CLEP - Western Civ. 2 (Peterson's test #1)

42 terms by JasonDavid 

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Spain

Exerted the most influence in Italy: 16 & 17 C.

Austria

Exerted the most influence in Italy: 18 C.

Peter the Great

1697/8: Travels West. Europe & realizes how behind Russia is. Westernizes Russia (technically not ideologically)

Golden Age of Holland

17 C. Richest nation due to trading/joint stock co's.

James II

1685-8: Last Stuart. Overthrown by William of Orange (son in law) upon birth of his (Catholic) son.

William of Orange (William III)

Joint monarch (1650-1702) with his wife Mary II. Led Dutch independence over Hapsburg (Phillip II) Spain.

Locke

"Two Treatises of Government" Human nature lived free and had the natural rights of life, liberty, and property. If Gov't failed, people had right to rebel.

War of Austrian Succession

1740-8: Aut. disregards treaty; Invades Silesia. FR/UK join war.

Charles VI

r. 1711-40: Tried to keep Hapsburg Empire intact with "Pragmatic Sanction" & rule of his daughter; failed.

Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle

1748: (truce really) Prussia gets Silesia; all other territories siezed returned to owners. Maria Theresa rules AUT. Prussia b/c a super-power.

Treaty of Utrecht

1713: Ends War of Spanish Succession (Louis XIV VS. Europe) prohibited: joining of French and Spanish crowns, French expansionist policy. Also: ended golden age of Spain; vastly expanded British Empire

War of Spanish Succession

1701-14: Charles II dies; heirless. Louis XIV offered the Spanish throne. Grand Alliance VS. France.

Grand Alliance

An alliance between the English, Dutch, Austrians, and Prussians against the expansionist wars of Louis XIV.

Frederick II

r. 1740-86: King of Prussia; Military to increase power. "Enlightened Despot" (religious reform; free speech)

Issac Newton

1642-1727: "Principia" Discovered gravity, experimented with optics, co-invented calculus.

Scientific Revolution

16-18 C. Scientific thought rules; beliefs questioned, except for equality for women

Voltaire

1694-1778: Wrote "Philosophic Letters on the English", "Candide" & "Treatise on Toleration". He admired the English freedom of the press, and religous toleration.

Quesnay

1694-1774: Physiocrat. wrote "Economic Table". Said land = source of wealth. Laissez Faire proponent.

Diderot

1713-1784: Edits encyclopedia; disseminates scientific/enlightened thought.

Louis XVIII

r. 1814-1824. Restored even before Napoleon's defeat by 4/alliance. OK's Napoleon's Civil Code (principle of equality before the law) & bi-cameral system.

James Watt

1736-1819: Improves steam engine exponentially.

English Poor Law

1834: Welfare received only in "Workhouses" (miserable). Logic: poor will find legitimate work.

Mazzini

1805-72: Fought for unified republic. In '48 it was put down by Austrians (N) and French (S)

Napoleon III

r. 1852-71. Napoleon's nephew. Helped Italy drive Aus. out; invaded Mex. (debt collection). Elected by populous after revoking re-election laws; dictator

Cavour

Architect of Italian unification in 1858/9. Allies Italy & France; Aus. leaves N. Italy. Italy unites 99% in 1860.

Eduard Bernstein

1898: "Evolutionary Socialism" (as opposed to revolutionary socialism). Social Democrat and MP.

Herbert Spencer

1820-1903: UK philosopher and sociologist. Applied Darwin's theories to humanity. i.e. Social Darwinism

Ernst Renan

1823-1892: Catholic scholar. Questions bible & Christ's divinity.

Duma

Russian national legislature

Revolution of 1905

Strikes etc. caused by 1905 loss to Japan & hunger; Result: Duma & Russian Constitution of 1906.

Tsar Nicholas II

r. 1894-1917. Poor leader. Abdicates during Russian Revolution in 1917; executed by Lenin in 1918.

Cheka

Secret police; formed by Lenin

War Guilt Clause

1917: Treaty of Versailles. Formally blamed Germany; fined $33 billion. Most degrading/memorable clause.

Walter Gropius

Architect (born in Germany) and founder of the Bauhaus school (1883-1969). "Form follows function".

Tehran Conference

Dec.'43: US/UK/USSR (1 of 3) discussed post war plans.

Yalta Conference

Feb.'45: US/UK/USSR (2 of 3) All will declare war on Japan; USSR will receive reparation for 1905 losses.

Potsdam Conference

July 1945: US/UK/USSR (3 of 3) Failure to reach agreements; starts Cold War.

Bousset

Extolled absolutism. Wrote "Politics drawn from the Very Words of Scripture"

Physiocrats

Opponents of mercantilism and Colbertism in particular. Led by Francois Quesnay. Felt the need for a strong independent republic.

The Spirit of the Laws

1748: Montesquieu - separation of powers. Contributed largely to the US Constitution.

George Stephenson

1814: UK engineer who built 1st successful steam locomotive. 1829: First commercial trip.

James Watt

1736-1819: Invented the condenser (et al). Made the steam engine a practical source of power for industry and transportation. The watt, an electrical measurement, is named after him.

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set