Chapter 1- The human body Orientation

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Where is the Thoracic cavity located?

Upper Chest

Where is the Cranial cavity located?

head

Where is the abdominal cavity located?

directly under diaphram

Where is the vertebral cavity located?

along the neck and spine

Where is the umbilical region?

middle of stomach (belly button)

Where is the right hypochondriac region?

upper right of subject

Where is the hypogastric region?

below belly button above gential

Where is the epigastric region?

upper middle region

where is the right iliac region?

lower right region

Directly causes mechanical motion

muscular system

responds to enviromental changes by transmitting electrical impulses

nervous system

provides support and levers for muscles to work on

skeletal

protects underlying organs from mechanical damage and synthesizes vitaimin D

integumentary

contraols the body with chemical molecules called hormones

endocrine

delivers oxygen and nutrients to the tissues

cardiovascular

produces antibodies that neutralize foreign substances

immune

removes and filters excess fluid from tissues

lymphatic

blood glucose levels

negitive feedback

blood pressure

negitive feedback

blood clotting

positive feedback

delivering a baby

postive feedback

arteries, veins, heart

cardiovascular system

trachea, bronchi, alveoli

respiratory system

adrenal glands, pancreas, pituitary

endorine system

esophagus, large intestine, rectum

digestive system

kidneys, bladder, ureters

urniary system

stomach

abdominopelvic caivty

heart

thoraic cavity

uterus

abdominopelvic cavity

brain

cranial cavity

lungs

thoraic cavity

knee

patellar region

head

cephalic region

arm

brachial region

buttock

glutel region

chest

thoracic region

superior

toward the head end or upper part of structure

inferior

away from the head or toward a lower part of body

ventral (anterior)

toward the front of the body

dorsal(posterior)

toward the back of the body

medial

toward or the midline of the body

lateral

away from the midline of the body

imtermidate

between a more medial and a more lateral structure

proximal

closter to the origin of the body part

distal

farther away from the origin of the body part

superfical

toward or at the body's surface

deep (internal)

away from the surface

the bridge of the nose is _______ to the left eye

medial

the upper arm is ________ to the forearm

proximal

the heart is ______ to the stomach

superior

the fingers are_______ to the wrist

distal

the stomach is ______ to the spine

anterior

Nose

nasal region

Mouth

oral region

Neck

cervical region

Forehead

Frontal region

eye

orbital region

cheek

buccal region

chin

mental region

point of shoulder

acromical region

breastbone

sternal region

arm pit

axillary region

chest

thoraic region

breast

mammary region

abdomin

abdonial region

arm

brachial region

front of elbow

antecubital region

forearm

antebrachial region

pelvis

pelvic region

wrist

carpal region

thumb

pollex region

Palm

palmar region

fingers and toes

digital region

belly button

umbilical region

Genital

pubic region

hip

coxal region

groin

inguinal region

front of knee

patellar region

leg (shin)

crural region

side of leg

fibular region

thigh

femoral region

ankle

tarsal region

great toe

hallux region

foot

pedal region

ear

otic region

back of head

occipital region

hand

manus region

spine

vertrabral region

shoulder blade

scapular region

back

dorsal

back of elbow

olecranal region

loin

lumbar region

between hips

sacral region

buttock

gluteal region

between anus and genitals

perinal region

back of knee

popliteal region

calf

sural region

heel

calcaneal region

sole of foot

planter region

parietal pericardium

outside layer/membrane

visceral pericardium

inside layer

right upper quandrant

liver, gallbladder, right kidney, pancreas, some intestines

left upper

stomach, spleen, left kidney, pancreas some intestines

right lower

appendix, right utreter, right ovary and fallopian tube

left lower

colon, left ureter, left ovary and fallopian tube

Liver & gallbladder

right hypochodriac

stomach

left hypochonriac

colon

right lumbar

small intestine

umbilical region

appendix

right iliac region

bladder

hypogastric region

Positive feedback mechanisms tend to increase the original stimulus.

Ture

Imaging is useful in discovering structed blood supplies in organs and tissues

True

The anatomical position means the body is standing at attention with the palms facing forward and the thumbs pointing away from the body.

True

The elbow is proximal to the shoulder

False

The serous membrane that lines the peritoneal cavity wall is called visceral peritoneum

false

A major function of serous membranes is to decrease friction.

true

The right hypochondriac region contains the majority of the stomach.

false

Lungs carry out an excretory function

true

Embryology concerns the structural changes that occur in an individual from conception through old age

false

A tissue consists of groups of similar cells that have a common function.

true

It is important for any organism to maintain its boundaries, so that its internal environment remains distinct from the external environment surrounding it

true

Without some sort of negative feedback mechanism, it would be impossible to keep our body chemistry in balance.

true

Regardless of the variable being regulated, all homeostatic control mechanisms have at least three interdependent components.

true

The epigastric region is located superior to the umbilical region

true

Histology would be best defined as a study of ________.

tissues

The study of the heart may incorporate many aspects of anatomy but as a whole you would say it is __________ anatomy.

Gross

An increased rate of breathing as a result of an increased buildup of carbon dioxide in the bloodstream would be best described as an example of ________.

excretion of metabolic waste

Average body temperature is ________ degrees centigrade

37

If you consider your home air conditioner in terms of homeostasis, then the wall thermostat
would be the ________.

control center

What is the main, general purpose of negative feedback

to maintain homeostasis

What is the specific name for the hip region

coxal

An oblique cut is one that is cut ________.

diagonally between the vertical and horizontal

The heart lies in the ________ cavity

pericardial

The cavities housing the eyes are called __________ cavities

orbital

A structure that is composed of two or more tissues would be a(n) ________.

organ

________ cavities are spaces within joints

synovail

Which of the following would not be a functional characteristic of life?

decay

Which term means toward or at the back of the body, behind?

dorsal

The single most abundant chemical substance of the body, accounting for 60% to 80% of
body weight, is ________

water

What is the posterior side of the patella called

popliteal

Which of the following statements is true concerning feedback mechanisms

Negative feedback mechanisms work to prevent sudden severe changes within the body

The anatomical position is characterized by all of the following except ________.

palms turned posteriorly

A good example of a positive feedback mechanism would be ________

enhancement of labor contractions

Which of the following describes a parasagittal plane

any sagittal plane except the median

Which of the following organs or structures would be found in the left iliac region?

intestines

The parietal pleural would represent a serous membrane ________.

lining the thoracic cavity

Which one of the following systems responds to environmental stimuli

nervous

Choose the anatomical topic and definition that is not correctly matched.

Cytology: study of the structures in a particular region

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