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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. What are the target organs of the middle cervical ganglions (C5-C6) & the stellate ganglions?
  2. In regards to the SNS, where do preganglionic B fibers originate?
  3. In regards to the cardiac plexus, where does parasympathetic input arise from?
  4. Blocking what plexus and ganglion is indicated in tx of painful conditions of the pelvis and perineum?
  5. What does sympathetically mediated pain involve (CRPS)?
  1. a In the intermediolateral cell column segments T1-L2 or L3
  2. b Superior hypogastric plexus & ganglion impar
  3. c An initiating event-crush, stretch, axotomy, ischemia, etc... to a peripheral nerve.
  4. d Vagus & recurrent laryngeal nerves.
  5. e Heart
    All preganglionic fibers arise below the stellate, blockade at this level affects all sympathetics above this level.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. C1-C4
  2. There is a sensitization of peripheral (C-fibers) & central (dorsal horn laminae 1& 2).
  3. ↑ adrenergic receptors
    ↑ sensitivity to stimuli (↑ action potential per stimulus)
    ↑ "cross talk"
  4. Located in the neck. All presynaptic input enters from T1 w/ minor contributions from T2 & T3. Cervical lateral chain ganglia are fused.
  5. T1 or below

5 True/False questions

  1. Describe the lumbo-sacral lateral chainLocated in the neck. All presynaptic input enters from T1 w/ minor contributions from T2 & T3. Cervical lateral chain ganglia are fused.

          

  2. What are the NMDA antagonists, what are they useful for?Ketamine, dextromethorphan, methadone, PCP
    Useful in chronic pain syndrome

          

  3. What are the NMDA agonists and what releases them?Ketamine, dextromethorphan, methadone, PCP
    Useful in chronic pain syndrome

          

  4. What are the target organs for the celiac ganglion?Urogenital organs

          

  5. Blocking what ganglion is indicated in treatment & diagnosis of pain syndromes, vascular insufficiency, hyperhidrosis, and dysrhythmias?Stellate

          

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