containing more than 1% asbestos.

OSHA has a list of approximately

500 regulated chemicals and particulates.

Nitrous Oxide

used primarily as an anesthetic in the OR and dental or medical offices (LAUGHING GAS)

Methyl Methacrylate

is a constituent in bone cement used in orthopedic procedures. TOXIC.

Glutaraldehyde (Cidex)

used to clean and sterilize, can cause Upper Respiratory Tract irritation.

Ionizing Radiation

X-ray

Radioactive Material

any material that emits by spontaneous nuclear disintegration.

RAD & REM

measurements of radiation

Individuals who work in radiation

must be monitored and not exceed preset limits of radiation in a 3 month period.

Non Ionizing Radiation

Laser

Non Ionizing Radiations major hazard is

its ability to heat body tissue.

Only trained employees shall be assigned

to operate laser equipment.

Multiple Chemical Sensitivity (MCS)

an illness, when a person is sensitive to multiple chemicals in the environment.

OSHA standards regulate the amount of exposure an employee may have to

hazardous chemicals, such as carcinogens, reproductive toxins, hepatotoxins, etc.

Hazardous Material

any substance or material capable of posing unreasonable risk to health, safety, and property. (reactive, corrosive, toxic, and ignitable materials.)

Combustible Material

any liquid having a flash point AT or ABOVE 100° F.

Flammable Liquid

any liquid having a flash point BELOW 100° F.

Flash point means the

minimum temperature at which a liquid gives off vapor that is ignitable.

Auto Ignition Temperature

the lowest temperature a flammable gas or vapor air mixture will ignite from its heat source or at contacted heated surface without a spark or flame.

Compressed Gases/ Oxygen Systems

Keep away from heat, store in a cool dry place.

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