Mid-Term

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All of the following are recognized, credible sources of nutrition information except

Who's Who in Nutrition.

A nutrient needed by the body and that must be supplied by foods is termed a(n)

essential nutrient.

Excluding fast-food establishments, approximately what percentage of restaurants in the United States show an ethnic emphasis?

60

Which of the following is an anthropometric measure?

Body weight

If a person consumed the upper AMDR limit for protein as part of a diet containing 2500 kcalories, approximately how many grams of protein would be ingested?

219

Which of the following represents a rationale for setting the recommendation for energy?

Because a margin of safety would result in excess energy intake for a large number of people, the figures are set at the average energy intake

In the body, the chemical energy in food can be converted to any of the following except

light energy.

A person who eats a bowl of oatmeal for breakfast every day would be displaying a food choice most likely based on

habit.

You have been asked to help a top nutrition researcher conduct human experiments on vitamin C. As the subjects walk into the laboratory, you distribute all the vitamin C pill bottles to the girls and all the placebo pill bottles to the boys. The researcher instantly informs you that there are two errors in your research practice. What steps should you have done differently?

Prevented yourself from knowing what was in the pill bottles, and distributed the bottles randomly to the subjects

A subclinical nutrient deficiency is defined as one that

is in the early stages.

Which of the following is not a characteristic of the minerals?

Unstable to light

Which of the following represents a food choice based on negative association?

An elderly gentleman who refuses a peanut butter and jelly sandwich because he deems it a child's food

Factors known to be related to a disease but not proven to be causal are called

risk factors

A diet provides a total of 2200 kcalories, of which 40% of the energy is from fat and 20% from protein. How many grams of carbohydrate are contained in the diet?

220

Nonnutrient substances found in plant foods that show biological activity in the body are commonly known as

phytochemicals.

The most common causes of death today in the United States include all of the following except

tuberculosis.

Gram for gram, which of the following provides the most energy?

Fats

How many minerals are known to be required in the diet of human beings?

16

Characteristics of an acute disease include all of the following except

it progresses slowly.

Among the following, which is the major weakness of a laboratory-based study?

the results can't be applied to human beings

Which of the following is an overt symptom of iron deficiency?

headaches

The smallest amount of a nutrient that is consumed over a prolonged period that maintains a specific function is called the nutrient

requirement

Before publication in a reputable journal, the findings of a research study must undergo scrutiny by experts in the field according to a process known as

peer review

Which of the following is not a set of values within the Dietary Reference Intakes?

Estimated Average Allowances

As a registered dietitian at Jones Hospital, you are instructed to write a policy statement on nutrition assessment procedures for all new patients. Which of the following are the most useful parameters for the nutrition assessment of individuals?

Historical information, anthropometric data, physical examinations, laboratory tests

A normal half-cup vegetable serving weighs approximately how many grams?

100

Which of the following is an organic nutrient?

Fat

How many vitamins are known to be required in the diet of human beings?

13

What does the Tolerable Upper Intake Level of a nutrient represent?

The maximum amount from all sources that appears safe for most healthy people

Which of the following is used to detect nutrient deficiencies?

Assesment Techniques

A person viewing an exciting sports match of her favorite team and eating because of nervousness would be displaying a food choice behavior most likely based on

Emotional Comfort

A clinical trial must involve

human beings as subject

What is the upper range of fat intake in the AMDR?

35%

The percentage of kcalorie intakes for protein, fat, and carbohydrate that are thought to reduce the risk of chronic diseases are termed the

Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Ranges.

Which of the following nutrient sources yields more than 4 kcalories per gram?

Plant Fats

What is the kcalorie value of a meal supplying 110 g of carbohydrates, 25 g of protein, 20 g of fat, and 5 g of alcohol?

755

Overcooking a food is least likely to affect which of the following groups of nutrients?

Minerals

Which of the following describes the legal limitations, if any, for a person who disseminates dietary advice to the public?

A license to practice as a nutritionist or dietitian is required by some states

A parent who offers a child a favorite snack as a reward for good behavior is displaying a food behavior known as

Positive Association

A weight reduction regimen calls for a daily intake of 1400 kcalories which includes 30 g of fat. Approximately what percentage of the total energy is contributed by fat?

19

To identify early-stage malnutrition, a health professional would use which of the following parameters?

Laboratory Tests

Which of the following individuals is most likely to possess the least amount of nutrition training?

Certified Nutritionist

Which of the following is a feature of the minerals as nutrients?

Some become dissolved in body fluids

Which of the following is a purpose of both the Recommended Dietary Allowance and Adequate Intake?

Setting nutrient goals for individuals

If a group of people consumed an amount of protein equal to the average requirement for their population group, what percentage would receive insufficient amounts?

50

Which of the following would most likely lead to a primary nutrient deficiency?

Inadequate nutrient intake

What is the term that defines foods that contain nonnutrient substances whose known action in the body is to promote well-being to a greater extent than that contributed by the food's nutrients?

Functional Foods

When consumed in excess, all of the following can be converted to body fat and stored except

Vitamin C

A health magazine contacted you for your expert opinion on what measure best describes the amounts of nutrients that should be consumed by the population. Your reply should be

The Recommended Dietary Allowances because they represent the average daily amount of a nutrient considered adequate to meet the known nutrient needs of practically all healthy people

Which of the following is classified as a micronutrient?

Iron

Which of the following is an example of a macronutrient?

Protein

Your friend Carrie took a daily supplement of vitamin C and stated that she felt a lot better. Her experience is best described as a(n)

Anecdote

What behavior is the major cause of death in the United States?

Tobacco Use

What is the weight (lbs) of the "reference" adult female?

126

What is the chief reason people choose the foods they eat?

Taste

Which of the following is not a characteristic of the vitamins?

Inorganic

What type of deficiency is caused by inadequate absorption of a nutrient?

Secondary

All of the following are minimum requirements for becoming a Registered Dietitian except

completing up to a three-week clinical internship or the equivalent.

Which of the following most accurately describes the term organic?

Substances with carbon

Which of the following is characteristic of an essential nutrient?

Cannot be made in sufficient quantities by the body

By chemical analysis, what nutrient is present in the highest amounts in most foods?

Water

Which of the following is not a feature of the Adequate Intake (AI) and the Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA)?

The percentage of people covered is known for both values

Which of the following statements most accurately describes the composition of most foods?

They contain mixtures of the three energy nutrients, although only one or two may predominate

Which of the following figures falls within the carbohydrate range of the AMDR?

50%

Inspection of hair, eyes, skin, and posture is part of the nutrition assessment component known as

Physical

Overeating and gaining body weight is an example of a

Positive Correlation

All of the following describe features for application of the recommended nutrient intakes except

The recommendations also apply to sick people

Which of the following best describes a college-educated nutrition and food specialist who is qualified to make evaluations of the nutritional health of people?

Registered Dietician

Which of the following statements defines the association between a risk factor and the development of a disease?

The more risk factors for a disease, the greater the chance of developing that disease

What is the AMDR for fat?

20-35%

How are the RDA for almost all vitamin and mineral intakes set?

High, to cover virtually all healthy individuals

An increase in exercise accompanied by a decrease in body weight is an example of a

negative correlation

Approximately how many grams are in an ounce?

starch

Which of the following is not descriptive of MyPyramid?

A broad-based figure that conveys the message that grains should be abundant and form the foundation of a healthy diet

Which of the following is a characteristic of enriched grain products?

They have all of the added nutrients listed on the label

Approximately what minimum percentage of all grains consumed by a person should be whole grains?

50

Which of the following terms is used to describe a cut of meat having a low fat content

Round

Which of the following is not a feature of a food group plan?

Sorts foods with Similar water content

Approximately how many milliliters constitute a fluid ounce?

30

The addition of calcium to some orange juice products by food manufacturers is most properly termed nutrient

fortification

In vegetarians, the RDA is higher for

iron

Which of the following foods could help meet the iron needs of vegetarians who consume dairy?

legumes

The most highly fortified foods on the market are

Breakfast Cereals

Which of the following is the most calcium-dense food?

Non-fat milk

What is a flexitarian?

a vegitarian who occasionally eats small amounts of meats

Which of the following is a characteristic of structure-function claims on food labels?

They can be made without any FDA approval

What two major nutrients are supplied by the fruit and vegetable groups?

Vitamins A and C

According to the principles of the USDA Food Guide, the foundation of a healthful diet should consist of

nutrient-dense foods

All of the following are documented benefits for people following a vegetarian diet except

lower rates of anemia

What are the "ABCDMV" principles of diet planning?

Adequacy, balance, kcalorie control, nutrient density, moderation, and variety

Approximately how many kcalories more per day are needed by an average college-age student who is active compared with her inactive counterpart?

400-500

Textured vegetable protein is usually made from

soybeans

Which of the following is a characteristic of food serving sizes?

Serving sizes on food labels are not always the same as those of the USDA Food Guide

How many subgroups comprise the vegetable food group?

5

All of the following are typical characteristics of vegetarians except

their zinc absorption is efficient due to their high soy intake

According to nutrition labeling laws, the amounts of what two vitamins must be listed on the package label?

Vitamin A and C

All of the following are features of serving size information on food labels except

small bags of individually wrapped food items must contain only one serving.

What term describes a food that resembles and substitutes for another food but is nutritionally inferior to it?

Imitation Food

Whole-grain flour contains all parts of the grain with the exception of the

husk

The concept of nutrient density is most helpful in achieving what principle of diet planning?

kCalorie control

Nutrient dense refers to foods that

provide more nutrients relative to kcalories

Greg is trying to decide which brand of cereal to buy, but he is a somewhat confused by the health claims. Which of the following represents the highest level of significant scientific agreement?

"This product contains whole grains which have been proven to reduce the risk of heart disease and certain cancers"

Which of the following is a feature of the Daily Values found on food labels?

They assist people in determining whether a food contains a little or a lot of a nutrient

Which of the following is a feature of iron nutrition in vegetarians?

Vegetarians absorb iron more efficiently

Applying the principle of variety in food planning ensures the benefits of

dilution of harmful substances

Which of the following is a feature of the exchange list system?

All foods are grouped according to their content of carbohydrate, protein, and fats

Which of the following foods qualifies as a "good source" of calcium?

Yogurt with 150 mg of calcium

According to food labeling laws, acceptable synonyms for nonfat milk include all of the following except

reduced-fat milk

A food label ingredient list reads in the following order: Wheat flour, vegetable shortening, sugar, salt, and cornstarch. What item would be found in the smallest amount in the food?

cornstarch

Population groups such as sedentary older men, sedentary younger women, and active older women have a daily energy need (kcalories) of approximately

2000

Textured vegetable protein is usually made of

soy protein

Approximately how many grams are in an ounce?

30

Which of the following is not the same as fat-free milk?

1% milk

According to the FDA, which of the following diet-health messages requires a disclaimer on food labels?

lipids and obesity

Which of the following is a feature of vitamin B12 nutrition in vegetarians?

The vitamin B12 in fermented soy products may have low bioavailability

Which of the following is descriptive of the FDA's "A" list?

A series of unqualified health claims on food labels

Which of the following is a feature of U.S. laws governing information on food labels?

Nutrition labeling is not required on foods produced by small businesses or products produced and sold in the same establishment

Providing enough, but not an excess, of a food is a diet-planning principle known as

moderation

For the most part, all of the following are advantages of vegetarian diets except

vitamin B12 intake is higher.

Food exchange systems were originally developed for people with

diabetes

A food label that advertises the product as a "rich source of fiber" is an example of a

nutrient claim

Jamie is a vegetarian who is trying to plan a healthy diet with the help of MyPyramid. Which of the following meat alternatives would be the best nutrient choices for one day?

.5 cup black beans, 2 tbsp peanut butter, 1 c spinach

All of the following are examples of legumes except

potatoes

On a food label, the "% Daily Value" table compares key nutrients per serving for a person consuming how many kcalories daily?

2000

The part of the grain that remains after being refined is the

endosperm

Which of the following is not characteristic of the USDA Food Guide?

Its nutrients of greatest concern include iron, chromium, and vitamin B12

Of the daily recommended intake of fruit servings, what maximum percentage may be supplied by fruit juice?

33

General features of legumes include all of the following except

high in fat

What mineral is added in the enrichment process of refined flours?

iron

A cup of fresh blueberries is about the size of a

baseball

Which of the following is an enrichment nutrient for grains?

folate

Food labels express the nutrient content in relation to a set of standard values known as the

daily values

The "5 to 9 a Day" food campaign promotes increased consumption of

fruits and vegetables

By law, a serving size on beverage food labels is

8 fluid ounces

Which of the following is an expression of the nutrient density of a food?

0.01 mg iron per kcalorie

Information that must be lawfully provided on food labels includes all of the following except

the amount recommended for ingestion each day.

Which of the following is an alternative choice for meats in the USDA Food Guide?

Nuts

Legumes are used as meat alternatives for all of the following reasons except

they can be graded as prime, choice, and select.

Cooking an 8-ounce raw steak will reduce the weight (ounces) to approximately

6

Consider the following menu from the point of view of the USDA Food Guide.


Breakfast Lunch Supper

A source of vitamin C is marginal

Which of the following ingredients found on a food label is a source of protein?

tofu

An empty-kcalorie food is one that contains

excess energy and little or no protein, vitamins or minerals.

All of the following are features of the process of nutrient enrichment of flours except

fiber levels are similar to those in the whole grains

A meat described as "prime cut" means that it

is higher in fat than other cuts of meat.

In which of the following food groups are legumes found?

Meats

Which of the following is among the recommendations of the Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2005?

Engage in regular physical activities

Which of the following is a feature of the FDA's regulations of food label health claims?

There are four grades of health claim quality: A, B, C, and D

In food exchange lists, to what group are olives assigned?

Fat

According to U.S. food labeling regulations, clear and convincing evidence has been found for all of the following health claims regarding nutrition and disease except

sugar and diabetes

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