history chapter 21

38 terms by joslyn95

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Andrew Johnson

Lincoln's VP, a War Democrat.

grapevine

Derived from the often-used term "I heard it through the _________". It was used originally during the Civil War. The wires across the battlefields looked like them. The messages sent throughout the wires were often hard to understand or inaudible, causing rumors to spread.

mediation

A method of problem solving between two or more parties. A mediator helps to solve an issue between the opposing parties from a third person view. Usually involves the signing of some sort of agreement, and this technique uses different problem-solving tactics than any normal conflict resolution method.

Robert E. Lee

Became most well known for his roll as commander of the Confederate Army. Abraham Lincoln asked that he command the Union Army of the North, but he declined due to his emotional connection to his home state of Virginia, which at the time was seceding from the United States.

Ulysses Grant

Commanded the Union Army throughout the Civil War The Union was able to beat the Confederate army thanks to his leadership. He attended West Point and was well seasoned in a military sense. He later became the president of the United States.

William H. Seward

Stood for and supported the antislavery cause in the United States of America. He was a part of Lincoln's cabinet, but he himself never became President because the American people felt too strongly on one side or another when it came to slavery in the United States.

Edwin Stanton

Secretary of War during the Civil War period. He assisted in preparing the Union military and organizing the war itself. He contributed greatly to the Union victory. Even after the war, he stayed as Secretary of War during the country's rebuilding.

Vicksburg

A major city in Mississippi that served as the home of the fortress. The siege of ________ is considered the last prominent act in the its campaign, which was led by Grant despite critics' outcries. Grant's men journeyed across the Mississippi River and pushed Confederates back around ________.

Antietam

Thought of as the single most violent day of fighting in the entire history of the United States. It put an end to the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia's primary invasion into the North. Fought on September 17th, over 23,000 Americans lost their lives during this battle. Prevented British and French recognition of the Confederacy. Marks the end of McClellan's military life

Chancellorsville

Yet another significant battle during the Civil War that occurred between April 30th and May 6th. Lee was faced with fighting an army much grander than his own, both in numbers and technique but he decided to divide his army. A Confederate victory. Thomas J. Jackson lost his arm here.

Fort Pillow

Fought on April 12th during the Civil War. Located in Tennessee, overlooking the Mississippi River. The battle came to a close with the slaughter of hundreds of black troops.

Thomas J. Jackson

Also known as "Stonewall", a Confederate general during the Civil War. A famous commander, ranking near such military geniuses as Robert E. Lee. Someone on his side shot him accidentally during the Battle of Chancellorsville, and he lost his arm. His death was a major setback for the Confederacy.

William Sherman

He was a general on the Northern side. He founded the "scorched earth" policies, which was the goal of waging total war against the Confederacy. He is considered the "first modern general". He fought under the command of U.S. Grant during the Civil War, and truly originated "modern warfare".

Emancipation Proclamation

Abraham Lincoln put forth this document during the Civil War. Stated that freedom was established for the majority of the slaves in the United States. As the Union racked up more victories, more slaves became free. The Thirteenth Amendment finalized full slavery for African American slaves.

Copperheads

Northern Democrats who advocated the downfall of U.S. They openly engaged in subversive activities against Union cause. They were led by Clement Vallandigham, who was found guilty by a military tribunal for subversive activities; Lincoln later exiles Vallandigham.

54th Mass Regiment

The first unit of African American soldiers who fought long term service throughout the Civil War. They served with distinction. The soldiers couldn't be officered by blacks, but unfortunately were paid half the wages that white soldiers were being paid. Thy were given substandard materials, but had an ample food supply.

Union Party

Name change of the Republican party orchestrated by LIncoln in order to gain support from the War Democrats

Southern

The Battle of Bull Run, the Battle of Chancellorsville, and the Battle of Cold Harbor were all ________ victories.

Confederate State slaves

Officially, the Emancipation Proclamation only freed...

Lee's goal

Invading the North in the Summer of 1863 in order to strengthen the Northern peace movement and encourage foreign intervention in the war was...

George McClellan

Who was the Democratic party nominee in 1864 that repudiated the Copperhead platform that called for a negotiated settlement with the Confederacy

John Wilkes Booth

Who killed Abraham Lincoln?

Nathan Bedford Forrest

Confederate leader most commonly associated with the Fort Pillow Massacre

Northern

The Battles of Vicksburg,Antietam, Gettysburg, and Chattanooga were all ________ victories.

Edward Everett Hale.

Wrote The Man Without A Country. His speech was 2 hours long and terrible, while Lincoln's speech was 2-3 minutes long and wonderful.

Appamattox Courthouse

The site at which the Civil War officially ends

Bayonet vote

What won Lincoln his second term?

Gettysburg

The battle won by the Union Army, fought in Pennsylvania, that ultimately dooms the Confederacy. Also where Lincoln recites his famous address.

Radical Republicans

They want South to pay for what they've done. Lincoln wants easy reconstruction: as long as 10% of the residents of a given seceded state give a pledge of allegiance, they will be readmitted into the Union as long as they observe the end of slavery. The _______ want 50% of the residents to take the oath to rejoin the Union, not 10%.

Moderate Republicans

led by Abraham Lincoln, majority of the Republicans. No control in Congress, control is with the Radicals.

Peace Democrats

They were dangerous and tried to undermine war efforts. Want war to be over immediately, regardless of political outcome.

War Democrats

Demanded a more aggressive policy toward the Confederacy and supported President Abraham Lincoln during the Civil War. In the 1864 presidential election, these people and the Republican Party shed its name and formed the Union Party; it nominated Lincoln president and nominated Andrew Johnson for vice president. As a result many of these people could vote for Lincoln, while avoiding the "Republican" ticket.

Order of the generals

MPMBHMG (recite them)

Shiloh

Battle on April 6, 2862 where the Rebels (South) won- Grant never left- he counterattacked and KEPT coming.

Farragut

General who captures Mobile, AL and New Orleans, LA

Winfield Scott

Commander of the Army of the Potomac, and was the Commander of the Union Army until Grant took over

Hampton Roads

Battle that revolutionizes naval warfare forever

Draft riots

Taking place in New York City, mostly performed by Irishmen

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