Honors Bio Vocab 3B

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Unit 3B Vocabulary Making Proteins

PROTEIN SYNTHESIS

ANOTHER NAME FOR GENE EXPRESSION (USING DNA TO MAKE PROTEINS)

CODON

A THREE NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE OF MESSENGER RNA

ANTI-CODON

A THREE NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE OF TRANSFER RNA

TRANSCRIPTION

PROCESS THAT USES DNA TO MAKE A MOLECULE OF RNA

RNA

A SINGLE STRANDED NUCLEIC ACID THAT HAS A RIBOSE SUGAR

MESSENGER RNA

RNA MOLECULE THAT IS CREATED AFTER THE PROCESS OF TRANSCRIPTION

TRANSLATION

PROCESS THAT USES RNA TO MAKE PROTEINS

TRANSFER RNA

RNA MOLECULE THAT BRINGS AMINO ACIDS TO THE RIBOSOMES TO MAKE A PROTEIN

RIBOSOMAL RNA

RNA MOLECULE THAT IS A PART OF THE RIBOSOME

RNA POLYMERASE

AN ENZYME THAT CREATES AN RNA MOLECULE FROM A DNA TEMPLATE

AMINO ACIDS

THE MONOMER OR BUILDING BLOCK OF A PROTEIN

URACIL

A NITROGEN BASE THAT IS ONLY FOUND IN RNA AND NOT IN DNA

PROMOTER

A SEQUENCE OF DNA THAT ALLOWS RNA POLYMERASE TO BIND WHICH STARTS TRANSCRIPTION

TERMINATION SIGNAL

A SEQUENCE OF DNA THAT ENDS THE PROCESS OF TRANSCRIPTION

GENOME

THE ENTIRE GENE SEQUENCE OF AN ORGANISM

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