a large landmass that is part of a continent but that has its own geographic identity
a mountain range that stretches about 1,500 miles across south-central Asia
plains that lie between the Himalaya Mountains and southern India
a triangular deposit of soil at the mouth of a river
small fragments of rock or other materials that can be moved around by wind, water, or ice
a plateau that makes up most of southern India
a group of islands
a seasonal wind pattern in southern Asia that blows warm, moist air from the southwest during the summer, bringing heavy rains, and cold, dry air from the northeast during the winter
a large ancient city in the Indus River Valley; name means "mound of the dead"
a member of an ethnic group that migrated from what is now southern Russia through central Asia, settling in India.
the classical language of India and Hinduism
a religion developed in ancient India
the Books of Knowledge of the ancient Aryans, which were the basis of Hinduism.
an inherited social class of traditional Hindu society that separates people from other classes by birth, occupation, or wealth
one of the emperors of India's Mauryan Empire that ruled from 269 B.C. to 232 B.C. He created a unified government, built a palace of stone, and religious monuments. He was once a ruthless conqueror, but after seeing all the bloodshed in a bloody battle, he vowed that it would be his last war. He converted to Buddhism, and began to preach nonviolence and compassion for all living things.
a religion founded by Siddhartha Gautama in India in the 500s B.C.
the founder of Buddhism; grew up as a wealthy prince in warrior class until he left his family to seek the causes of human suffering. He became a wandering monk who practiced self-denial and ate very little for six years. However, one day when he sat under a bodhi tree and began to meditate, he gained enlightenment and then knew the reasons of human suffering suffering and how to escape from it.; also called Buddha
Four Noble Truths
the central teachings of Buddhism
in Buddhism, a set of guidelines for how to escape suffering
an ancient ethnic group in Cambodia
a Hindu temple in Cambodia, built by the Khmer people
means the enlightened one
a religious awakening