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What did the Sino-Japanese War and Russo-Japanese War have in common?

Both were fought over control of Kore

During the 19th century, how did Latin American countries spend most of the income they received
from imports?

purchasing imported products

What led to problems within the self-strengthening movement in China in the 1860s?

China suffered increasing foreign interference

What is the policy of glorifying power and keeping an army prepared for war?

militaris

What impact did the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk have on Germany?

it allowed Germany to focus all their efforts on the Western Fron

All of the following were goals of the Five-Year Plans EXCEPT

the promotion of communism worldwide

Which of the following is a weapon of totalitarianism?

police terror

Who were the Bolsheviks?

radical Russian Marxist revolutionaries

What is a totalitarian state?

a state in which the government controls every aspect of public and private life

What was the purpose of the Soviet state's Five-Year Plans?

economic development

Who seized power from Persia's shah and changed the name of his country to Iran?

Reza Shah Pahlavi

How did the Russo-Japanese war show the czar's weakness

News of repeated losses sparked unrest and led to revolt during the war

How was the result of the nationalist movement in Saudi Arabia different from the results in Turkey
and Iran?

Turkey and Iran pursued modernization more than Saudi Arabia did

What impact did Russia's involvement in World War I have on the Russian government?

It revealed the weaknesses of czarist rule and military leadership

Why did Chinese peasants align themselves with the Communists rather than the Nationalists?

The Communists divided land among the farmers, while the Nationalists ignored their problems

What influences created an environment for nationalism in Southwest Asia?

the breakup of the Ottoman Empire and Western interest in the regio

In which country did Nationalists lead a successful rebellion against its sultan and then reform the
government with an emphasis on modernization?

Turkey

All of the following were common to both fascism and communism EXCEPT

a classless society

Which of the following does fascism stress?

nationalism

What effect did the nonaggression pact between the Nazis and the Soviets have on the balance of
power in Europe

It allowed the Axis Powers to continue unchecked

What impact did radio have after the war?

It allowed families to enjoy broadcasts of news, plays, music, and sports

Why did millions of Germans turn against the leaders of the Weimar Republic?

They had signed the Treaty of Versailles

Why did Hitler target the Jewish population as scapegoats for all of Germany's troubles?

Hatred of Jews, or anti-Semitism, was a key part of Nazi ideology

Great Britain and France entered World War II because of the invasion of

Poland

The Atlantic Charter was a declaration of the right to freedom of

trade

What prompted Great Britain and France to declare war on Germany?

German invasion of Poland

Which of the following was addressed by the Nuremberg Trials?

the Holocaust

What was the significance of the Atlantic Charter both during and after the war?

It upheld rights of free trade and choice of government, and it became the plan for postwar
peace

What combination led to the German defeat in the Battle of Stalingrad?

Russian troops and the Russian winter

Why did President Truman agree to use the atomic bomb

to bring the war to the quickest possible en

Islamic revolutionaries held more than 60 Americans hostage for over a year in

Iran

In 1979, the Soviet Union invaded

Afghanistan

What event increased U.S. spending on education and technology?

Soviet launching of a space satellit

4. What economic system was used to reshape China's economy after the civil war

communist

How did the Cold War cause a change in U.S. policy toward Nicaragua

The United States gave aid to the Sandinistas but withdrew support when the Sandinistas aided
Marxist rebels in El Salvador

In what way did the existence of two Chinas intensify the Cold War between the United States and
the Soviet Union?

All of the above are true

How did Brezhnev's leadership of the Soviet Union differ from that of Khrushchev?

Brezhnev repressed dissent at home and abroad more than Khrushchev had

After gaining their independence, India and Pakistan fought a war over

Kashmir

Which of the following has caused much of the violence in Sri Lanka?

a militant minority trying to achieve independenc

The extremist Islamic group that seized control of Afghanistan during the 1990s was known as the

Taliban

Which of the following was influenced by communism?

the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angol

Which of the following resulted in the creation of an Israeli "buffer zone" consisting of Jerusalem,
the Sinai Peninsula, the Golan Heights, and the West Bank?

the Six-Day War

Why did the UN fail in its plan to create a Palestinian State in the late 1940s

The Palestinians objected to receiving only part of the Mandate of Palestine

Which of the following was caused by religious conflict

the civil war in Sri Lank

How were the assassinations of Yitzhak Rabin and Anwar Sadat similar

Each assassin came from the leader's own religion

Which of the following is NOT a basic practice needed for democracy to work?

a presidency

What was apartheid?

a South African policy separating the race

Under which program did Gorbachev attempt to modify the economic structure of the Soviet
economy by allowing some private enterprise?

perestroik

What led Chinese students to demand democratic reform?

economic reforms that allowed Western ideas into Chin

Which of the following were obstacles to Latin American nations establishing democratic
governments?

all of the abov

What effect did the end of Communist rule have on Yugoslavia

Without communism as a unifier, ethnic hatred tore the country apar

Why is a stable economy closely tied to the success of democratic government

Economic opportunity gives citizens a stake in their country's future

How was the Soviet Union's foreign policy changed by Mikhail Gorbachev?

Arms control became one of Gorbachev's top priorities

Which event began the process of opening up Chinese-American relations?

Zhou Enlai invited an American table tennis team to tour China

What was the original purpose of the Internet?

shared information about researc

What do all developed nations have that emerging nations do not

transportation and business facilities for advanced production of manufactured goods

What is included within the global economy?

all of the above

What was the main purpose of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty

to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons to other nation

Which document states that "All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. . . .
Everyone has the right to life, liberty, and security of person"?

Universal Declaration of Human Right

What is meant by global interdependence?

the idea that nations are dependent on other nations and affected by the actions of others far
awa

What impact has technology had on the world's economy?

It has created new industries in both Asia and the Western world

What did the Persian Gulf War of 1991 reveal about international economies?

that the economies of nations are globally linke

What has been a lasting effect of European colonization in the Americas, Asia, and Africa?

Western languages are spoken throughout the world

How has the use of satellites affected worldwide communications?

Communications satellites helped transform the world into a "global village.

NATO, SEATO, and the Warsaw Pact are all examples of

miltary alliances

What are the main reasons why people decide to immigrate to other nations

unstable political situations at home and prosperous economies abroa

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