Ludwig Van Beethoven
(1770-1827) From Bonn, Germany, composer of the romantic period, summons the image of an angry, ugly, tough, genius. Started going deaf in his thirties.
A fast, rushing movement in triple meter, in binary form (ABA), replacing the common minuet and trio form.
Symphony No. 5 in C minor, Op. 67
Published in 1808.
Really exaggerated music, the lid came off. Took place during the 19th century. Mindset of liberal ideas, social justice, and the effect of the supernatural.
3rd movement of Symphony No. 5
In scherzo and trio form. The trio is a fugue. You can hear some resemblance of the original motive.
4th Movement of Symphony No. 5
March theme, motive is present throughout, and it quotes the scherzo.
"Robbed Time", the free treatment of meter in performance, a type of rhythm
A term for non-vocal music written in association with a poem, story, or some literary source. Follows the events of a story step by step.
Strings + Woodwinds + Brass + Percussion
(Think of an orchestra now, and it's similar to that)
Pieces lasting only a few minutes
Larger and larger symphonies, with more movements, and a longer time span.
Famous German poet whose works were made into several lied's.
A style that employs all 12 notes of the chromatic scale. A very important characteristic of romantic music.
In contrast to a concert. Lied's would be played at these.
A vocal genre, a miniature, with a piano accompaniment. Typically a poem set to music.
(1797-1828) From Vienna, Germany. Was very shy, never held a steady job, and had a following of friends who supported him musically and monetarily. Was known primarily for his lied's.
Piece from 1815 by Franz Schubert. A lied with powerful German singing behind it tells the story of a father and a boy. Uses chromaticism.
A song with new music for each stanza of a poem.
A song in several stanzas with the same music sung for each stanza.
(1810-1856). From Leipzig, Germany. Wrote and published "The New Journal for Music" and studied to be a virtuoso pianist. Wrote many lieders.
A group of songs with a common poetic theme or an actual story connection to poems.
(1833-1835) By Schumann, it is a song-cycle, the two most important character pieces are Euesbius and Florestan.
A dreamy character piece by Schumann that sounds reflective and is in rubato form.
Is more explosive than the piece that precedes it and accelerates throughout.
A genre that shows the sketches or outline of a character from a story.
(1810-1849) Born in Warsaw, Poland and later settled in Paris. He was an amazing pianist and made lots of money teaching piano.
A genre, a night piece which is a title for a romantic miniature.
Nocturne in F-Sharp, Op. 15, No. 2
1831. Opens with elegance, and is graceful throughout. Uses chromaticism and rubato.
(1803-1869). Came from France. People thought he was crazy for his extreme grandiose pieces. He chased the actress Harriet Smithson and wrote a symphony about her.
1830. Very grandiose piece, over the top. Demanded an orchestra of unprecedented size.
A symphony that tells a story.
An obsession, and the melody of the 5th movement of the fantastic symphony.
Example: The girl in the fantastic symphony.
Skill of combining the sounds of different instruments. This was Berlioz's greatest musical skill.
Gregorian Chant used as a march for the dead in 5th movt. of fantastic symphony.
A mass for the dead
Music written to sound like it's from another country.
Countries became free and wanted to establish an identity.
Violin plays with the wooden back of the bow.
Born in Italy.
Beautiful singing in an opera
The most famous opera house in the world, located in Milan.
(1813-1891). Wrote Aida and was the greatest Italian opera writer.
Declaring words in a heightened manner with musical accompaniment.
Act 4, Scene 2. About a Babylonian princess and the two men vying for her love. 1871!
A little aria
A song for two people; used in Aida.
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
(1840-1893). From Russia, studied at a conservatory in St. Petersburg and wrote the Romeo and Juliet symphonic poem.
A genre, a piece of orchestral program music in one long movement.
Romeo and Juliet
Written in 1869, revised in 1880. Vendetta and romantic themes.
5th movement of fantastic symphony
Has a dies irae orchestrated in several different ways (Berlioz's specialty), an idee fixe melody, and a fugal dance section. Rubato rhythm as well.