A localized, intense pain that arises from the parietal peritoneum, the lining of the abdominal cavity.
The membrane that lines the abdominal cavity and covers the organs within it.
Pain that is felt in a location other than where the pain originates
Sharp pain that feels as if body tissues are being torn apart.
A poorly localized, dull or diffuse pain that arises from the abdominal organs, or viscera.
4 Steps for Patient with Abdominal Pain
1. Maintain Airway
2. Administer Oxygen (15 lpm)
3. Position of Comfort
What presents with pain in the epigastric area and because of the retroperitoneal location of the organ, the pain radiates to the back/shoulders. The organ is often inflamed b/c of alcohol abuse. Advanced = shock.
Most common cause of person needing surgery. Presents with nausea, vomiting, pain in RLQ.
Presents with sudden and severe epigastric pain in the upper central abdomen or RUQ. May radiate to the back. May be caused or worsened by foods high in fats. Often caused by an inflamed organ.
Presents with blood passing from the GI tract via vomit (bright red) or rectum (red/black, tarry stool. Extends from the esophagus to the rectum. May or may not have abdominal pain.
Bleeding from within Digestive Tract
Bleeding that presents with abdominal pain and tenderness. Often results in bleeding into the peritoneal cavity.
Internal Abdominal Bleeding
Dark red stool indicates which kind of GI bleed?
Upper GI Bleed
Bright red stool indicates which kind of GI bleed?
Lower GI Bleed
Dark tarry stool indicating upper GI Bleed.
A protrusion of the intestine through the abdominal wall. Caused by heavy lifting or straining. Sudden onset of pain, a palpable mass. Not life threatening unless testicle is twisted or obstructed.
Small hard stones in descend down the ureter on the way to the bladder causing severe flank pain that often radiates to the groin area anteriorly. The visceral pain is often severe and may be associated with nausea and vomiting.
Renal Colic (Kidney stones)