Psychotic Disorders

Created by eagq53 

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psychosis

a term that refers to the presence of one or more hallucinations or delusions

hallucination

a sensory experience that occurs in the absence of external stimuli

delusions

irrational, obviously untrue, and culturally unusual beliefs

delusions of grandeur

the belief that one is more important or special than one is

delusions of control

the belief that ones thought and actions are not under ones control

delusions of persecution

Beliefs that others are "out to get you"

idea of reference

The belief that events, words, gestures, or other clearly unrelated things have special significance

avolition

the loss of ability to successfully engage in everyday activities

alogia

the loss of normal speech

anhedonia

the loss of the ability to feel pleasure

flat affect

when someone seems strangely robotic and unemotional whereas others would have an emotional reaction due to a lack of ability to communicate feelings

Tangentiality

inability to directly answer a question

word salad

when words are tossed together with absolutely no connections. For instance: "The bright bank loved angry yellow-marbled frightened cake at night."

Clang associations

when words that are put together rhyme and make no sense

neologisms

made up words that have no meaning to anyone but the schizophrenic individual

schizophrenia

when someone has at least two positive, negative, or disorganized symptoms that last a month or longer

residual type

People typically have periods of acute psychosis, followed by periods in which they experience residual symptoms but do not meet the full criteria for schizophrenia

dissociative identity disorder

multiple personality disorder

paranoid schizophrenia

schizophrenia characterized by the presence of hallucinations and delusions that fit together to form some sort of loose story-most common

disorganized schizophrenia

schizophrenia characterized by the presence of disorganized symptoms and generally has a low rate of remission. This subtype is associated with poor hygiene and inappropriate expressions of emotion- most severe

catatonic schizophrenia

schizophrenia set apart by the presence of odd physical manifestations like strange body posture and facial expressions. Dramatic increases or decreases in motor activity are common with this subtype.

waxy flexibility

a unique state in which the person is poseable, like a doll

schizophrenogenic mother

women who supposedly were such failures at parenting that they caused their children to develop psychosis

extrapyramidal symptoms

cause odd and uncontrollable motor tics. People with these symptoms may behave as though they are in "slow motion" and may be unable to express emotions

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