The most important part of defensive driving is...
avoiding crashes and traffic violations by being alert for potentially dangerous situations
Which direction must you always drive about a round about circle?
Always travel right, or clockwise
How do you indicate your exit of a round about?
Use your right turn signal
What is the leading cause of traffic crashes?
How long does it take the human eye to recover from the headlight glare?
At what speed may you be possibly driving blind?
Expert drivers scan the driving scene how far head?
At least 12 seconds
How do you check your blind spot?
Glance over your shoulder to the rear in the direction of the lane change
What is a space cushion?
Space between your vehicle and the vehicles around you that protects you from others
What type of crash is most common and why?
Rear-end crashes because drivers follow too closely
What should you do if a vehicle is following too closely?
If possible move over to the right lane to allow them to pass. If there is no right lane, slow down to encourage them to pass you
What should you do before backing up?
Get out of the vehicle and make sure a child, pet, or toy is not behind it
Use your horn only to...
...prevent a collision or traffic accident
What should you do if you encounter an aggressive driver?
Make every attempt to avoid them. Wear your seat belt, avoid eye contact, ignore their gestures, and refuse to return them
What three tools can be used to avoid collisions?
Stopping quickly, turning quickly, or speeding up
What does ABS stand for?
Antilock Braking Systems
Is it better to run off the road or crash head-on into another vehicle?
Run off the road
If you run off the road what should you do?
Grip the steering wheel firmly, slowly reduce speed and keep your vehicle on a straight course, when it is safe to do so turn the front wheels enough to get back on the road
What is the general rule for approaching curves?
Slow as you enter, speed up as you exit
If you are hit from the rear...
...be ready to apply your brakes
If you are hit from the side...
...brace yourself with the steering wheel
If you are hit from the front...
...use your hand to protect your face
When entering a freeway what do you use the accelaration lane for?
To speed up and merge with the fast-moving traffic already on the road
If you are entering a freeway from a merging lane...
...yield to traffic already on the freeway
What should you do if you start to enter a freeway the wrong way?
Pull off to the side of the freeway exit ramp, put on emergency flashers and back off the ramp.
On the freeway, if you drive at a speed below the flow of traffic what lane must you use?
The right lane
What lane (on freeways) is used for faster traffic?
The left lane
What should you do to alert drivers behind you of a tie-up ahead?
Lightly tap your brake pedal several times
What if you have vehicle trouble on the freeway?
Move to the right shoulder or emergency stopping area. Turn on your flashers and stay in or near your vehicle
What is the difference between a freeway and an expressway?
An expressway may have intersections with cross traffic and traffic lights
When can cruise control be dangerous?
On slippery roads
When must headlights be on?
From sunset to sunrise. Also, at any time where conditions make it difficult to see people or vehicles 1,000 feet ahead
When must you dim or lower your brights?
When an oncoming vehicle is within 500 feet or when you're following a vehicle within 350 feet
At what time is it most dangerous to drive?
Late at night
What happens if your vehicle starts to hydroplane?
Stopping distances may triple and steering control may be reduced or lost
What are the two leading causes of hydroplaning?
Speed and low tire inflation
What should you do when driving over snow and/or ice?
Keep a light, steady foot on the gas pedal. Don't slam on your brakes to stop, rather gently press the brakes and then release them.
When is the road likely to be most slippery?
When ice is near the freezing point
If your vehicle begins to skid...
... Stay off the brakes, steer, and continue to steer
At what time of the year are studded tires allowed in Oregon?
From November 1 to April 1
True or false: It is illegal to play a radio or other sound system so loud that it can be heard 100 feet or more away from your vehicle.
False, it must not be heard from over 50 feet away
If a front tire blows...
...there may be a strong pull toward the side with the blowout.
If a back tire blows...
...the back of the vehicle may begin to weave or sway.
If your engine begins to overheat is it a better idea to turn on the heater or air conditioner?
If you hit a utility pole..
...stay inside your vehicle unless outside conditions, such as a fire, make this dangerous. In that case, exit your vehicle but do not touch the vehicle and the ground at the same time. You must jump out of your vehicle to avoid this.
Preferably, at what time of day should you purchase fuel?
The coolest time of day