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What led to the Compromise of 1850?

California Gold Rush

Who became a free state because of the Compromise of 1850?

California

What two territories would be open to popular sovereignty?

New Mexico and Utah

Popular Sovereignty

people in territory who would be able to vote on the issue of slavery

Where was there no more slave trade because of the Compromise of 1850?

Washington, D.C.

What was enforced because of the Compromise of 1850?

fugitive slave clause

What made the Underground railroad important?

runaway slaves were forced to go to Canada because the northern states were no longer safe

Who was involved in the underground railroad?

Fredrick Douglass, Harriet Tubman, William Lloyd Garrison

Who made the cotton gin?

Eli Whitney

What were the main crops in the Old South?

tobacco, rice, indigo

What were the main crops in the New South?

Cotton

What was the book Uncle Tom's Cabin about?

a kind old slave that was abused by his master

What made the southerners furious with the northerners?

Uncle Tom's Cabin

What gave popular sovereignty to Kansas and Nebraska?

Kansas-Nebraska Act

Who was the author of the Kansas-Nebraska Act?

Stephen Douglas

What led to "Bleeding Kansas"?

Kansas-Nebraska Act

Who wanted to leave slavery alone in the southern states?

Republican position

Who was opposed to the Kansas-Nebraska Act?

Republican position

What did people think African-Americans were?

property

Who thought the Missouri Compromise of 1820 was unconstitutional?

Dred Scott

Who were running for a seat in the U.S. senate from Illinois?

Lincoln, Douglas

Who won the debate of winning the seat in the U.S. senate?

Douglas

Who wanted to arm the slaves?

John Brown

Who won the election of 1860?

Abraham Lincoln

What happened as a result of this election?

S.C. seeded from the Union and eventually 10 other states would join them

What was the Northern state strategy?

Offensive

What was the Southern state strategy?

Defensive

Who was the president of the southern government?

Jefferson Davis

What was a nickname for the north?

Union

What was a nickname for the south?

Confederacy

What government was the north?

Federalism

What government was the south?

states rights

what was the 1st battle of the Civil War?

Fort Sumter

What was the bloodiest day of the CIvil War?

Antietam

What did the Emancipation Proclamation say about the slaves controlled by the Confederacy?

they are free

Who didnt the Emancipation Proclamation free?

slaves in the border states

What was the turning point in the Civil War?

Vicksburg and Gettysburg

What was the battle at Vicksburg?

union victory by U.S. Grant that completed the capture of the Miss. River

What stopped Robert E. Lee's 2nd invasion?

the Union victory in Penn.

What happened after the battle at Gettysburg?

Lincoln gave the Gettysburg Address on the battle field

What does the saying "Damn Yankees" come from?

Union general Sherman marched from Tenn. to Georgia, destroying everything in sight

Where does Lee surrender to Grant?

Appomattox, Va.

Several days after Lee's surrender what happened?

Pres. Lincoln was assassinated by John Wilkes Booth

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