Ch.18 AP World History (The Rise of Russia)
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JuliusTembe on June 17, 2011
The Early Modern Period, 1450-1750: The World Shrinks
Ch. 18 The Rise of Russia
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Legendary Scandinavian, regarded as founder of the first kingdom of Russia based in Kiev in 855 C.E., ALL Russian Rulers claimed to be descended from him.
|Crimean War|| |
A war fought in the middle of the nineteenth century between Russia on one side and Turkey, Britain, and France on the other. Russia was defeated and the independence of Turkey was guaranteed.
This war had its origins in a rise in nationalism in the Balkans as well as in the Russian goal of recovering territorial losses it had suffered during the Crimean War, reestablishing itself in the Black Sea, and following the political movement attempting to free Balkan nations from the Ottoman Empire.
|Ivan the Terrible|
This king of Muscovy defeated the Mongols and added a great deal to his kingdom. He did not, however, conquer Livonia, a port on the Baltic sea which he desperately wanted. He was known as terrible for his treatment of boyars, the hereditary nobility in Muscovy, as he abused, killed, and/or transplanted them and then replaced them with others who were loyal to him. (Ivan IV), also killed his son, which is what the above painting entails.
|Peter the Great|| |
Russian tsar (r. 1689-1725). He enthusiastically introduced Western languages and technologies to the Russian elite, moving the capital from Moscow to the new city of St. Petersburg.
|Ivan the Great|| |
Ivan III, was the Grand Duke of Moscow, ended Mongol domination of his dukedom, extended territories, subdued nobles, and attained absolute power; made Moscow the center of a new Russian state with a central government
|Catherine the Great|
Empress of Russia who greatly increased the territory of the empire., German-born Russian tsarina in the 18th century; ruled after assassination of her husband; gave appearance of enlightened rule; accepted Western cultural influence; maintained nobility as service aristocracy by granting them new power over peasantry.
"Cyclops" Secretly married to Catherine The Great, even after stepping down from position of head lover, stayed one of her closest advisers, almost Co-Tsar, general/ lover of catherine, we use this name today; village- fake image you think everything is okay although it is really not.
Member of a group form Ukraine, many of whom served as horsemen to the Russian czars and were famed for their fierceness in battle
|Emelian Pugachev||Cossack soldier who sparked a gigantic uprising of serfs (1773) in Russia during the reign of Catherine the Great-he proclaimed himself the true tsar and issued decrees abolishing serfdom, taxes, and army service-thousands joined him, slaughtering landlords and officials-lost to Russian army-he was captured and savagely executed during Catherine the Great's Reign.|
|Peter III||Husband of Catherine the Great, was mentally unstable, and was murdered by a group of Russian army officers. Whether or not Catherine was involved in the murder is unknown, but she did benefit by it as she then had the throne to herself., Withdrew from the Seven Year's War because he liked Frederick II of Prussia. This essentially stopped the war.|
|Michael Romanov||Grandnephew of Ivan IV's wife, Anastasia, chosen by an assembly of Russian boyars and representatives to be the first Czar of the Romanov dynasty in 1613|
|Alexis Romanov||Second Romanov tsar; abolished assemblies of nobles; gained new powers over Russian Orthodox church|
|Romanov||the Russian imperial line that ruled from 1613 to 1917(Revolution)|
|Khan of the North||The name that Peter III( The Great) used when he was talking to the Mongols, he also swore his promises on the Koran while he was in their territories.|
|Vitus Bering|| |
He was a Danish explorer who explored the northern Pacific Ocean for the Russians and discovered the Bering Strait which made it easier to travel to North America. Led the way for future Russian mariners, who eventually reached Hawai`i. He discovered Alaska and the Aleutian Islands
|Alexis de Tocqueville|| |
Frenchman who wrote "Democracy in America"(1835), in which he explored the uniqueness of American character and its sources. He ALSO wrote about Russia and compared the two and said that BOTH would play a huge role in future World History.
|Partition of Poland||Division of Polish territory among Russia, Prussia, and Austria nations in 1772, 1793, and 1795; eliminated Poland as independent state; part of expansion of Russian influence in eastern Europe.|
|Pugachev Rebellion||Emilian Pugachev, a Cossack soldier, led a huge serf uprising-demanded end to serfdom, taxes and army service; landlords and officials murdered all over southwestern Russia; eventually captured and executed|
From Latin for caesar, this Russian title for a monarch was first used in reference to a Russian ruler by Ivan III
|Old Believers|| |
Russians who refused to accept the ecclesiastical reforms of Alexis Romanov the 2nd Romanov ruler (17th century); many exiled to Siberia or southern Russia, where they became part of Russian colonization.
|Tatar||A member of the Turkic-speaking people living from the Volga to the Ural Mountains (the name has been attributed to many other groups), LIKE THE mongols.|
Protestant kingdom in the Holy Roman Empire where the people defied their new ruler who tried to close down Protestant churches. It is in modern day Czechoslovakia. Was conquered by Russia in one of ts many late phases of expansion.
|Fort Ross|| |
Ivan Kuskov and a group of fur trapper built this fort near San Francisco., a trading post, near Bodega Bay, built by Russians in 1812. It was a base for sea otter hunters. they sold tools in exchange for salt, wheat, and other foods
|Ivan Kuskov||In 1812 he led a group pf Russian and native Alaskan fur trappers to north San Francisco and founded Fort Russia.|
|St. Petersburg|| |
Capitol city created by Peter the Great to resemble a French city. It was built on land taken from Sweden
Russian landholding aristocrats; possessed less political power than their western European counterparts, In Picture is a ______ House
Flickr Creative Commons Images
Some images used in this set are licensed under the Creative Commons through Flickr.com. Click to see the original works with their full license.
- "Rurik" image
- "Crimean War" image
- "Russo-Turkish War" image
- "Ivan the Terrible" image
- "Peter the Great" image
- "Ivan the Great" image
- "Catherine the Great" image
- "Potemkin" image
- "Cossack" image
- "Vitus Bering" image
- "Alexis de Tocqueville" image
- "Tsar" image
- "Old Believers" image
- "Bohemia" image
- "Fort Ross" image
- "St. Petersburg" image
- "Boyars" image
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